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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #164 - αἰχμάλωτος

from aichme (a spear) and a derivative of the same as (G259)
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  1. a captive
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1473 ‑ גֹּלָה (go‑law', go‑law');  7617 ‑ שָׁבָה (shaw‑baw');  7758 ‑ שֵׁילָל (sho‑lawl', shay‑lawl');  
Frequency Lists
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Luke 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

αἰχμᾰλ-ωτος, ον,

I taken by the spear, captive, prisoner, Pi. Fr. 223, Hdt. 6.79, 134; freq. of women, A. Ag. 1440, S. Tr. 417: — αἰχμάλωτοι prisoners of war, And. 4.22, Th. 3.70; αἰ. λαμβάνειν, ἄγειν take prisoner, X. Cyr. 3.1.37, 4.4.1; αἰ. γίγνεσθαι to be taken, ib. 3.1.7; of things, αἰ. χρήματα A. Eu. 400, cf. Ag. 334, D. 19.139; νῆες X. HG 2.3.8, IG 2.789; τὰ αἰ. booty, X. HG 4.1.26, An. 4.1.13; αἰχμάλωτον, τό, = ἀνδράποδον, D.S. 13.57.

II = αἰχμαλωτικός, δουλοσύνη αἰ. such as awaits a captive, Hdt. 9.76; εὐνά A. Th. 364 (lyr.); τύχη D.S. 27.6, Lib. Or. 59.157.

III αἰχμάλωτος, ὁ, name of plasters, Aët. 15.20.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

αἰχμάλωτος, (from αἰχμή, a spear and ἁλωτός, verbal adjective from ἁλῶναι, properly, taken by the spear) (from Aeschylus down), captive: Luke 4:18 (19).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

αἱχμάλωτος , -ον

(< αἰχμή , a spear, ἁλίσκομαι , to be taken),

[in LXX chiefly for H7617, H1473;]

captive: Luke 4:18 (LXX).†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

The word is found in P Lille I. 3.66 (after B.C. 241–0) αἰχμαλώτοις εἰς τὴν γινομένην συ ̣[νταξιν ?] In their note the editors think that the reference is to certain prisoners brought from Asia by Philadelphus (cf. P Petr II. 29 (b).2 to some of whom a regular ";allowance"; or ";grant"; (σύνταξις) may have been made. Dittenberger’s indices show seven inscriptions in Syll and one in OGIS containing the word, all in the Hellenistic period. For the subst. see Michel 965.6 (beginning ii/B.C.) ]σωισεν ἐκ τῆς αἰχμαλωσίας.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
αιχμάλωτοι αιχμαλωτοις αιχμαλώτοις αἰχμαλώτοις αιχμάλωτον αιχμάλωτος αιχμαλώτους aichmalotois aichmalōtois aichmalṓtois
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