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Fausset's Bible Dictionary
Trumpets, Feast of
Numbers 29:1-6; Leviticus 23:24, "a memorial of blowing of trumpets." (See .) Besides the daily sacrifices and the eleven victims of the new moon, the ordinary feast of the first day of the month, there were offered a young bullock, a ram, and seven first year lambs, with meat offerings and a kid for a sin offering, it was one of the seven days of holy convocation, moadim; the other new moons were not, like it, days of sacred rest and convocation, though they were marked by a blowing of trumpets over the burnt offerings. Both kinds of trumpets, the straight trumpet (chatsotsrah ) and the cornet (shophar and qeren ), were blown in the temple, and it was "a day of blowing of trumpets." Psalms 81:3 (which modern Jews use for the feast of trumpets) does not refer to "the new moon"; translated as Hengstenberg "blow the horn in the month at the full moon" (keseh , KJV less well "at the time appointed"); Psalms 81:5-7; Psalms 81:10 show the Passover is referred to.
This feast of trumpets prepared for the day of atonement on the tenth day; compare Joel 2:15, "blow the trumpet ... sanctify a fast, call a solemn assembly." It was the new year day of the civil year, the first of Tisri (about October), commencing the sabbatical year and year of Jubilee. The month being that for sowing, as well as ingathering of the last ripe fruits, its first day was appropriately made commemorative of creation grain, pleted, when "all the sons of God shouted for joy" (Job 38:7), the birthday of the world. See Leviticus 25:9, "cause the sound of the cornet (shophar ) to go through" (the land).
As the sound of the cornet signalized Jehovah's descent on Sinai to take Israel into covenant, so the same sound at the close of the day of atonement announced the year which restored Israel to the freedom and blessings of the covenant (Exodus 19:16-49). The trumpets' sound imaged God's voice and word (Isaiah 58:1; Hosea 8:1; Zephaniah 1:16; Revelation 1:10; Revelation 4:1). So at Christ's coming in glory (Matthew 24:31; 1 Corinthians 15:52; 1 Thessalonians 4:16). This feast of trumpets reminds the people of their covenant, and puts God in remembrance of His promises (Isaiah 43:26; Numbers 10:9). So if we would have great measures of grace we must rouse all our energies and aspirations, and cry mightily with trumpet voice to God.
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Fausset, Andrew R. Entry for 'Trumpets, Feast of'. Fausset's Bible Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/fbd/t/trumpets-feast-of.html. 1949.
the Week of Proper 14 / Ordinary 19