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Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary
a station of the Israelites, to which they returned again after thirty-eight years, is said to be in the wilderness of Zin, Numbers 13:21; Numbers 20:1; Deuteronomy 32:51; but in the wilderness of Paran, Numbers 12:16 . In the Itinerary it is simply called Rithmah, "the wilderness." Dr. Hales observes, that Wells, Shaw, the authors of the "Universal History," &c, have greatly perplexed and obscured the geography of this Itinerary, by supporting that there were two places of this name distinct from each other. They consider the latter of them as situated on the western side of Mount Hor, toward the land of Canaan, and thus confound it with that Kadesh in the land of the Philistines, where Abraham sojourned, Genesis 16:13; Genesis 20:1 . But that it lay on the east side of Mount Hor, is evident; for why should Moses send messengers from Kadesh to the king of Edom, requesting permission to pass through his territories in the way to Canaan, if they were already at the verge of Palestine Numbers 20:14 ? This application, however, was necessary if his territories were situated between Canaan and the Israelites. The true situation of Kadesh is ascertained beyond a doubt, from its lying between Mount Hor and Ezion-Geber, on the Elanitic Gulf, Numbers 33:35-37 .
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Watson, Richard. Entry for 'Kadesh-Barnea'. Richard Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/wtd/k/kadesh-barnea.html. 1831-2.
the Week of Proper 8 / Ordinary 13