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Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible
JESHURUN . A poetic or a pet-name for Israel which occurs four times in the OT ( Deuteronomy 32:15; Deuteronomy 33:5; Deuteronomy 33:26 , Isaiah 44:2 ). It is found in the later writings, and represents a patriotic feeling that Israel was = yashar-Ei , ‘the upright of God.’ If this be so, then we may accept the rendering of Jeshurun as the ‘righteous little people.’ In Balaam’s elegy,’ Let me die the death of the righteous’ seems to refer to the Israel of the preceding clause, and in Psalms 83:1 the thought which underlies Jeshurun appears, if we adopt the tempting reading: ‘Truly God is good to the upright.’
W. F. Cobb.
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Hastings, James. Entry for 'Jeshurun'. Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/hdb/j/jeshurun.html. 1909.