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Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible
MARKET, MARKETPLACE. The former is found in OT in Ezekiel 27:13; Ezekiel 27:17 etc. as the rendering of a collective noun signifying ‘articles of exchange,’ hence RV [Note: Revised Version.] throughout ‘ merchandise ,’ this last in Ezekiel 27:15 being AV [Note: Authorized Version.] rendering of another word for which RV [Note: Revised Version.] gives ‘ mart .’ In NT ‘market’ has disappeared from RV [Note: Revised Version.] in favour of the uniform ‘marketplace’ (Gr. agora ). Here we must distinguish between the ‘markets’ of Jerusalem ( Matthew 11:16 , Mark 7:4 etc.), which were simply streets of shops the ‘bazaars’ of a modern Eastern city, and the ‘market’ (AV [Note: Authorized Version.] ) or ‘marketplace’ (RV [Note: Revised Version.] ) of a Greek city ( Acts 16:19; Acts 17:17 ). The latter was the centre of the public life of the city, and was a large open space adorned with colonnades and statues, and surrounded by temples and other public buildings.
A. R. S. Kennedy.
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Hastings, James. Entry for 'Market, Marketplace'. Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/hdb/m/market-marketplace.html. 1909.
the Week of Proper 7 / Ordinary 12