Lectionary Calendar
Wednesday, February 28th, 2024
the Second Week of Lent
There are 32 days til Easter!
Attention!
We are taking food to Ukrainians still living near the front lines. You can help by getting your church involved.
Click to donate today!

Bible Commentaries
Jeremiah 34

Treasury of Scripture KnowledgeTreasury of Scripture Knowledge

Introduction

Overview

Jeremiah 34:1, Jeremiah prophesies the captivity of Zedekiah and the city; Jeremiah 34:8, The princes and the people having dismissed their bond-servants, contrary to the covenant of God, re-assume them; Jeremiah 34:12, Jeremiah, for their disobedience, gives them and Zedekiah into the hands of their enemies.

Verse 1

am 3415, bc 589

The word: This chapter contains two discourses, one concerning the taking of the city, and Zedekiah's captivity and death, Jeremiah 34:1-7, and the other containing an invective against the inhabitants of Jerusalem for retaining their Hebrew slaves, Jeremiah 34:8-22, both of which were delivered in the tenth year of Zedekiah.

when: Jeremiah 34:7, Jeremiah 32:2, Jeremiah 39:1-3, Jeremiah 52:4-11, 2 Kings 25:1-9, 2 Chronicles 36:12-17

all the kingdoms: Jeremiah 1:15, Jeremiah 27:5-7, Daniel 2:37, Daniel 2:38, Daniel 4:1, Daniel 4:22, Daniel 5:19

of his dominion: Heb. the dominion of his hand

Reciprocal: Jeremiah 1:3 - unto the end Zechariah 14:2 - gather

Verse 2

Go: Jeremiah 22:1, Jeremiah 22:2, Jeremiah 37:1-4, 2 Chronicles 36:11, 2 Chronicles 36:12

Behold: Jeremiah 34:22, Jeremiah 21:4, Jeremiah 21:10, Jeremiah 32:3, Jeremiah 32:28, Jeremiah 32:29, Jeremiah 37:8-10, Jeremiah 38:23, Jeremiah 39:8

Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 28:55 - in the siege 2 Kings 25:1 - in the ninth Jeremiah 38:18 - then Jeremiah 39:16 - Behold Jeremiah 52:7 - the city

Verse 3

And thou: Jeremiah 34:21, Jeremiah 21:7, Jeremiah 32:4, Jeremiah 37:17, Jeremiah 38:18, Jeremiah 39:4, Jeremiah 39:5, Jeremiah 52:7-9, 2 Kings 25:4, 2 Kings 25:5

and thine: Jeremiah 39:6, Jeremiah 39:7, Jeremiah 52:10, Jeremiah 52:11, 2 Kings 25:6, 2 Kings 25:7, Ezekiel 12:13, Ezekiel 17:18-20, Ezekiel 21:25

he shall speak with thee mouth to mouth: Heb. his mouth shall speak to thy mouth

Reciprocal: 2 Kings 25:1 - in the ninth Jeremiah 1:18 - against Jeremiah 25:35 - the shepherds Jeremiah 32:3 - Behold Jeremiah 39:16 - Behold Ezekiel 17:15 - shall he escape Ezekiel 17:16 - even

Verse 4

Reciprocal: 2 Chronicles 18:18 - hear the word Jeremiah 2:4 - Hear ye Jeremiah 7:2 - Hear Jeremiah 32:5 - until Hosea 4:1 - Hear

Verse 5

But thou: 2 Kings 22:20, 2 Chronicles 34:28, Ezekiel 17:16

and with: 2 Chronicles 16:14, 2 Chronicles 21:19

so: Daniel 2:46

and they: Jeremiah 22:18, 2 Chronicles 21:20, Lamentations 4:20

Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 31:12 - burnt them there Jeremiah 27:22 - carried Jeremiah 32:5 - until

Verse 6

1 Samuel 3:18, 1 Samuel 15:16-24, 2 Samuel 12:7-12, 1 Kings 21:19, 1 Kings 22:14, Ezekiel 2:7, Matthew 14:4, Acts 20:27

Verse 7

fought against: Jeremiah 34:1, Jeremiah 4:5, Jeremiah 8:14, Jeremiah 11:12, Deuteronomy 28:52

Lachish: Joshua 10:3, Joshua 10:11, Joshua 12:11, Joshua 15:35, Joshua 15:39, 2 Kings 18:13, 2 Kings 18:14, 2 Kings 19:8, Micah 1:13

for: 2 Chronicles 11:5-10, 2 Chronicles 27:4

Reciprocal: Exodus 8:15 - saw Joshua 10:10 - Azekah 1 Samuel 17:1 - Azekah

Verse 8

had: 2 Kings 11:17, 2 Kings 23:2, 2 Kings 23:3, 2 Chronicles 15:12-15, 2 Chronicles 23:16, 2 Chronicles 29:10, 2 Chronicles 34:30-33, Nehemiah 9:38, Nehemiah 10:1-27

to proclaim: Jeremiah 34:14, Jeremiah 34:17, Exodus 21:2-4, Exodus 23:10, Exodus 23:11, Leviticus 25:10, Leviticus 25:39-46, Deuteronomy 15:12, Nehemiah 5:1-13, Isaiah 61:1

Reciprocal: Exodus 8:8 - and I will 2 Kings 25:1 - in the ninth Nehemiah 5:12 - I called Isaiah 58:6 - to loose Jeremiah 34:15 - ye had

Verse 9

Hebrew: Genesis 14:13, Genesis 40:15, Exodus 2:6, Exodus 3:18, Deuteronomy 15:12, 1 Samuel 4:6, 1 Samuel 4:9, 1 Samuel 14:11, 2 Corinthians 11:22, Philippians 3:5

serve: Jeremiah 34:10, Jeremiah 25:14, Jeremiah 27:7, Jeremiah 30:8, 1 Corinthians 6:8

Reciprocal: Isaiah 58:3 - exact Jeremiah 34:14 - At the Colossians 4:1 - give

Verse 10

when: Jeremiah 26:10, Jeremiah 26:16, Jeremiah 36:12, Jeremiah 36:24, Jeremiah 36:25, Jeremiah 38:4

then: Jeremiah 3:10, Jeremiah 3:11, Isaiah 29:13, Mark 6:20

Reciprocal: Exodus 14:5 - Why have we Jeremiah 34:9 - serve Jeremiah 34:15 - in proclaiming Jeremiah 34:19 - princes

Verse 11

Jeremiah 34:21, Jeremiah 37:5, Exodus 8:8, Exodus 8:15, Exodus 9:28, Exodus 9:34, Exodus 9:35, Exodus 10:17-20, Exodus 14:3-9, 1 Samuel 19:6-11, 1 Samuel 24:19, 1 Samuel 26:21, Psalms 36:3, Psalms 78:34-36, Psalms 125:5, Proverbs 26:11, Ecclesiastes 8:11, Hosea 6:4, Hosea 7:16, Zephaniah 1:6, Matthew 12:43-45, Romans 2:4, Romans 2:5, 2 Peter 2:20-22

Reciprocal: Jeremiah 34:15 - in proclaiming Jeremiah 34:16 - ye turned

Verse 13

I made: Jeremiah 31:32, Exodus 24:3, Exodus 24:7, Exodus 24:8, Deuteronomy 5:2, Deuteronomy 5:3, Deuteronomy 5:27, Deuteronomy 29:1, Hebrews 8:10, Hebrews 8:11

in the: Jeremiah 7:22, Jeremiah 11:4, Jeremiah 11:7, Deuteronomy 7:8, Deuteronomy 15:15, Deuteronomy 16:12, Deuteronomy 24:18, Joshua 24:17, Judges 6:8

out of: Exodus 13:3, Exodus 13:14, Deuteronomy 5:6, Deuteronomy 6:12, Deuteronomy 8:14, Deuteronomy 13:10, Joshua 24:17, Judges 6:8

Reciprocal: Leviticus 25:10 - proclaim Jeremiah 11:2 - General

Verse 14

At the: Jeremiah 34:8, Jeremiah 34:9, Exodus 21:1-4, Exodus 23:10, Exodus 23:11, Deuteronomy 15:12, 1 Kings 9:22, 2 Chronicles 28:10, Isaiah 58:6, Amos 2:6, Amos 8:6

been sold: or, sold himself, 1 Kings 21:25, Isaiah 50:1, Romans 7:14-17, Romans 7:24

but: It appears from this and several other passages, that the sabbatical year had been wholly neglected some centuries before the captivity; and the author of the second book of Chronicles - Jeremiah 36:21 assigns this as a reason for the captivity, "that the land might enjoy her sabbaths." Now, if we reckon the seventy years' captivity as a punishment for this neglect, it will follow that the law on this subject had been disregarded for about 490 years. Jeremiah 7:25, Jeremiah 7:26, Jeremiah 11:8-10, Jeremiah 32:30, 1 Samuel 8:7, 1 Samuel 8:8, 2 Kings 17:13, 2 Kings 17:14, 2 Chronicles 36:16, Nehemiah 9:30, Ezekiel 20:4, Ezekiel 20:8, Zechariah 7:11, Zechariah 7:12

Reciprocal: Leviticus 25:39 - be sold 2 Kings 4:1 - the creditor 2 Chronicles 28:11 - deliver Job 31:13 - the cause Jeremiah 13:10 - evil Jeremiah 31:32 - Not

Verse 15

ye: 1 Kings 21:27-29, 2 Kings 10:30, 2 Kings 10:31, 2 Kings 12:2, 2 Kings 14:3, Isaiah 58:2, Matthew 15:8

now: Heb. to-day

in proclaiming: Jeremiah 34:10, Jeremiah 34:11

ye had: Jeremiah 34:8, 2 Kings 23:3, Nehemiah 10:29, Psalms 76:11, Psalms 119:106

which is called by my name: Heb. whereupon my name is called, Jeremiah 7:10, Jeremiah 7:11

Reciprocal: 2 Chronicles 28:11 - deliver 2 Chronicles 29:10 - to make a covenant Jeremiah 50:33 - they refused Hosea 4:10 - left Hosea 6:4 - for

Verse 16

ye turned: Jeremiah 34:11, 1 Samuel 15:11, Ezekiel 3:20, Ezekiel 18:24, Ezekiel 33:12, Ezekiel 33:13, Luke 8:13-15

polluted: Exodus 20:7, Leviticus 19:12, Ezekiel 17:16-19, Ezekiel 20:39, Ezekiel 39:7, Malachi 1:7, Malachi 1:12

and brought: Matthew 18:28-34

Reciprocal: Proverbs 21:13 - at

Verse 17

behold: When they proclaimed liberty to their slaves, God restrained the sword from cutting them off; but now having resumed their authority over them, He proclaimed liberty to these dire judgments to seize upon, and destroy them. Leviticus 26:34, Leviticus 26:35, Deuteronomy 19:19, Judges 1:6, Judges 1:7, Esther 7:10, Daniel 6:24, Matthew 7:2, Luke 6:37, Luke 6:38, Galatians 6:7, James 2:13, Revelation 16:6

to the sword: Jeremiah 15:2, Jeremiah 21:7, Jeremiah 24:10, Jeremiah 32:24, Jeremiah 32:36, Jeremiah 47:6, Jeremiah 47:7, Ezekiel 14:17-21

I will: Jeremiah 15:4, Jeremiah 24:9, Jeremiah 24:10, Jeremiah 29:18, Deuteronomy 28:25, Deuteronomy 28:64

to be removed: Heb. for a removing, Lamentations 1:8, *marg.

Reciprocal: Genesis 42:21 - we saw Proverbs 21:13 - at Isaiah 65:12 - will I Jeremiah 12:12 - the sword Jeremiah 16:4 - consumed Jeremiah 21:6 - they Jeremiah 24:8 - So will Jeremiah 29:17 - Behold Jeremiah 29:19 - General Jeremiah 34:8 - to proclaim Jeremiah 38:2 - He Ezekiel 23:46 - to be removed and spoiled Micah 2:3 - do Malachi 2:2 - ye will not hear

Verse 18

have transgressed: Deuteronomy 17:2, Joshua 7:11, Joshua 23:16, Hosea 6:7, Hosea 8:1

when: This was the ancient mode of making a covenant. - See note on Deuteronomy 29:12, and see note on Joshua 9:7. Genesis 15:10, Genesis 15:17, Genesis 15:18, Psalms 50:1

Reciprocal: 2 Chronicles 29:10 - to make a covenant

Verse 19

princes: Jeremiah 34:10, Ezekiel 22:27-31, Daniel 9:6, Daniel 9:8, Daniel 9:12, Micah 7:1-5, Zephaniah 3:3, Zephaniah 3:4

the eunuchs: Jeremiah 29:2, Jeremiah 38:7, 2 Kings 24:12, 2 Kings 24:15, *marg.

Reciprocal: Genesis 15:10 - divided them Genesis 15:17 - passed Nehemiah 9:32 - on our kings Jeremiah 21:7 - I will Jeremiah 26:10 - the princes Jeremiah 38:18 - then Jeremiah 39:6 - slew all

Verse 20

and into: Jeremiah 4:30, Jeremiah 11:21, Jeremiah 21:7, Jeremiah 22:25, Jeremiah 38:16, Jeremiah 44:30, Jeremiah 49:37

and their: Jeremiah 7:33, Jeremiah 16:4, Jeremiah 19:7, 1 Samuel 17:44, 1 Samuel 17:46, 1 Kings 14:11, 1 Kings 16:4, 1 Kings 21:23, 1 Kings 21:24, 2 Kings 9:34-37, Ezekiel 29:5, Ezekiel 32:4, Ezekiel 39:17-20, Revelation 19:17-21

Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 28:26 - General Psalms 79:2 - General Psalms 79:3 - and there Jeremiah 1:18 - against Lamentations 1:14 - delivered Ezekiel 23:28 - whom thou Revelation 19:18 - ye

Verse 21

Zedekiah: Jeremiah 34:3-5, Jeremiah 39:6, Jeremiah 52:10, Jeremiah 52:24-27, 2 Kings 25:18-21, Lamentations 4:20, Ezekiel 17:16

which are: Jeremiah 37:5-11

Reciprocal: 2 Kings 25:6 - they took Jeremiah 22:25 - I Jeremiah 34:11 - General Jeremiah 36:29 - The king Jeremiah 37:8 - General Jeremiah 37:17 - thou shalt Jeremiah 44:30 - as I Jeremiah 49:37 - their enemies Jeremiah 52:8 - General Lamentations 1:14 - delivered Ezekiel 16:27 - delivered

Verse 22

I will command: 2 Samuel 16:11, 2 Kings 24:2, 2 Kings 24:3, 2 Chronicles 36:17, Isaiah 10:5-7, Isaiah 13:3, Isaiah 37:26, Isaiah 45:1-3, Amos 3:6, Matthew 22:7

cause: They did return, and reinvested the city; and, after an obstinate defence, took it, plundered it, and burnt it to the ground, taking Zedekiah, his princes, and people, captive. Jeremiah 37:8-10

shall fight: Jeremiah 21:4-10, Jeremiah 32:29, Jeremiah 38:23, Jeremiah 39:1, Jeremiah 39:2, Jeremiah 39:8, Jeremiah 52:7, Jeremiah 52:13

and I will: Jeremiah 9:11, Jeremiah 33:10, Jeremiah 44:2-6, Jeremiah 44:22, Isaiah 6:11, Isaiah 24:12, Isaiah 64:10, Lamentations 1:1, Ezekiel 33:27, Ezekiel 33:28, Micah 7:13, Zechariah 1:12, Zechariah 7:14

Reciprocal: 2 Kings 25:6 - they took 2 Kings 25:9 - the king's Isaiah 10:6 - will I give Jeremiah 1:15 - and against Jeremiah 2:15 - his cities Jeremiah 4:7 - to Jeremiah 21:10 - it shall Jeremiah 34:2 - Behold Jeremiah 36:29 - The king Jeremiah 37:17 - thou shalt Jeremiah 39:16 - Behold Jeremiah 46:19 - waste Jeremiah 50:21 - and do Lamentations 1:17 - commanded Ezekiel 6:6 - the cities Ezekiel 12:20 - General Habakkuk 1:9 - they shall gather Zephaniah 1:2 - I will

Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Jeremiah 34". "Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/jeremiah-34.html.
adsFree icon
Ads FreeProfile