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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #193 - ἀκρατής

from (G1) (as a negative particle) and (G2904)
Parts of Speech
  1. without self-control, intemperate
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (1)
2 Timothy
NAS (2)
2 Timothy
HCS (1)
2 Timothy
BSB (1)
2 Timothy
ESV (1)
2 Timothy
WEB (1)
2 Timothy
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἀκρατ-ής, ές, (κράτος)


1. powerless, impotent, γῆρας S. OC 1236; παιδία Hp. Aër. 10; of paralysed limbs, IG 4.951.22 (Epid.), Aret. SD 1.7.

2. in Law, invalid, πρῆσις GDI 5653 (Chios), cf. IG 12(8).267.12 (Thasos).

II c.

1. gen. rei, not having power or command over a thing, γλώσσης A. Pr. 884; φωνῆς, παντὸς τοῦ σώματος, ἑωυτοῦ, Hp. Morb. 1.3, Art. 48, Morb. 2.6; ὀργῆς Th. 3.84; θυμοῦ Pl. Lg. 869a; ἀ. τῶν χειρῶν, of persons with their hands tied, D.H. 1.38; intemperate in the use of a thing, ἀφροδισίων, οἴνου, X. Mem. 1.2.2, Oec. 12.11; ἀ. κέρδους, τιμῆς intemperate in pursuit of them, Arist. EN 1147b33; with Preps., ἀ. πρὸς τὸν οἶνον Id. HA 594a10; περὶ τὰ πόματα Id. PA 691a3: c. inf., ἀ. εἴργεσθαί τινος unable to refrain from.., Pl. Sph. 252c. Adv. -τῶς, Ion. -τέως, διακεῖσθαι Hp. Acut.(Sp.) 55.

2. abs. in moral sense, without command over oneself or one's passions, incontinent, Arist. EN 1145b11; ἀ. στόμα Ar. Ra. 838; νηδύς Aristias 3. Adv. ἀκρατῶς, ἔχειν πρός τι Pl. Lg. 710a.

3. of things, uncontrolled, immoderate, δαπάνη AP 9.367 (Luc.); οὖρον.. ἀκρατές incontinence of urine, Aret. SA 1.6; cf. ἀκρᾰτί.

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἀκρατής , -ές

(< κράτος ),

[in LXX: Proverbs 27:20*;]

(a) powerless, impotent;

(b) in moral sense, lacking self-control, incontinent: 2 Timothy 3:3.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

ἀκρατής in the sense of ";impotent"; is found in Syll 802, 803 (iii/B.C.), inscriptions from Asclepios’ temple, e.g. 80222 ἀνὴρ τοὺς τᾶς χηρὸς δακτύλους ἀκρατεῖς ἔχων. Vettius Valens (p. 3933) associates ἀστάτους ταῖς γνώμαις καὶ ἀκρατεῖς.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
ακρατεις ακρατείς ἀκρατεῖς akrateis akrateîs
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for Copyright 1999-2022. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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