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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #1067 - γέεννα
- Hell is the place of the future punishment call "Gehenna" or "Gehenna of fire". This was originally the valley of Hinnom, south of Jerusalem, where the filth and dead animals of the city were cast out and burned; a fit symbol of the wicked and their future destruction.
γέεννα, ης, ἡ,
Hebr. gé-hinnóm, the valley of Hinnom, which represented the place of future punishment, Matthew 5:22, al.
(γέενα , Mark 9:45, Rec.), -ης , ἡ ,
[in LXX the nearest approach to γ . is γαίεννα , Joshua 18:16 (Γαὶ Ὁννόμ , A), elsewhere φάραγξ Ὁνόμ (Joshua 15:8, a1.), v. Swete on Mark 9:43;]
Gehenna, a valley W. and S. of Jerusalem, which as the site of fire-worship from the time of Ahaz, was desecrated by Josiah and became a dumping-place for the offal of the city. Later, the name was used as a symbol of the place of future punishment, as in NT: Matthew 5:29-30; Matthew 10:28, Mark 9:43-47, Luke 12:5, James 3:6; γ . τ . πυρός , Matthew 5:22; Matthew 18:19, prob. with ref. to fires of Moloch (DB, ii, 119b); υἱὸς γεέννης , Matthew 23:15; κρίσις γεέννης , Matthew 23:33.†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
This Hellenized form, derived from the Heb. גֵּיהִנֹּם by dropping the m, is one of those ";specific Jewish ideas"; (Thumb Hellen. p. 118) which naturally we cannot illustrate from our sources. We may cite Orac. Sib. I. 103 εἰς γέεναν μαλεροῦ λάβρου πυρὸς ἀκαμάτοιο : the spelling here demanded by the metre is found in Mark 9:47 D, ib. .45 E al.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
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