the Week of Proper 4 / Ordinary 9
Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #1809 - ἐξαιτέομαι
- to ask from, demand of
- to ask or beg for one's self, to ask that one be given up to one from the power of another
- in a good sense,
- to beg one from another
- ask for the pardon
- the safety of some one
- in a bad sense
- for torture
- for punishment
Middle voice from G1537 and G154
ἐξαιτέω, ἐξαίτω: 1 aorist middle ἐξητησαμην; to ask from, demand of (cf. ἐκ, VI. 2). Middle to ask from (or beg) for oneself: τινα, to ask that one be given up to one from the power of another — in both senses, either for good, to beg one from another, ask for the pardon, the safety, of someone (Xenophon, an. 1, 1, 3; Demosthenes, p. 546, 22; Plutarch, Per. 32; Palaeph. 41, 2); or in a bad sense, for torture, for punishment (Plutarch, mor., p. 417 d. de defect. orac. 14; in secular authors often with this sense in the active); so of Satan asking the apostles out of the power and keeping of God to be tried by afflictions (allusion being made to Job 1:1-12): Luke 22:31 (Test xii. Patr., p. 729 (test. Benj. § 3) ἐάν τά πνεύματα τοῦ Βελιάρ εἰς πᾶσαν πονηρίαν θλίψεως ἐξαιτησωνται ὑμᾶς).
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* ἐξ -αιτέω , -ῶ ,
to ask from; mid., to ask for oneself, demand: aor., ἐξῃτήσατο , c. acc (obtained you by asking, R, mg.), Luke 22:31 (v. Field, Notes, 76; Cremer, 73).†
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Field (Notes, p. 76) takes the aor. mid. ἐξῃτήσατο in Luke 22:31 as indicating the success of the requisition, and paraphrases, ";Satan hath procured you (";obtained you by asking,"; RV marg.) to be given up to him";; cf. Syll 330.15 (i/B.C.) ὅτε ἰδίαν χάριν ἐξαιτησάμενοι Πόπλιόν τε Αὐτρώνιον καὶ Λεύκιον Μαρκίλιον. See for the act. ib. 168.29 (iv/B.C.) δι᾽ ὅπερ ἐξαιτή [σαντος αὐτὸν (Λυκοῦργ ̣ον) Ἀλεξάνδρου ὁ δ ]ῆμος ἀπέγνω μὴ συνχωρῆ [σαι μηδὲ λόγον ποιεῖσθαι τῆς ] ἐξαιτήσεως, and BGU III. 944.8 (iv/v A.D.) ἐξῄτησας τήν μισθαποχήν (";receipt for pay";). The verb is fully illustrated by Wetstein ad Lk l.c.
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Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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