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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #1348 - δικαστής

from a derivative of (G1349)
Parts of Speech
Noun Masculine
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  1. a judge, arbitrator, umpire
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 8199 ‑ שָׁפַט (shaw‑fat');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (3)
Luke 1
Acts 2
NAS (2)
Acts 2
HCS (2)
Acts 2
BSB (2)
Acts 2
ESV (2)
Acts 2
WEB (3)
Luke 1
Acts 2
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

δῐκαστ-ής, οῦ, ὁ,


1. a judge, Hdt. 1.96, 3.14, 31, A. Ch. 120, Eu. 81, etc.

2. of stars, δ. τῶν ὅλων D.S. 2.31.

3. at Athens and elsewh., juror, S. Aj. 1136, etc.; opp. νομοθέτης, Lys. 14.4, cf. Antipho 1.23, X. Smp. 5.10.

II δ. αἵματος avenger, E. HF 1150.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

δικαστής, δικαστοῦ, (δικάζω), a judge, arbitrator, umpire: Luke 12:14 (here critical texts κριτήν); Acts 7:27 (from Exodus 2:14); Acts 7:35. (the Sept. for שֹׁפֵט; in Greek writings (Aeschylus and) Herodotus on.) [SYNONYMS: δικαστής, κριτής: according to etymol. and classic usage δικαστής is the more dignified and official term; κριτής gives prominence to the mental process, whether the 'judge' be a magistrate or not. Schmidt, chapter 18, 6.]

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

δικαστής , -οῦ ,

(< δικάζω ),

[in LXX for H8199;]

a judge: Acts 7:27; Acts 7:35 (LXX).†

SYN.: κριτής G2923, WH. "gives prominence to the mental process" (Thayer). δ . is the forensic term. In Attic law, the δικασταί were jurors, with a κριτής as presiding officer (LS, s.v.; Enc. Brit. 11, xii, 504 f.).

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

The word is found quater in P Petr I. 27, 28, fragmentary legal records of iii/B.C. In P Oxy III. 653 (time of Antoninus Pius), the account of a trial, the Praefect declares—εἴτε οὖν πάρεισιν οἱ ἀντίδικ [οι ] εἴτε μὴ πάρεισι, δικαστὴν λήμψονται ὃς παρακολουθῶν τῆι Ὁνοράτου κρίσει τὴν Κανωπῖτιν ἐξετάσει κτλ. : cf. ib. I. 67.17 (A.D. 338) καταλα [μ ]βάνοντες τὴν σὴν ἀρετὴν δ [εόμεθα συ ]νχωρηθῆναι δικα [στὴν ἡ ]μεῖν εἶναι Ἀέτιον τὸν προπολιτευόμενον, ";knowing your goodness, I beg you to allow Aëtius, ex-magistrate, to be judge in this matter"; (Edd.), P Lond 971.19 (iii/iv A.D.) (= III. p. 129). The importance of the office comes out in OGIS 499.3 (ii/A.D.) τῶν ἐκλέκτων ἐν ᾽Ρώμῃ δικαστῶν, 528.7 δι ]καστὴν ἐν Ῥώμ [. On the ἀρχιδικαστής, who seems to have occupied the position of a permanent judge at Alexandria, before whom parties in civil cases could elect to have their disputes tried, see Milne, Roman Egypt, p. 196 ff. P Lond 908.17 (A.D. 139) (= III. p. 132) mentions an ., and also (l..19) Εὐδαί ?]μονος δι [έπ ]οντος τὰ κατὰ τὴν ἀρχιδικάστειαν. The abstract figures without ἀρχι - in Michel 477.10 (mid. ii/B.C.) ἀπ [ολυθεί ]ς τε ἀπὸ τῆς δικαστείας ἐπεδήμησεν κτλ. For the δικαστήριον, as the Praefect’s tribunal or court, see P Strass I. 5.17, .19 (A.D. 262), P Oxy I. 59.11 (A.D. 292), P Amh II. 82.4, .19 (iii/iv.A.D .), etc. MGr δικαστἡς survives unchanged.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
δικασταί δικαστάς δικαστην δικαστήν δικαστὴν δικαστής dikasten dikastēn dikastḗn dikastḕn
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