the Week of Proper 20 / Ordinary 25
Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #1359 - Διόσκουροι
- Castor and Pollux, were the twin sons of Jupiter and Leda, and were regarded as the tutelary divinities of sailors
Διόσκουροι (Phrynichus prefers the form Διόσκοροι; in earlier Attic the dual τῷ Διοσκόρω was more usual, cf. Lob. ad Phryn., p. 235), Διοσκορων, οἱ (from Διός of Zeus, and κοῦρος; or κόρος, boy, as κόρη, girl), Dioscuri, the name given to Castor and ((Polydeuces, the Roman)) Pollux, the twin sons of Zeus and Leda, tutelary deities of sailors: Acts 28:11 (R. V. The Twin Brothers; cf. B. D. under the word
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Διόσ -κουροι , -ων , οἱ
(Ion. and κοινή form of Att..., Διόσκοροι ; < Διός , gen. of Ζεύς + κόρος , a son), the Dioscuri
(Castor and Pollux), twin sons of Zeus and Leda (RV, The Twin Brothers): Acts 28:11.†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
On the form see Mayser Gr. p. 10 f., where it is shown that the divine name was regularly Διόσκοροι, the Attic form : Διοσκούριον occurs once, in P Petr III. 117(d ).24 (iii/B.C.) τοῦ [περὶ ] τὸ Διοσκούριον. The Ionic form with ου appears in Acts 28:11 practically without variant. It is noteworthy that the extremely common personal names derived from the Dioscuri—see above, s.v. Δίδυμος —take the forms Διόσκορος and Διοσκουρίδης, and the latter figures even in Attica (Meisterhans Gr. p. 27). Schweizer, Perg. p. 67, discusses the relation of the forms, which may be confidently assigned to dialect mixture. The suggestion is that Dioscorus and Dioscurides as personal names came in by different channels. See also Pauly-Wissowa v. col. 1141.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
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Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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