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Smith's Bible Dictionary
Haz'a-el. (whom God sees). A king of Damascus, who reigned from about B.C. 886 to B.C. 840. He appears to have been, previously, a person in a high position, at the court of Ben-hadad, and was sent by his master to Elisha, to inquire if he would recover from the malady, under which he was suffering. Elisha's answer led to the murder of Ben-hadad, by his ambitious servant, who forthwith mounted the throne. 2 Kings 8:7-15. He was soon engaged in war, with the kings of Judah and Israe, l for the possession of the city of Ramoth-gilead. 2 Kings 8:28.
Towards the close of the reign of Jehu, Hazael led the Syrians against the Israelites, (about B.C. 860), whom he "smote in all their coasts," 2 Kings 10:32, thus accomplishing the prophecy of Elisha. 2 Kings 8:12. At the close of his life, having taken Gath, 2 Kings 12:17. Compare Amos 6:2. He proceeded to attack Jerusalem, 2 Chronicles 24:24, and was about to assault the city, when Joash bribed him to retire. 2 Kings 12:18. Hazael appears to have died about the year B.C. 840, 2 Kings 13:24, having reigned forty-six years.
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Smith, William, Dr. Entry for 'Hazael'. Smith's Bible Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/sbd/h/hazael.html. 1901.