Click to donate today!
The 1901 Jewish Encyclopedia
Rendering in the Authorized Version of the Hebrew word "áºab" (Leviticus 11:29; see LIZARD). Some commentators assume "gallim" in Hosea 12:12 to mean "tortoises," a view which has the support of the Septuagint, the Peshiá¹ta, and old Arabic versions. Two species of land tortoise, Testudo grÃ¦ca and Testudo leithii, and several of the aquatic tortoises have been found in Palestine. Of the latter the Emys caspica is the most numerous.
The Talmud uses "áºab" and also "zabuni" to denote the toad (á¹¬oh. i). In Ber. 33a it is said that the water-snake is the issue of the toad and the snake. The tortoise is assumed to be intended in and in Nid. 17a and Gen. R. 57:2.
- Tristram, Nat. Hist. p. 255;
- Lewysohn, Z. T. p. 232.
These files are public domain.
Singer, Isidore, Ph.D, Projector and Managing Editor. Entry for 'Tortoise'. 1901 The Jewish Encyclopedia. https://www.studylight.org/encyclopedias/eng/tje/t/tortoise.html. 1901.