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International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
hwēt ((1) חטּה , ḥiṭṭāh , the specific word for wheat ( Genesis 30:14; Exodus 34:22 , etc.), with πυρός , purós (Judith 3:3; Sirach 39:26); (2) בּר , bar , or בּר , bār (Jeremiah 23:28; Joel 2:24; Amos 5:11; Amos 8:6 ); in other passages translated "grain" or "corn"; (3) σῖτος , sı́tos (Matthew 3:12; Matthew 13:25 , Matthew 13:29 , Matthew 13:30; Luke 3:17; Luke 16:7; Luke 22:31 , etc.) (for other words translated occasionally "wheat" in the King James Version see CORN; FOOD )): Wheat, usually the bearded variety, is cultivated all over Palestine, though less so than barley. The great plain of the Hauran is a vast expanse of wheat fields in the spring; considerable quantities are exported via Beirut, Haifa, and Gaza. The "wheat harvest" was in olden times one of the regular divisions of the year (Exodus 34:22; Judges 15:1; 1 Samuel 12:17 ); it follows the barley harvest (Exodus 9:31 , Exodus 9:32 ), occurring in April, May or June, according to the altitude.
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Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. Entry for 'Wheat'. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia. https://www.studylight.org/encyclopedias/eng/isb/w/wheat.html. 1915.