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Bible Dictionaries

1910 New Catholic Dictionary

Literature, Catholic Latin

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Term applied to those writings of the Christian era which are composed in Latin, are peculiar to the Church in the West, and whose contents are Christian, as opposed to pagan, in spirit. This literature falls into two periods.

(1) From the 1st-5th century, when it appears intensely practical in nature, oratorical and moral in tone, and consists mainly of apologies, chronicles, translations, and catalogues of cemeteries, bishops, and martyrs. Writers of this period are:

  • Pope Saint Leo I
  • Saint Ambrose of Milan
  • Saint Augustine of Hippo
  • Saint Cassian
  • Saint Cyprian
  • Saint Eusebius of Vercelli
  • Saint Hilary of Arles
  • Saint Hilary of Poitiers
  • Saint Jerome
  • Saint Patrick
  • Saint Peter Chrysologus
  • Saint Prudentius
  • Saint Rufinus
  • Saint Sulpicius Severus
  • Saint Victorinus of Pettau
  • Saint Zeno of Verona
  • Arnobius
  • Firmicus Maternus
  • Gennadius
  • Juvencus
  • Lactantius
  • Lucifer of Cagliari
  • Minucius Felix
  • Novatian
  • Optatus of Mileve
  • Phaebadius of Agen
  • Tertullian
  • Vincent of Lerins

(2) From the 6th-17th century, when the literature manifests itself in drama and poetry. The drama, an outgrowth of Church liturgy, included such writers as

  • Andreas Fabricius
  • Beccadelli
  • Bruni
  • Cornelius Crocus
  • Cornelius Laurimanus
  • Dati
  • De Loches
  • Filelfo
  • Hannardus Gamerius
  • Holonius
  • Jacob Locher
  • Johann von Kitzcher
  • Levin Brecht
  • Mussato
  • Poggio
  • Reuchlin
  • Wimpfeling

Among the poets of this period may be mentioned:

  • Adam Widl
  • Famian Strada
  • Hieronymus Petrucci
  • Hosschius
  • Jacob Masen
  • Johannes Dantiscus
  • John Bissel
  • John Salmon
  • Nicola Avancini
  • Nicolaus Copernicus
  • Robert Bellarmine
  • Sarbiewski
  • Simon Rettenbacher
  • Tarquinius Galuzzi
  • Vida

The writers of the neo-Latin epic included:

  • Saint Alcuin
  • Saint Aldhelm
  • Saint Boniface
  • Saint Columbanus
  • Saint Thomas More
  • Venerable Bede
  • Balde
  • Dante Alighieri
  • Flodoard
  • Hildebert of Tours
  • Hroswitha
  • John of Salisbury
  • Maffeo Vegio
  • Marbod
  • Petrarch
  • Sadolet
  • Theodulf the Goth
  • Venantius Fortunatus
  • Walafrid Strabo
  • the five Ekkehards
  • the four Notkers

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Bibliography Information
Entry for 'Literature, Catholic Latin'. 1910 New Catholic Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/ncd/l/literature-catholic-latin.html. 1910.

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