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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #1278 - διαπονέω

from (G1223) and a derivative of (G4192)
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  1. to work out laboriously, make complete by labour
    1. to exert one's self, strive
    2. to manage with pains, accomplish with great labour
    3. to be troubled, displeased, offended, pained, to be worked up
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 6087 ‑ עָצַב (aw‑tsab');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (2)
Acts 2
NAS (4)
Acts 4
HCS (2)
Acts 2
BSB (2)
Acts 2
ESV (2)
Acts 2
WEB (2)
Acts 2
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions



1. work out with labour, elaborate, Isoc. 5.85; cultivate, practise, δ. γράμματα Pl. Lg. 810b, cf. R. 535c; τὰ πρὸς ἀγῶνας συντείνοντα Arist. Pol. 1341a11; exercise, σώματα X. Cyn. 4.10; σώματα δρόμοις καὶ πάλαις Plu. Lyc. 14; αὑτὸν Id. Dem. 5; στρατόν App. Syr. 43; τοὺς νέους Luc. Anach. 18: Med., διαπονεῖσθαι ἐπιτηδεύματα, τέχνας, Pl. Lg. 846d, cf. Phdr. 273e, X. Mem. 2.1.33: Pass., Pl. Criti. 118c, 326d, etc.; οἴκου.. οὐχ ὡς τὰ πρόσθ' ἄριστα διαπονουμένου managed, governed, A. Ag. 19; διαπονηθῆναι τὴν μουσικήν to be taught it thoroughly, Plu. Per. 4; διαπεπονημένοι veterans, D.S. 11.7; ὄψων.. περιττῶς διαπεπονημένων Plu. Luc. 40.

2. till or cultivate completely, χώραν Plb. 4.45.7: Pass., Hell.Oxy. 12.5.

3. Pass., to be worn out, troubled, Acts 4:2, Acts 16:18, POxy. 743.22 (i B.C.).

II intr., to work hard, δ. τῇ διανοίᾳ καὶ τῷ σώματι Arist. Pol. 1339a8, cf. Aristeas 92; περὶ τὸ σῶμα Arist. EN 1178a26; περὶ τὰ δημιουργικὰ τεχνήματα Pl. Lg. 846d: c. inf., δ. πᾶν ἰσόρροπον ποιεῖν X. Smp. 2.17: Med., δ. τὸ πᾶσαν πίστιν λαβεῖν Pl. Lg. 966c; δ. περὶ τὸν γόνον Arist. GA 759b1; οἱ διαπονούμενοι the hard-working, hardy, opp. ἄπονοι, X. Lac. 5.8; to be hard-worked, of hounds, Arr. Cyn. 32.1, al.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

διαπονέω: to work out laboriously, make complete by labor. Middle (present διαπονοῦμαι); with 1 aorist passive διεπονήθην (for which Attic writings διεπονησαμην);

a. to exert oneself, strive;

b. to manage with pains, accomplish with great labor; in secular authors in both senses (from Aeschylus down).

c. to be troubled, displeased, offended, pained, (cf. colloquial English to be worked up; Winer's Grammar, 23 (22)): Acts 4:2; Acts 16:18. (Aq. in Genesis 6:6; 1 Samuel 20:30; the Sept. in Ecclesiastes 10:9 for נֶעֱצַב; Hesychius διαπονηθείς; λυπηθείς.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

δια -πονέω , - ,

[in LXX: Ecclesiastes 10:9 (H6087 ni.), 2 Maccabees 2:28; in Aq.: Genesis 6:6, 1 Samuel 20:3 *;]

to work out with labour. Pass., to be worn out, sore troubled: Mark 14:4 (WH, mg.), Acts 4:2; Acts 16:18.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

For δ., as in Acts 4:2; Acts 16:18, cf. P Oxy IV. 743.22 (B.C. 2) ἐγὼ ὅλος διαπον [ο ]ῦμαι, ";I am quite upset"; (Edd.). For the verb in its more ordinary sense of ";work laboriously,"; see Arist. 92 πάντες γὰρ αὐτοκελεύστως διαπονοῦσι πολλῆς γινομένης κακοπαθείας.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
διαπονηθεις διαπονηθείς διαπονηθεὶς διαπονηθήσεται διαπονουμενοι διαπονούμενοι diaponetheis diaponetheìs diaponētheis diaponētheìs diaponoumenoi diaponoúmenoi