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Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary
שבו , Exodus 28:19; Exodus 39:12 . In the Septuagint αχατης , and Vulgate, achates. A precious stone, semi-pellucid. Its variegations are sometimes most beautifully disposed, representing plants, trees, rivers, clouds, &c. Its Hebrew name is, perhaps, derived from the country whence the Jews imported it; for the merchants of Sheba brought to the market of Tyre all kinds of precious stones, Ezekiel 27:22 . The agate was the second stone in the third row of the pectoral of the high priest, Exodus 28:19; Exodus 39:12 .
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Watson, Richard. Entry for 'Agate'. Richard Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/wtd/a/agate.html. 1831-2.