the Fourth Week of Lent
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
Witness of the Spirit
This phrase arises from the words of Romans 8:16 : "The Spirit himself beareth witness with our spirit, that we are children of God." With this may be grouped, as illustrative, 1 John 5:10 : "he that believeth on the Son of God hath the witness in him." in interpreting, we may approach the former passage through the latter. To the man who "believeth on the Son of God," so as to prove him by reliance , He becomes self-evidential in experience, verifying himself to the believer as the divine response to his whole spiritual need. Thus, believed on as the Son , he awakens in the soul which he embraces the filial attitude toward God, the cry, "Abba, Father." On the other side the Spirit, both in the written Word (e.g. John 1:12 ) and in his secret converse with the believer in the life of faith, assures him of the paternal love toward him, as toward a "dear child," (Ephesians 5:1 ) of the Father of his Lord. There is thus a concurrent "witnessing." The believer's spirit says, "Thou art my Father"; the Spirit, says to the believer's spirit, "Thou art His child." We may compare Romans 5:5 : "The love of God hath been shed abroad in our hearts through the Holy Spirit."
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Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. Entry for 'Witness of the Spirit'. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia. https://www.studylight.org/​encyclopedias/​eng/​isb/​w/witness-of-the-spirit.html. 1915.