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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Amos 4

Overview

Amos 4:1, He reproves Israel for oppression, Amos 4:4, for idolatry, Amos 4:6, and for their incorrigibleness.

Verse 1

ye kine: By the "kine of Bashan," some understand the proud, luxurious matrons of Israel; but it is probable the prophet speaks catachrestically, and means the wealthy, effeminate, and profligate rulers and nobles of Samaria. Deuteronomy 32:14, Deuteronomy 32:15, Psalms 22:12, Jeremiah 50:11, Jeremiah 50:27, Ezekiel 39:18

the mountain: Amos 6:1, 1 Kings 16:24

which oppress: Amos 2:6, Amos 2:7, Amos 3:9, Amos 3:10, Amos 5:11, Amos 8:4-6, Exodus 22:21-25, Deuteronomy 15:9-11, Psalms 12:5, Psalms 140:12, Proverbs 22:22, Proverbs 22:23, Proverbs 23:10, Proverbs 23:11, Ecclesiastes 4:1, Ecclesiastes 5:8, Isaiah 1:17-24, Isaiah 5:8, Isaiah 58:6, Jeremiah 5:26-29, Jeremiah 6:6, Jeremiah 7:6, Ezekiel 22:7, Ezekiel 22:12, Ezekiel 22:27, Ezekiel 22:29, Micah 2:1-3, Micah 3:1-3, Zechariah 7:10, Zechariah 7:11, Malachi 3:5, James 5:1-6

crush: Deuteronomy 28:33, Job 20:19,*marg. Jeremiah 51:34

Bring: Amos 2:8, Joel 3:3

Reciprocal: Exodus 3:9 - and I have Numbers 21:33 - Bashan Deuteronomy 24:14 - General 2 Kings 18:10 - they took it Proverbs 22:7 - rich Proverbs 28:16 - prince Proverbs 30:14 - to devour Isaiah 3:5 - the people Isaiah 3:14 - ye have eaten Isaiah 5:17 - the waste Jeremiah 5:5 - get me Jeremiah 5:28 - waxen Jeremiah 17:20 - General Ezekiel 18:12 - oppressed Ezekiel 34:16 - but I Hosea 12:7 - he loveth Hosea 13:16 - Samaria Joel 1:2 - Hear Zephaniah 3:1 - to the Luke 6:24 - woe James 2:6 - Do

Verse 2

Psalms 89:35

hath sworn: Amos 6:8

he will: Isaiah 37:29, Jeremiah 16:16, Ezekiel 39:4, Ezekiel 39:5, Habakkuk 1:15, Habakkuk 1:16

Reciprocal: 2 Kings 19:28 - I will put Psalms 60:6 - God Psalms 108:7 - spoken Ezekiel 29:4 - I will put Ezekiel 30:9 - lo Amos 4:12 - thus

Verse 3

ye shall go: 2 Kings 25:4, Ezekiel 12:5, Ezekiel 12:12

them into the palace: or, away the things of the palace, 2 Kings 7:7, 2 Kings 7:8, 2 Kings 7:15, Isaiah 2:20, Isaiah 31:7, Zephaniah 1:18, Matthew 16:26

Reciprocal: Jeremiah 49:5 - ye shall Amos 4:12 - thus

Verse 4

Come: A bitter irony and sarcasm, addressed to the idolatrous Israelites. Amos 3:14, Ecclesiastes 11:9, Ezekiel 20:39, Joel 3:9-12, Matthew 23:32, Matthew 26:45, Mark 14:41

at Gilgal: Amos 5:5, Hosea 4:15, Hosea 9:15, Hosea 12:11

and bring: Numbers 28:3, Numbers 28:4

and your: Deuteronomy 14:28, Deuteronomy 14:29, Deuteronomy 26:12

three years: Heb. three years of days

Reciprocal: Genesis 14:20 - tithes Joshua 4:19 - Gilgal 1 Kings 18:27 - Elijah 2 Kings 2:23 - Bethel 2 Kings 23:4 - Bethel 1 Chronicles 16:40 - To offer 2 Chronicles 6:26 - there is no rain 2 Chronicles 18:14 - Go ye up Isaiah 29:1 - add Isaiah 50:11 - walk Ezekiel 23:19 - multiplied Hosea 9:4 - neither Amos 5:22 - peace offerings

Verse 5

offer a sacrifice: Heb. offer by burning, Leviticus 7:12, Leviticus 7:13, Leviticus 23:17

proclaim: Leviticus 22:18-21, Deuteronomy 12:6, Deuteronomy 12:7, Matthew 6:2

for: Psalms 81:12, Matthew 15:9, Matthew 15:13, Matthew 15:14, Matthew 23:23, Romans 1:28, 2 Thessalonians 2:10-12

this liketh you: Heb. so ye love, Hosea 9:1, Hosea 9:10

Reciprocal: Exodus 12:8 - unleavened Leviticus 22:29 - General 1 Kings 18:27 - Elijah 2 Chronicles 18:14 - Go ye up Isaiah 29:1 - add Isaiah 50:11 - walk Ezekiel 20:39 - Go ye Hosea 9:2 - floor Hosea 9:4 - neither Amos 5:22 - peace offerings

Verse 6

cleanness: From want of food, occasioned by severe famine.

and want: Leviticus 26:26, Deuteronomy 28:38, 1 Kings 17:1, 1 Kings 18:2, 2 Kings 4:38, 2 Kings 6:25-29, 2 Kings 8:1, Ezekiel 16:27

yet: Amos 4:8, Amos 4:9, 2 Chronicles 28:22, Isaiah 9:13, Isaiah 26:11, Jeremiah 5:3, Jeremiah 8:5-7, Hosea 5:15, Hosea 6:1, Hosea 7:14-16, Joel 2:12-14, Haggai 2:17, Zechariah 1:3-6, Revelation 2:21, Revelation 9:20, Revelation 9:21, Revelation 16:10, Revelation 16:11

Reciprocal: Leviticus 26:23 - General Deuteronomy 28:16 - in the field Ruth 1:1 - a famine Job 1:18 - there came Proverbs 14:4 - clean Isaiah 19:22 - they shall Ezekiel 14:21 - my four Ezekiel 24:13 - because Hosea 5:2 - a rebuker Hosea 7:10 - and they Hosea 9:2 - floor Hosea 11:5 - because Joel 1:16 - the meat Amos 4:10 - yet Amos 4:11 - yet Micah 6:9 - hear Habakkuk 3:17 - the fig tree Haggai 1:6 - have Acts 12:20 - because Revelation 16:9 - to give

Verse 7

I have: Leviticus 26:18-21, Leviticus 26:23, Leviticus 26:24, Leviticus 26:27, Leviticus 26:28, Deuteronomy 28:23, Deuteronomy 28:24, 1 Kings 8:35, 1 Kings 8:36, 2 Chronicles 7:13, 2 Chronicles 7:14, Isaiah 5:6, Jeremiah 3:3, Jeremiah 5:24, Jeremiah 5:25, Jeremiah 14:4, Jeremiah 14:22, Haggai 1:10, Haggai 1:11, Zechariah 14:17, James 5:17, Revelation 11:6

when: Joel 2:23, John 4:35

and I: Exodus 8:22, Exodus 9:4, Exodus 9:26, Exodus 10:23, Judges 6:37-40, 1 Corinthians 4:7

and the: Joel 1:10-18

Reciprocal: Genesis 7:4 - For Exodus 7:23 - neither Leviticus 26:4 - Then I Deuteronomy 11:17 - shut up 1 Kings 18:1 - I will send rain Job 5:10 - giveth Job 28:26 - he made Job 37:12 - it Job 38:28 - Hath the Psalms 107:33 - watersprings Isaiah 30:23 - shall he Joel 1:16 - the meat Amos 1:2 - the habitations Zechariah 10:1 - rain in John 19:13 - and sat

Verse 8

two: 1 Kings 18:5, Isaiah 41:17, Isaiah 41:18, Jeremiah 14:3

but: Ezekiel 4:16, Micah 6:14, Haggai 1:6

yet: Amos 4:6, Amos 4:9-11, Jeremiah 23:14, Hosea 7:10

Reciprocal: Leviticus 26:4 - Then I Psalms 107:33 - watersprings Isaiah 30:23 - shall he Hosea 11:5 - because Amos 1:2 - the habitations Haggai 2:17 - yet Zechariah 14:17 - even

Verse 9

with: Deuteronomy 28:22, 1 Kings 8:37, 2 Chronicles 6:28, Haggai 2:17

when: etc. or, the multitude of your gardens, etc. did the palmer worm, etc

the palmerworm: Amos 7:1, Amos 7:2, Deuteronomy 28:42, Joel 1:4, Joel 2:25

yet: Amos 4:6, Amos 4:8, Job 36:8-13, Isaiah 1:5, Isaiah 42:24, Isaiah 42:25, Jeremiah 5:3

Reciprocal: Exodus 9:31 - the barley Deuteronomy 28:38 - for the locust Malachi 3:11 - rebuke

Verse 10

pestilence: Exodus 9:3-6, Exodus 12:29, Exodus 12:30, Exodus 15:26, Leviticus 26:16, Leviticus 26:25, Deuteronomy 7:15, Deuteronomy 28:22, Deuteronomy 28:27, Deuteronomy 28:60, Psalms 78:49, Psalms 78:50

after the manner: or, in the way

your young: Leviticus 26:25, 2 Kings 8:12, 2 Kings 10:32, Jeremiah 6:11, Jeremiah 11:22, Jeremiah 18:21, Jeremiah 48:15

and have taken away your horses: Heb. with the captivity of your horses, 2 Kings 13:3, 2 Kings 13:7

the stink: Amos 8:3, Deuteronomy 28:26, Jeremiah 8:1, Jeremiah 8:2, Jeremiah 9:22, Jeremiah 15:3, Jeremiah 16:4, Joel 2:20

yet: Amos 4:6, Exodus 8:19, Exodus 9:12, Exodus 9:17, Exodus 9:34, Exodus 9:35, Exodus 10:3, Exodus 10:27, Exodus 14:4

Reciprocal: Exodus 11:4 - About Jeremiah 15:7 - since Jeremiah 49:26 - General Lamentations 2:21 - my virgins Ezekiel 14:19 - if I Zephaniah 1:17 - and their blood

Verse 11

as God: Genesis 19:24, Genesis 19:25, Isaiah 13:19, Jeremiah 49:18, Hosea 11:8, 2 Peter 2:6, Jude 1:7

as a: Zechariah 3:2, 1 Corinthians 3:15, Jude 1:23

yet: Amos 4:6, Jeremiah 6:28-30, Ezekiel 22:17-22, Ezekiel 24:13, Revelation 9:20

Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 21:18 - will not Deuteronomy 28:24 - make the rain Deuteronomy 29:23 - like the Psalms 18:8 - fire Proverbs 21:12 - overthroweth Isaiah 1:9 - we should Isaiah 7:4 - the two tails Jeremiah 20:16 - as Jeremiah 50:40 - General Ezekiel 15:4 - the fire Ezekiel 16:50 - therefore Amos 7:4 - called Luke 17:29 - General Romans 9:29 - we had been Revelation 11:8 - Sodom

Verse 12

thus: Amos 4:2, Amos 4:3, Amos 2:14, Amos 9:1-4

prepare: Amos 5:4-15, Isaiah 47:3, Ezekiel 13:5, Ezekiel 22:30, Hosea 13:8, Matthew 5:25, Matthew 24:44-51, Matthew 25:1-13, Mark 13:32-37, Luke 14:31, Luke 14:32, Luke 21:3-36, 1 Thessalonians 5:2-4, James 4:1-10, Revelation 3:3

Reciprocal: Exodus 19:15 - Be ready Deuteronomy 21:18 - will not Ezekiel 38:7 - General Matthew 25:6 - go Luke 1:17 - to make

Verse 13

he that: This is a most powerful description of the majesty of Jehovah, the God of hosts. Job 38:4-11, Psalms 65:6, Isaiah 40:12, Zechariah 12:1

and createth: Psalms 135:7, Psalms 147:18, Jeremiah 10:13, Jeremiah 51:16

wind: or, spirit, John 3:8

and declareth: Psalms 139:2, Daniel 2:28, Matthew 9:4, Luke 7:39, Luke 7:40, John 2:25

that maketh: Amos 5:8, Amos 8:9, Exodus 10:22, Exodus 14:20, Isaiah 5:30, Jeremiah 13:16

and treadeth: Deuteronomy 32:13, Deuteronomy 33:29, Micah 1:3, Habakkuk 3:19

The Lord: Amos 3:13, Amos 5:8, Amos 6:8, Amos 9:6, Isaiah 47:4, Isaiah 48:2, Jeremiah 10:16, Jeremiah 51:19

Reciprocal: Exodus 15:10 - blow Job 9:7 - commandeth Job 38:19 - darkness Psalms 135:6 - Whatsoever Psalms 148:8 - stormy Isaiah 45:7 - create darkness Ezekiel 7:7 - morning Daniel 2:29 - he that Joel 2:2 - as Amos 5:27 - whose Jonah 1:4 - the Lord Matthew 12:25 - Jesus

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Amos 4". "Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/amos-4.html.