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International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
a -dō -nī -zē´dek ( אדניצדק , 'ădhōnıcedheḳ , "lord of righteousness"): King of Jerusalem at the time of the conquest of Canaan (Joshua 10:1 ). When he heard of the fall of Ai and the submission of the Gibeonites, he entered into a league with four other kings to resist Joshua and Israel, and to punish Gibeon (Joshua 10:3 , Joshua 10:4 ), but was overthrown by Joshua in a memorable battle (Joshua 10:12-14 ). Adoni-zedek and his four allies were shut up in a cave, while the battle lasted, and afterward were taken out by Joshua's order, put to death and hanged on trees (Joshua 10:22-27 ). It is noticeable that the name is almost the equivalent of Melchizedek, מלכּיצדק , malkı̄cedheḳ , "king of righteousness," who was ruler of Jerusalem in the time of Abraham.
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Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. Entry for 'Adoni-Zedek'. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia. https://www.studylight.org/encyclopedias/eng/isb/a/adoni-zedek.html. 1915.