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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #1883 - ἐπάνω

from (G1909) and (G507)
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  1. above
    1. of place
    2. of number: more than
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 410 ‑ אֵל (ale);  4310 ‑ מִי (me);  4606 ‑ מֶעָל (may‑awl');  4609 ‑ מַעֲלָה (mah‑al‑aw');  5921 ‑ עַל (al);  5921 ‑ עַל (al);  5921 ‑ עַל (al);  5945 ‑ עֶלְיוֹן (el‑yone');  6256 ‑ עֵת (ayth);  
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Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἐπάνω [ ],

Adv., (ἄνω)

1. above, on the upper side or part, Ar. Lys. 773, Pl. R. 514b, etc.; with Art., ὁ ἐ. πύργος the upper tower, Hdt. 3.54, etc.

2. as Pr, c. gen., Id. 1.179 (in tmesi, ἐπὶ τοῦ σήματος ἄνω ib. 93), Pl. Phd. 109d; ἐ. τῆς χώρας IG 12(5).872.32 (Tenos, iii B.C.); ἐ. γεγονότες κακίας having risen superior to.., Plu. 2.1063c; γίγνεται ἐ. τῆς πληγῆς J. BJ 1.4.2; ἐ. χρημάτων εἶναι D.L. 6.28 (but ἐ. χρημάτων τεταγμένος set over, Vett.Val. 48.5).

3. before, in front of, c. gen., LXX Genesis 18:2, 2 Kings 24:20; in the presence of, τινός POxy. 903.14, 20 (iv A.D.). II above, in a book, ἐν τοῖς ἐ. εἴρηται X. An. 6.3.1 (interpol.), cf. Arist. Metaph. 1012b6; τὰ ἐ. λεχθέντα Str. 2.5.8; καθὼς ἐ. γέγραπται IG 9(1).694.131 (Corc.), cf. CIG 3059.3 (Teos), Polystr.p.22 W. III of Time, ἐν τοῖς ἐ. χρόνοις in former times, D.S. 16.42, 18.49; ἐν τῷ ἐ. μηνί OGI 764.40 (Pergam.). of Relationship, πατέρες καὶ τούτων ἐ. D. 60.7; οἱ ἐ. πρόγονοι J. Revelation 1:7; ἐ. ὄντες Εὐρωπαῖοι citizens of Europus in unbroken descent, Cumont Fouilles de Doura-Europos p.300. in Logic, τὸ ἐ. γένος the genus or species above, opp. τὰ ὑποκάτω, Arist. Top. 122a4, 143a21; τὰ ἐ. τοῦ γένους ib. 122a34. of Number, above, more, ἀπὸ εἰκοσαετοῦς καὶ ἐ. LXX Exodus 30:14, al.; above, more than, ἐ. τριακοσίων δηναρίων Mark 14:5; ὤφθη ἐ. πεντακοσίοις 1 Corinthians 15:6.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἐπάνω, adverb (ἐπί and ἄνω (cf. Winers Grammar, 102 (97); Buttmann, 319 (273))), Herodotus and following; often in the Sept.; above;

1. adverbially,

a. of place: Luke 11:44;

b. of number; beyond, more than: πραθῆναι ἐπάνω τριακοσίων δηναρίων, sold for more than three hundred denaries, Mark 14:5; ὤφθη ἐπάνω πεντακοσίοις ἀδελφοῖς, by more than five hundred brethren, 1 Corinthians 15:6; cf. Winers Grammar, § 37, 5; (Buttmann, 168 (146)).

2. as a preposition it is joined with the genitive (Winer's Grammar, § 54, 6), a. of place: Matthew 2:9; Matthew 5:14; Matthew 21:7 R G; ,(); ; Luke 4:39; (Luke 10:19); Revelation 6:8 (WH brackets the genitive); ( Tr text).

b. of dignity and power: ἐξουσίαν ἔχειν ἐπάνω τίνος, Luke 19:17 (); ἐπάνω πάντων ἐστι, John 3:31a (31b (but here G T WH marginal reading omit the clause)).

STRONGS NT 1883a: ἐπάρατος ἐπάρατος, ἐπαρατον (ἐπαράομαι (to call down curses upon)), accursed: John 7:49 L T Tr WH. (Thucydides, Plato, Aeschin, Dio Cass., others.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἐπ -άνω ,


[in LXX for H4609, H5921, H4606, etc.;]


1. adverbially;

(a) of place: Luke 11:44;

(b) of number, more than: Mark 14:5, 1 Corinthians 15:6.

2. As prep. C. gen.;

(a) of place: Matthew 2:9; Matthew 5:14; Matthew 21:7; Matthew 23:18-22; Matthew 27:37; Matthew 28:2, Luke 4:39; Luke 10:19, Revelation 6:8; Revelation 20:3;

(b) of pre-eminence: Luke 19:17-19, John 3:31.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

ἐπάνω is common with reference to something already mentioned, e.g. P Oxy III. 502.54 (A.D. 164) μεμίσθωκα σὺν τοῖς ἐπάνω τὰς ἐν τῇ αὐλῇ κέλλας, ";I have leased together with the above-mentioned premises the chambers in the court"; (Edd.), BGU IV. 1046 ii. 7 (ii/A.D.) ὁ αὐτὸς ἐπάνω γενόμ (ενος) καὶ σιτολ (όγος), P Hamb I. 12.17 (A.D. 209–10) ὑπὸ τῶν ἐπάνω πρεσβ (υτέρων) : cf. P Oxy VII. 1032.34 (A.D. 162) ὡς ἐ ̣π ̣άνω δηλο ̣υ ̣̑ται, ";as stated above."; In connexion with time the phrase οἱ ἐπάνω χρόνοι, ";the former times,"; is often met : e.g. in P Hib I. 96.6, .23 (B.C. 259), P Oxy II. 268.17 (A.D. 58) ib. 237viii. 38 (A.D .186), P Tebt II. 397.17 (A.D. 198). For the use of ἐπάνω as an ";improper"; preposition (= ";above,"; ";over";) cf. P Oxy III. 495.8 (A.D. 181–9) ]ν. . . κέλλῃ τῇ ἐπάνω τοῦ πυλῶνος, P Leid W vii. 19 (ii/iii A.D.) ἐὰν θέλῃς ἐπάνω κορκοδείλου (l. κροκο - by metathesis) διαβαίνειν, P Flor I. 50.32 (A.D. 268) ἐπάνω λίμνης, and see Thumb in ThLZ xxviii. p. 422 for the survival of this usage in MGr ἐπάνω, ἐπάνω᾽ς, ἀπάνω. It may be added that ἐπάνω changed out of ἐπάνου is found in an ancient ";curse"; strongly tinged with Jewish influences—Wünsch AF 3.24 (Carthage—Imperial time) ()τι ἐξορκίζω ὑμᾶς κατὰ τοῦ ἐπάν (ω) τοῦ οὐρανοῦ θεοῦ : cf Isaiah 14:13. For ἐπάνωθεν, not found in the NT, but frequent in the LXX, see BGU IV. 1198.7 (B.C. 4).

[Supplemental from 1930 edition]

ἐπάνω. See P Oxy I. 131.15 (vi/vii A.D.), note.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
επανω επάνω ἐπάνω επάνωθεν επάνωθέν επαοιδαίς επαοιδήν επαοιδοί επαοιδοίς επαοιδόν επαοιδός επαοιδούς επαοιδών επαποστείλαι επαποστελεί επαποστέλλω επαποστελώ epano epanō epáno epánō
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