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Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary
splendour, magnificence. The glory of God in the writings of Moses, denotes, generally, the divine presence; as when he appeared on Mount Sinai; or, the bright cloud which declared his presence, and descended on the tabernacle of the congregation, Exodus 24:9-10; Exodus 24:16-17 . Moses, with Aaron, Nadab, Abihu, and seventy elders of Israel, went up to Mount Sinai, and "saw the glory of the Lord." Now "the glory of the Lord was, as it were, a burning fire on the mountain; and under his feet was, as it were, the brightness of the sapphire stone, resembling heaven itself in clearness." The glory of the Lord appeared to Israel in the cloud also, when he gave them manna and quails, Exodus 16:7; Exodus 16:10 . Moses having earnestly begged of God to show his glory to him, God said, "Thou canst not see my face, for there shall no man see me and live. And the Lord said, There is a place by me, and thou shalt stand upon a rock: and it shall come to pass, while my glory passeth by, that I will put thee in the cleft of the rock, and will cover thee with my hand while I pass by; and I will take away my hand, and thou shalt see my back parts:" (the train, the fainter rays of the glory:) "but my face shall not be seen," Exodus 33:18 . The ark of God is called the glory of Israel; and the glory of God, 1 Samuel 4:21-22; Psalms 26:8 . The priestly ornaments are called "garments of glory," Exodus 28:2; Exodus 28:40; and the sacred vessels, "vessels of glory," 1Ma_2:9; 1Ma_2:12 . Solomon "in all his glory," in all his lustre, in his richest ornaments, was not so beautifully arrayed as a lily, Matthew 6:29; Luke 12:27 . When the prophets describe the conversion of the Gentiles, they speak of the "glory of the Lord" as filling the earth; that is, his knowledge shall universally prevail, and he shall be every where worshipped and glorified. The term "glory" is used also of the Gospel dispensation by St. Paul; and to express the future felicity of the saints in heaven. When the Hebrews required an oath of any man, they said, "Give glory to God:" confess the truth, give him glory, confess that God knows the most secret thoughts, the very bottom of your hearts,
Joshua 7:19; John 9:24 .
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Watson, Richard. Entry for 'Glory'. Richard Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/wtd/g/glory.html. 1831-2.