the Week of Proper 4 / Ordinary 9
Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #119 - ἄθλησις
- to contest, to combat, to strive, struggle, hard trial
1. contest, combat, esp. of athletes, Plb. 5.64.6, SIG 1073.24 (Olympia), IG 14.1102: pl., Phld. Mus. p.14 K.; κατὰ τὴν ἄ. 'in the athletic world', CPHerm. 119[*]iii 13 (iii A. D.); training, practice, D.S. 3.33.
2. generally, struggle, trial, ἄ. ὑπομένειν Hebrews 10:32.
ἄθλησις, (εως, ἡ, contest, combat, (frequently from Polybius down); figuratively, ἄθλησις παθημάτων a struggle with sufferings, trials, Hebrews 10:32; (of martyrdom, Ignatius mart. 4; Clement, mart. 25).
STRONGS NT 119a: ἀθροίζω ἀθροίζω: perfect passive participle ἠθροισμένος; (from ἀθρόος, equivalent to θρόος (a noisy crowd, noise), with a copulative (see A, a, 2)); to collect together, assemble; passive to be assembled, to convene: Luke 24:33 L T Tr WH. ((Sophocles) Xenophon, Plato, Polybius, Photius, others; O. T. Apocrypha; sometimes in the Sept. for קָבַץ.) (Compare: ἐπαθροίζω, συναθροίζω).
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*† ἄθλησις , -εως , ἡ
a contest, combat, esp. of athletes; fig., a struggle: Hebrews 10:32 (for exx., v. MM, VGT, s.v.).†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
IG XIV. 1102 (Rome, ii/A.D.). CP Herm 119 verso iii. 13 (a rescript of Gallienus), εὐδοκίμων κατὰ τὴν ἄθλησ [ιν ] γενομένων. Syll 686.24 (ii/A.D.) ἀξίως καὶ τοῦ Διὸς τοῦ Ὀλυμπίου καὶ τῆς ἀθλήσεως. Other words of this family are well evidenced. Thus OGIS 339.79 (Sestos, ii/B.C.) τιθεὶς ἆθλα πάντων τῶν ἀθλημάτων, with ἀθλητής, ἀθλόφορος, etc.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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