the Week of Proper 3 / Ordinary 8
The 1901 Jewish Encyclopedia
Either the distinction or excellence manifested by a man, or the mark of distinction accorded to him. "Kabod," when a manifestation of God, is translated "glory" (Exodus 16:10, and elsewhere); occasionally also when predicated of man (Psalms 62:7; Proverbs 3:35); but when coupled with "hod" (= "glory") it is rendered "honor" (Psalms 29:2; Malachi 1:6). From God comes honor to man (1 Chronicles 29:12; Psalms 8:6 [A. V. 5]; 1 Kings 3:13; Daniel 5:18). Honor comes through wisdom (Proverbs 3:16, 4:8) and fear of the Lord (ib. 22:4). "Before honor is humility" (Proverbs 15:33, 18:12); the humble in spirit upholds it (Proverbs 29:33). Honor is due to God (Proverbs 3:9; Malachi 1:6; comp. Isaiah 29:13; Proverbs 14:31), to parents (Exodus 20:12), to the aged (Leviticus 19:32), to the Sabbath (Isaiah 58:13), and to those that fear the Lord (Psalms 15:4).
Ben Sira (Ecclesiasticus) enlarges upon the idea of honor: the honor of parents ("Take not honor to thyself by the shame of thy father, for it is no honor to thee"; 3:10, Greek); the honor of the priest (7:31); the honor of those that fear the Lord, whose honor is greater than that of judges and potentates (10:19-24); the honor of self, or self-respect (10:28-31, 41:12). God being the source of all glory and honor (1 Chronicles 16:27; Psalms 96:6, 104:1), man, endowed by Him with honor (Psalms 8:5-6), claims honor or recognition by his fellow man. "Let the honor of thy fellow man be as near to thee as thine own" (Abot 2:10; see especially Ab. R. N. , Recension A; , Recension B [ed. Schechter, p. 60]). "Who is honored? He that honors mankind; for it is said, 'For them that honor me I will honor'" (1 Samuel 2:30; Abot 4:1). "Great is the honor due to mankind; it supersedes a prohibition of the Law" (Ber. 19b; comp. B. K. 79b). "He who seeks honor by the shame of his fellow man has no share in the world to come" (Gen. R.; comp. Meg. 28a). "He who honors the Torah is honored by mankind"; "Selfish desire for honor is one of the things that drive man out of the world" (Abot 4:4,6,21). On the other hand, true honor "is one of the things befitting the righteous and of benefit to the world" (Abot 6:8).
Honor is, above all, due to God, whose glory (honor) fills the world (Ber. 43b; Yoma 38a; á¸¤ag. 11b). Similar to the honor of God are the honor of parents (Yer. Peah 1:15c; Sifra, á¸²edoshim,; á¸²id. 30 et seq.) and the honor of the teachers of the Law (á¸²id. 32b et seq.; Shab. 114a); even if the latter be wiser in but one thing, honor is due them (Abot 6:3; Pes. 113b); even a teacher who has forgotten his learning is entitled to honor (Ber. 8b). Honor is due to the assembly (Yoma 70a; Soá¹ah 39b; M. á¸²;. 21b); to pupils and associates (Abot 4:12); to the wife (B. M. 59a; á¸¤ul. 44b); to oneself, through cleanliness (see Hillel in Lev. R. ) and proper garments (Shab. 113b), as well as through the labor which renders man independent (Ned. 49b). "It is not the place that honors the man, but the man that honors the place" (Ta'an. 21b).
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Singer, Isidore, Ph.D, Projector and Managing Editor. Entry for 'Honor'. 1901 The Jewish Encyclopedia. https://www.studylight.org/​encyclopedias/​eng/​tje/​h/honor.html. 1901.