the Week of Proper 4 / Ordinary 9
Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #12 - ἄβυσσος
- the abyss
- the pit
- the immeasurable depth
- of Orcus, a very deep gulf or chasm in the lowest parts of the earth used as the common receptacle of the dead and especially as the abode of demons
I bottomless, unfathomed, πηγαί Hdt. 2.28; ἄτης ἄβυσσον πέλαγος A. Supp. 470; χάσματα E. Ph. 1605; λίμνη Ar. Ra. 137: generally, unfathomable, boundless, πλοῦτος A. Th. 948; ἀργύριον Ar. Lys. 174; φρένα Δίαν καθορᾶν, ὄψιν ἄβυσσον A. Supp. 1058.
II ἡ ἄ. the great deep, LXX Genesis 1:2, etc.: the abyss, underworld, Luke 8:31, Romans 10:7, Revelation 9:1, etc.; the infinite void, PMag.Par. 1.1120, cf. PMag.Lond. 121.261.
ἄβυσσος, in classic Greek an adjective, (ος, (from ὁ βύσσος equivalent to βυθός), bottomless (so perhaps in Wis. 10:19), unbounded (πλοῦτος ἄβυσσος, Aeschylus, the Sept. (931) 950). in the Scriptures ἡ ἄβυσσος (the Sept. for תְּהום) namely, χώρα, the pit, the immeasurable depth, the abyss. Hence, of 'the deep' sea: Genesis 1:2; Genesis 7:11; Deuteronomy 8:7; Sir. 1:3 Sir. 16:18, etc.; of Orcus (a very deep gulf or chasm in the lowest parts of the earth: Psalm 70:20
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ἄ -βυσσος , -ον
(<Ion. βυσσός = βυθός ),
1. in cl., boundless, bottomless (e.g. ἄ . πέλαγος , ἄ . πλοῦτος , Æsch.).
2. [In LXX (for H8415, Genesis 1:2, al.; exc. Isaiah 44:27, Job 41:22 for H6683, H4688, Job 36:16 for H7338) and] NT, as subst. (MM, VGT, s.v.), ἡ ἄ . (sc. χώρα ), the abyss;
(a) of the sea (Genesis 1:2);
(b) of the underworld, as the abode of the dead: Romans 10:7 (a paraphrase of Deuteronomy 30:13 LXX); as the abode of demons, Luke 8:31 Revelation 9:1-2; Revelation 9:11 Revelation 11:7 Revelation 17:8; Revelation 20:1-3 (Cremer, 2).†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
As a substantive (Romans 10:7, Revelation 9:1 etc.) ἄ. is common in the magic papyri, e.g. P Lond 121.261 (iii/A.D.) ( = I. p. 93) ἐπὶ τῆς ἀβύσσου, ib..517 ( = I. p. 100) τῇ καλουμένῃ ἀβύσσῳ. See also Nägeli, p. 46.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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