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Bible Encyclopedias

The 1901 Jewish Encyclopedia

Tartan

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Title of an Assyrian official; twice mentioned in the Bible. A tartan, accompanied by a "rabsaris" and a "rab-shakeh," was sent to Jerusalem by Sennacherib to command Hezekiah to surrender the city (2 Kings 18:17); and another is mentioned as Sargon's envoy to Ashdod in the year of a prophecy of Isaiah (Isaiah 20:1). The title was borne only by the two generals next to the king; thus there were a "tartanu rabu" (great tartan) and a "tartanu shanu" (second tartan). It is no longer possible to identify the tartans mentioned in the Bible, although the names of three of these officials are known: Ashur-isku (?)-udannim in 720 (the first year of Sargon's reign), Ilu-ittea in 694 (the beginning of the reign of Sennacherib), and Bel-emuranni in 686.

Bibliography:
  • Delitzsch, Assyriologisches Handwörterbuch.
S.
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Bibliography Information
Singer, Isidore, Ph.D, Projector and Managing Editor. Entry for 'Tartan'. 1901 The Jewish Encyclopedia. https://www.studylight.org/encyclopedias/eng/tje/t/tartan.html. 1901.

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