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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #2006 - ἐπιτήδειος

from epitedes (enough)
Parts of Speech
  1. fit, suitable, convenient, advantageous
  2. needful, esp. of the necessities of life
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (1)
NAS (2)
HCS (1)
BSB (1)
ESV (1)
( 0 )
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἐπιτήδ-ειος, α, ον:

Ion. ἐπιτήδ-εος, έη, εον Hdt. 4.158, al. (cf. ἐπιταδεοτρώκτας): Dor. ἐπιτηδ-τάδειος [] SIG 524.36 (Praesus, iii B.C.): regul. Comp. and Sup. -ειότερος, -ειότατος, Th. 4.54, 7.86, etc.; -έστερος, -έστατος, Anon. ap. Suid. s.v., Democr. 121: Ion. -εότερος, -εότατος, Hdt. 9.2, 1.110, al.: (ἐπιτηδές):

I made for an end or purpose, fit or adapted for it, suitable, convenient, νομαί ibid., etc.: Constr.: ἐ. ἔς τι ib. 115 (Sup.), etc.; πρός τι Pl. R. 390b: c. inf., χωρίον -ότατον ἐνιππεῦσαι most fit to ride in, Hdt. 6.102, cf. 9.2 (Comp.), Th. 2.20, Ar. Pax 1228, E. Ba. 508; ἄνδρα -ότατον..δέξαι Hdt. 3.134, cf. Ar. Ec. 79; so ἐ. τῷ σώματι κινδυνεύειν Antipho 5.63; ἐ. ὑπεξαιρεθῆναι convenient to be put out of the way, Th. 8.70; τεθνάναι μᾶλλον ἢ σῴζεσθαι And. 4.25, cf. Lys. 30.24; ἐ. ξυνεῖναι a fit person to live with, E. Andr. 206; also ἐ. ὀστρακισθῆναι deserving to be ostracized, And. 4.36; ἐ. πάσχειν D. 22.57; ἐκλεγόμενος τὸν ἐ. ἔπαισεν ἄν struck him who deserved it, X. An. 2.3.11; but ἐ. ἐς ὀλιγαρχίαν ἐλθεῖν likely or inclined to come, Th. 8.63; also ὑμῖν ἐπιτήδεόν [ἐστι] οἰκέειν Hdt. 4.158, etc.

II useful, serviceable, necessary,

1 of things, ὀλιγαρχία ἐ. τοῖς Λακεδαιμονίοις fit or serviceable for.., Th. 5.81; ἐ. τῷ δήμῳ πράττειν Lys. 13.51; καταστήσειν ἐς τὸ ἐ. to their advantage, Th. 4.76; οὐδὲν ηὕροντο ἐ. no advantage, Id. 1.58; οὐκ ἐ. καταγνῶναί τινος Hdt. 6.97; ἱερὰ οὐκ ἐ., opp. καλά, Id. 9.37: esp. as Subst., τὰ ἐ. things requisite, necessaries, esp. of provisions, Id. 2.174, Th. 2.23, X. HG 2.2.2, etc.: also in sg., what is requisite, needful, Id. Vect. 4.38.

2. of persons, serviceable, friendly, Hdt. 4.72 (Sup.), Th. 3.40; τινί to one, Id. 4.78, Lys. 12.14; ἐ. ποιεῖν τινα And. 4.41; ἐ. τῷ πατρί conformable to his will, Hdt. 3.52; ἐ. τοῖς πρασσομένοις favourable to.., Th. 8.54: also as Subst., a close friend, οἱ ἐ. one's friends, Id. 5.64; Ἀθηναίων ἐ. Id. 7.73; μοι ἐ. καὶ φίλος Lys. 1.22.

3. c. gen., = ἄξιος, SIG 1073.19 (Olympia, ii A.D.).

III Adv. -είως, Ion. -έως,

1. studiously, carefully, ὑπηρετέεσθαι Hdt. 1.108, 4.139.

2. suitably, conveniently, fitly, ποιέειν ἐ. Id. 9.7. β'; ἐ. σφίσιν αὐτοῖς πολιτεύειν Th. 1.19; ἐ. ἔχειν Id. 5.82: Comp. -ότερον Id. 4.54; -οτέρως, διαιτᾶσθαι Hp. Mul. 1.32.

3. ἐ. ἔχειν τινί to be on friendly terms with.., Paus. 3.9.3.

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἐπιτήδειος , -α , -ον ,

[in LXX: 1 Chronicles 28:2, Wisdom of Solomon 4:5, 1 Maccabees 4:46, al.;]

1. suitable, convenient,

2. useful, necessary: τὰ ἐ ., necessaries, James 2:16,†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

For τὰ ἐπιτήδεια, ";the necessaries of life,"; as in James 2:16, cf. P Hib I. 110.10 (c. B.C. 270) where payments are made εἰς τὰ ἐπιτήδ [ε ]ι ̣α ̣, and P Lond 1159.3 (A.D. 145–7) (= III. p. 112) ἐπὶ παροχῆς τῶν ἑτοιμαζομε ̣νων ἐπιτηδείων with reference to furnishing provisions and other supplies in view of an impending official visit. See also P Ryl II. 238.5 (A.D. 262) παρασχεῖν τὰ ἐπιτήδια πάντα, ";to provide all that is necessary"; for certain huntsmen, P Giss I. 85.13 τὰ ἐπιτήδια ̣ τῇ σχολῇς (l. σχολῇ), and for the superlative P Oxy III. 472.8 (c. A.D. 130) ὁ υἱὸς ἐπιτηδειότ ̣α ̣τος. P Strass I. 32.13 (A.D. 261) ζυγὸν δὲ ἐνάγων παρά σοι τὸν ἐπιτηδειότερον αὐτῷ παράσχες shows the comparative where the context demands a superlative : see Proleg. p. 78. In P Fay 22.24 (i/A.D.) a husband undertakes to provide for his divorced wife τὰ ἐπειτήδεια, in a manner befitting her rank. The adj. is common along with εὔπορος, e.g. BGU I. 235.12 (ii/A.D. ?) εὐπόρους καὶ ἐπιδηδίο [υς ] (l. ἐπιτηδείους) γνώμῃ καὶ κινδύ [ν ]ων (l.ύνῳ), P Oxy IX. 1187.11 (A.D. 254) [ν ]τα εὔπορον καὶ ἐπιτήδειον, ";being a person of means and suited for the post"; (Ed.), of a phylarch. For the meaning ";convenient"; cf. P Hib I. 83.10 (c. B.C. 258–7) οὐ γὰρ ἐπιτήδειός (l.όν ?) ἐστιν, P Tebt II. 409.11 (A.D. 5) εἰδὼς ὅτι ἐπι ̣τ ̣[ήδιό ]ν [σο ]ι. The adv. may be illustrated by P Oxy VI. 938.6 (iii/iv A.D.) ἠπείχθην καὶ νῦν σοι γράψαι ὅπως αὐτῆς ὥρας γομωσασθῆναι (l. γομωθῆναι) ἐπιτηδείως τὰς σαργάνας ποιήσας ἀποστείλῃς ";I hasten to write to you now once more and beg you instantly to get the baskets properly laden and send them off"; (Edd.), and the subst. ἐπιτήδευμα (common in the LXX) by Vett. Val. p. 73.20 τοὺς δὲ ἐκ τῶν ἐπιτηδευμάτων καρποὺς οὐ λαμβάνουσι.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
επετήδευσεν επιτηδεια επιτήδεια ἐπιτήδεια επιτηδεύμασι επιτηδεύμασί επιτηδεύμασιν επιτηδεύματα επιτηδεύματά επιτηδευμάτων επιτηδεύματων επιτηδεύσεις epitedeia epitēdeia epitḗdeia
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for Copyright 1999-2022. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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