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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #1520 - εἷς

Transliteration
heîs
Phonetics
hice
Origin
(including the neuter [etc.] hen)
Parts of Speech
numeral
TDNT
2:434,214
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εἰς
 
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Definition   
Thayer's
  1. one
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (266)
Matthew 50
Mark 34
Luke 31
John 35
Acts 14
Romans 18
1 Corinthians 29
2 Corinthians 2
Galatians 7
Ephesians 12
Philippians 3
Colossians 2
1 Thessalonians 2
2 Thessalonians 1
1 Timothy 3
Hebrews 2
James 4
2 Peter 1
1 John 2
Revelation 14
NAS (323)
Matthew 59
Mark 37
Luke 45
John 38
Acts 19
Romans 21
1 Corinthians 29
2 Corinthians 2
Galatians 8
Ephesians 15
Philippians 5
Colossians 2
1 Thessalonians 3
2 Thessalonians 1
1 Timothy 5
Titus 2
Hebrews 5
James 3
2 Peter 3
1 John 1
Revelation 20
HCS (253)
Matthew 51
Mark 25
Luke 27
John 36
Acts 13
Romans 20
1 Corinthians 28
2 Corinthians 2
Galatians 7
Ephesians 12
Philippians 3
Colossians 2
1 Thessalonians 3
2 Thessalonians 1
1 Timothy 3
Hebrews 2
James 3
2 Peter 1
Revelation 14
BSB (345)
Matthew 66
Mark 44
Luke 43
John 40
Acts 21
Romans 20
1 Corinthians 31
2 Corinthians 3
Galatians 8
Ephesians 15
Philippians 4
Colossians 2
1 Thessalonians 3
2 Thessalonians 1
1 Timothy 5
Titus 2
Hebrews 5
James 3
2 Peter 3
1 John 1
Revelation 25
ESV (237)
Matthew 47
Mark 24
Luke 27
John 36
Acts 12
Romans 17
1 Corinthians 24
2 Corinthians 2
Galatians 7
Ephesians 11
Philippians 3
Colossians 2
1 Thessalonians 3
2 Thessalonians 1
1 Timothy 3
Hebrews 2
James 4
2 Peter 1
Revelation 11
WEB (351)
Matthew 67
Mark 46
Luke 46
John 40
Acts 21
Romans 21
1 Corinthians 34
2 Corinthians 3
Galatians 8
Ephesians 14
Philippians 4
Colossians 2
1 Thessalonians 3
2 Thessalonians 1
1 Timothy 5
Titus 2
Hebrews 5
James 5
2 Peter 1
1 John 1
Revelation 22
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

εἷς, μίᾰ, ἕν

(μίη only in late Ion. Prose): gen. ἑνός, μιᾶς, ἑνός: — ἕεις Hes. Th. 145, AP 7.341 (Procl.), cj.in Il. 5.603: Dor. ἧς Rhinth. 12, Tab.Heracl. 1.136: , Aeol., and Ion. fem. ἴᾰ Il. 13.354, prob. in Hp. Morb. 4.37; acc. ἴαν Alc. 33.6 (prob.), Sapph. 69.1 (cf. μηδεΐα), Corinn. Supp. 2.56, IG 9(2).517.22(Thess.); gen. ἰῆς Il. 16.173, 24.496; dat. ἰῇ 9.319, 11.174, etc.: neut. dat. (ἰῷ κίον ἤματι) 6.422. (In Com. οὐδὲ (μηδὲ) εἷς, οὐδὲ (μηδὲ) ἕν, occur, mostly at the end of an iambic trimeter, without elision, Cratin. 302, Ar. Ra. 927, Pl. 37, 138,al.) (Orig. ἕνς, assim. ἔν (δ) prob. in Leg.Gort. 9.50, from Εμς, I.-Eur. sem -(cf. ὁμός); μία from sm - ία; ἴα is not related to μία, but prob. to pronom. stem i -(Lat. is), cf. ἰός.) 1 as a Numeral, εἷς κοίρανος

Thayer's Expanded Definition

εἷς, μία, ἐν, genitive ἑνός, μιᾶς, ἑνός, a cardinal numeral, one. Used:

1. universally,

a. in opposed to many; and α. added to nouns after the manner of an adjective: Matthew 25:15 (opposed to πέντε δύο); Romans 5:12 (opposed to πάντες); Matthew 20:13; Matthew 27:15; Luke 17:34 (but L WH brackets); Acts 28:13; 1 Corinthians 10:8; James 4:13 (R G), and often; παρά μίαν namely, πληγήν (Winers Grammar, 589 (548); Buttmann, 82 (72)), save one (Winer's Grammar, § 49, g.), 2 Corinthians 11:24; with the article, εἰς ἄνθρωπος, the one man, of whom I have spoken, Romans 5:15. β. substantively, with a partitive genitive — to denote one, whichever it may be: μίαν τῶν ἐντολῶν, one commandment, whichever of the whole number it may be, Matthew 5:19; add, Matthew 6:29; Matthew 18:6; Mark 9:42; Luke 12:27; Luke 17:2, 22; or, that one is required to be singled out from a certain number: Luke 23:39; John 19:34, etc. followed by ἐκ with the genitive of a noun signifying a whole, to denote that one of (out of) a company did this or that: Matthew 22:35; Matthew 26:21; Matthew 27:48; Mark 14:18; Luke 17:15; John 1:40 (); (T WH Tr marginal reading in brackets), (Tr omits ἐκ); (Rec. omits ἐκ); ; Revelation 5:5; Revelation 7:13; Revelation 9:13; Revelation 13:3 (Rec. omits ἐκ. γ. absolutely: Matthew 23:8-10; Hebrews 2:11; Hebrews 11:12; and where it takes the place of a predicate, Galatians 3:20 (cf. Winer's Grammar, 593 (551)), Galatians 3:28 (ye that adhere to Christ make one person, just as the Lord himself); συνάγειν εἰς ἐν, to gather together into one, John 11:52; ποιεῖν τά ἀμφότερα ἐν, Ephesians 2:14; with the article, εἰς, the one, whom I have named, Romans 5:15, 19.

b. in opposed to a division into parts, and in ethical matters to dissensions: ἐν σῶμα πολλά μέλη, Romans 12:4; 1 Corinthians 12:12, 20; ἐν εἶναι, to be united most closely (in will, spirit), John 10:30; John 17:11, 21-23; ἐν ἑνί πνεύματι, μία ψυχή, Philippians 1:27 cf. Acts 4:32 (cf. Cicero, Lael. 25 (92)amicitiae vis est in eo, ut unus quasi animus fiat ex pluribus); ἀπό μιᾶς (see ἀπό, III., p. 59{b}), Luke 14:18.

c. with a negative following joined to the verb, εἰς ... οὐ or μή (one ... not, i. e.) no one, (more explicit and emphatic than οὐδείς): ἐν ἐξ αὐτῶν οὐ πεσεῖται, Matthew 10:29; besides, Matthew 5:18; Luke 11:46; Luke 12:6; this usage is not only Hebraistic (as that language has no particular word to express the notion of none), but also Greek (Aristophanes ecclesiastical 153: thesm. 549; Xenophon, an. 5, 6, 12; Dionysius Halicarnassus, verb. comp. 18, etc.), cf. Winers Grammar, 172 (163); (Buttmann, 121 (106)).

2. emphatically, so that others are excluded, and εἰς is the same as 2. a single (Latinunus equivalent tounicus); joined to nouns: Matthew 21:24; Mark 8:14 (οὐκ ... εἰ μή ἕνα ἄρτον); Mark 12:6; Luke 12:52; John 11:50; John 7:21; 1 Corinthians 12:19; Ephesians 4:5, etc.; absolutely: 1 Corinthians 9:24; 2 Corinthians 5:14 (15); 1 Timothy 2:5; James 4:12, etc.; οὐδέ εἰς, not even one: Matthew 27:14; John 1:3; Acts 4:32; Romans 3:10; 1 Corinthians 6:5 (R G); οὐκ ἐστιν ἕως ἑνός (there is not so much as one), Romans 3:12 from Psalm 13:3 (); cf. Latinomnes ad unum, all to a man. Neuter, ἐν, one thing, exclusive of the rest; one thing before all others: Mark 10:21; Luke 18:22; Luke 10:42 (but WH only text); John 9:25; Philippians 3:13 (); James 2:10.

b. alone: οὐδείς ... εἰ μή εἰς Θεός, Mark 2:7 (for which in Luke 5:21 μόνος Θεός); Mark 10:18; Luke 18:19.

c. one and the same (not at variance with, in accord with oneself): Romans 3:30; Revelation 17:13, 17 (L omits); ; τό ἐν φρονεῖν, Philippians 2:2 (WH marginal reading αὐτό); ἕν εἶναι are one, i. e. are of the same importance and esteem, 1 Corinthians 3:8; εἰς τό ἐν εἶναι (see εἰμί, V. 2 d.), 1 John 5:8; more fully τό ἐν καί τό αὐτό. 1 Corinthians 12:11; ἐν καί τό αὐτό τίνι, 1 Corinthians 11:5.

3. the numerical force of εἰς is often so weakened that it hardly differs from the indefinite pronoun τίς, or from our indefinite article (Winers Grammar, 117 (111) (cf. 29 note 2; Buttmann, 85 (74))): Matthew 8:19 εἰς γραμματεύς); ; John 6:9 (παιδάριον ἐν, where T Tr WH omit and L brackets ἐν); Revelation 8:13; Revelation 9:13 (Aristophanes av. 1292; Xenophon, mem. 3, 3, 12; Plato, de rep. 6, p. 494 d.; legg. 9, p. 855 d., etc.; especially later writings; (Tobit 1:19 Tobit 2:3; 3Esdr. 4:18 [LXX 1 Esdras 4:18]; Genesis 21:15; 2 Samuel 2:18; Judith 14:6); so the Hebrew אֶחָד, Daniel 8:3; Genesis 22:13; 1 Samuel 1:2; 1 Kings 21:13 (); see Gesenius, Lchrgeb., p. 655); εἰς τίς (Latinunus aliquis), a certain one; one, I know not who; one who need not be named: with a substantive, Mark 14:51 (L Tr WH omit εἰς); or followed by a genitive Mark 14:47 where L Tr omit; WH brackets τίς; followed by ἐκ, ἐξ, with the genitive: Luke 22:50; John 11:49 (ἕν τί τῶν ῤημάτων, Judith 2:13, and often in Greek writings; cf. Wetstein on Mark 14:51; Matthiae, § 487).

4. it is used distributively (Winers Grammar, § 26, 2; especially Buttmann, 102 (90));

a. εἰς ... καί εἰς, one ... and one: Matthew 17:4; Matthew 20:21; Matthew 24:40 L T Tr WH, ; ; Mark 4:8 (R G L WH marginal reading); Mark 4:20 (R G L Tr marginal reading WH marginal reading in brackets); ; Luke 9:33; John 20:12; Galatians 4:22; (in Greek authors, εἰς μέν ... εἰς δέ, as Aristotle, eth. 6, 1, 5; Xcn. Cyril 1, 2, 4); with the article prefixed, εἰς the one, Luke 24:18 R G; followed by εἰς, the one ... the other, Matthew 24:40 R G; followed by ἕτερος, Matthew 6:24; Luke 7:41; Luke 16:13{b}; R WH; R G T WH marginal reading; Acts 23:6; εἰς (without the article ... ἕτερος: Luke 16:13{c}; G L T Tr; L Tr WH text; πέντε ... εἰς ... ἄλλος, Revelation 17:10.

b. εἰς ἕκαστος, everyone: Acts 2:6; Acts 20:31; Ephesians 4:16; Colossians 4:6; followed by a partitive genitive: Luke 4:40; Luke 16:5; Acts 2:3; Acts 17:27; Acts 21:26; 1 Corinthians 12:18; Ephesians 4:7; 1 Thessalonians 2:11; cf. Buttmann, 102f (89f); ἀνά εἰς ἕκαστος (see ἀνά, 2), Revelation 21:21.

c. a solecism, common in later Greek (cf. Lucian, solace. (Pseudosoph.) § 9; Winers Grammar, § 37, 3; Buttmann, 30f (26f); Fritzsche on Mark, p. 613f; (Sophocles' Lexicon, under the word καθεῖς)), is καθ' εἰς, and in combination καθεῖς (so that either κατά is used adverbially, or εἰς as indeclinablc): καθ' εἰς, equivalent to εἰς ἕκαστος, Romans 12:5 (where L T Tr WH τό καθ', as respects each one, severally; cf. what is said against this reading by Fritzsche, commentary, iii., p. 44f, and in its favor by Meyer); with a partitive genitive 3Macc. 5:84; εἰς καθ' (T WH Tr marginal reading κατά) εἰς, everyone, one by one, Mark 14:19; John 8:9; καθ' ἕνα, καθ' ἕν (as in Greek writings), of a series, one by one, successively: καθ' ἐν, all in succession, John 21:25 (not Tdf.); καθ' ἕνα πάντες, 1 Corinthians 14:31 (Xenophon, venat. 6, 14); καθ' ἕν ἕκαστον, Acts 21:19 (Xenophon, Cyril 1, 6, 22 (27); Ages. 7, 1); ὑμεῖς οἱ καθ' ἕνα ἕκαστος, ye severally, every one, Ephesians 5:33.

5. like the Hebrew אֶחָד, εἰς is put for the ordinal πρῶτος, first (Winers Grammar, § 37, 1; Buttmann, 29 (26)): μία σαββάτων the first day of the week, Matthew 28:1; Mark 16:2; Luke 24:1; John 20:1, 19; Acts 20:7; 1 Corinthians 16:2 (L T Tr WH μία σαββάτου); (in Greek writings so used only when joined with other ordinal numbers, as εἷς καί τριηκοστος, Herodotus 5, 89: Diodorus 16. 71. Cicero, de senect. 5uno et octogesimo anna. (Cf. Sophocles Lexicon, under the word)).


Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

εἷς ,

ιά , ἕν , gen. ἑνός , μιᾶς , ἑνός ,

cardinal numeral, one;

1. one, as opp. to many: Matthew 25:15, Romans 5:12, 1 Corinthians 10:8, al.; as subst., Romans 5:15, Ephesians 2:14; id. c. gen. partit., Matthew 5:19, al.; seq. ἐκ (ἐξ ), Mark 14:18, John 6:8, al.; metaph., of union and concord, John 10:30; John 17:11, Romans 12:4-5, Philippians 1:27; ἀπὸ μιᾶς (B1., § 44, 1), Luke 14:18; c. neg., εἷς . . . οὐ (μή ), more emphatic than οὐδείς , no one, none (cl.), Matthew 5:18; Matthew 10:29, Luke 11:46; Luke 12:6.

2. Emphatically, to the exclusion of others;

(a) a single (one): Matthew 21:24, Mark 8:14; absol., 1 Corinthians 9:24, al.; οὐδὲ εἷς , Matthew 27:14, John 1:3, Romans 3:10, al.;

(b) one, alone: Mark 2:7; Mark 10:18, Luke 18:19;

(c) one and the same: Romans 3:30, 1 Corinthians 3:8; 1 Corinthians 11:5; 1 Corinthians 12:11, 1 John 5:8.

3. In late Gk., with weakened force, = τις or indef. art. (of. Heb. H259, Genesis 22:13, al.; v. B1., § 45, 2; M, Pr., 96 f.): Matthew 8:19; Matthew 19:6, Revelation 8:13, al.; εἷς τις (Bl., l.c.), Luke 22:50, John 11:49.

4. Distributively: εἷς καστος (cl.), Luke 4:40, Acts 2:6, al.; εἷς . . . καὶ εἷς (cl., εἷς μὲν . . . εἷς δέ ), Matthew 17:4, Mark 9:5, John 20:12, al. (cf. LXX and use of Heb. H259, Exodus 17:12, al); ὁ εἷς . . . ὁ ἕτερος (ἄλλος ) = cl. ὁ μὲν (ἕτερος ) . . . ὁ δέ (ἕτερος ), Matthew 6:24, Luke 7:41, Revelation 17:10; καθ᾿ εἷς , εἷς κ . είς (in which καθ᾿ is adverbial, or the expression formed from the analogy of ἕν καθ᾿ ἔν ; M, Pr., 105), one by one, severally: Mark 14:19, Romans 12:5, al.; εἷς τὸν ἕνα = ἀλλήλους (B1., 45, 2; M, Pr., 246), 1 Thessalonians 5:11.

5. As ordinal = πρῶτος (like Heb. H259; Bl., § 45, 1; M, Pr., 95 f.), first: Matthew 28:1, Mark 16:2, al.


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

P Oxy VIII. 1153.14 (i/A.D.) καρποδέσμια μ ̣ικτὰ δύο, ἓν μὲν σανδύκινον καὶ ἓν πορφυροῦν, ";two variegated (?) wristbands, one scarlet and one purple"; (Ed.). For εἷς as an ordinal see BGU II. 623.4 (ii/iii A.D.) τῇ μιᾷ καὶ εἰκάιδι (l. εἰκάδι) τοῦ Ἐπίφ, and the full discussion of this vernacular Greek usage in Proleg. p. 95 f. In P Giss I. 19.10 (ii/A.D.) τῆι α ̄ [ἡμέρᾳ ] τοῦ νέου ἔτους : does the α ̄ help the substitution of μιᾷ for πρώτῃ ? Εἷς with a partit. gen. may be illustrated from the iv/A.D. Christian letter P Heid 6.18 (= Selections, p. 126) εἶς γὰρ ἰμεὶ (l. εἰμὶ) τῶν ἁμαρτουλον. The usage of εἷς = τις, as in Matthew 8:19, Luke 5:12; Luke 5:17 al., is well established, without any necessity of postulating Semitic influence (as Blass Gr. p. 144, WSchm. p. 243), e.g. P Amh II. 30.28 (ii/B.C.) Κονδύλου ἑνὸς τῶν ἁλιείων (sc. προσκληθέντος), BGU IV. 1044.6 (iv/A.D.) ἑνὸς (l. εἷς) λεγόμενον ̣ (l. ος) Φαῆσις : cf. Proleg. p. 97, where the use of ὁ εἶς in Mark 14:10 is also paralleled from early papyri, as P Par 15.50 (B.C. 120) τὸν ἕνα αὐτῶν Ὧρον, 54 τοῦ ἑνὸς τῶν ἐγκαλουμένων Νεχουθοῦ, P Tebt II. 357.10 (A.D. 197) τοῦ το [ ] ἑνὸς αὐτῶν Κρονίω [ν ]ος πατρός. Add. ib. 1 138 (late ii/B.C.) ὁ εἷς τῶν προγεγραμμένων Ὀννῶφρις, P Oxy VII. 1032.56 (A.D. 162) διὰ τοῦ ἑνὸς ἡμῶν Ἀμμωνίου ἐπιδεδώκαμεν. In P Oxy VI. 940.6 (V/A.D.) τὸν δὲ Φοιβάμμωνα τὸν φροντιστὴν μεταστειλάμενος ἔχε ἐγγὺς σοῦ μίαν μίαν, we seem at first sight to have an instance of the distributive use of εἶς, but, as the editors point out in their note, the context shows clearly that μίαν μίαν is here = ";together."; We may have a Semitism in the curious repetition εἷς καὶ εἷ [ς ] καὶ εἷς ἐν τόποις καὶ τόποις in P Amh I. 1xii. 14 f.—the Greek fragment of the Ascension of Isaiah. With John 11:52 cf. P Oxy XII. 1411.3 (A.D. 260) τῶν δημοσίων εἰς ἓν συναχθέντων. For the phrase τὸ καθ᾽ ἕν, cf. P Lille I. 11.8 (mid. iii/B.C.) where certain particulars regarding grain used by pastophori are headed—ἔστιν δὲ τὸ καθ᾽ ἕν, ";this is the list in detail,"; and similarly P Ryl II. 65.9 (B.C. 67?) ὧν τὸ καθ᾽ ἓν ἐπὶ τῆς [ ]σομένης [διεξα ]γωγῆς σημανθήσεται, ";the details of which will appear in the forthcoming inquiry"; (Edd.), ib. 127.15 (A.D. 29) ἤροσαν τῶν ἐμῶν ὧν τὸ καθ᾽ ἓν ὑπόκειται, ";they carried off property of mine of which a list is appended"; (Edd.). In ib. 233.10 (ii/A.D.) ὑφ᾽ ἓν γεγραμμένον = ";written continuously"; of an account. We may also note P Amh II. 87.21 (A.D. 125) ἐποίσεις μοι μέτρησιν μίαν Ἀθηναίῳ ἀντὶ μιᾶς δοχικῷ with reference to the measurement of artabae of wheat, the meaning of the phrase apparently being that half the artabae were to be on the standard of Athens and half on the δοχικόν standard : see the editors’ note, and cf. P Oxy IV. 740.17 (c. A.D. 200), P Strass I. 26.13 (iii/A.D.) al. Amongst the inscrr. in the Graeco-Roman Museum at Alexandria one, Preisigke 2685, bears the words—Εἷς θεός. See also P Leid Wvi. 46 (ii/iii A.D.) αὐθέντα ἥλιε, ὁ ὑπ᾽ αὐτὸν τὸν ἕνα καὶ μόνον τεταγμένος. MGr has ἕνας, μιά, ἕνα (ν).

 


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
εις εἴς εἷς εν ἕν ἓν ενα ένα ἕνα ενι ενί ένι ἑνί ἑνὶ ενος ενός ἑνός ἑνὸς καθ' μια μιά μιᾷ μία μιαν μίαν μιας μιάς μιᾶς eis eís en ena eni enos heis heîs hen hén hèn hena héna heni hení henì henos henós henòs mia mía miā̂i mian mían mias miâs
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