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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

2 Kings 13

Overview

2 Kings 13:1, Jehoahaz’s wicked reign; 2 Kings 13:3, Jehoahaz, oppressed by Hazael, is relieved by prayer; 2 Kings 13:8, Joash succeeds him; 2 Kings 13:10, His wicked reign; 2 Kings 13:12, Jeroboam succeeds him; 2 Kings 13:14, Elisha dying, prophesies to Joash three victories over the Syrians; 2 Kings 13:20, The Moabites invading the land, Elisha’s bones raise a dead man; 2 Kings 13:22, Joash gets three victories over Ben-hadad.

Verse 1

three and twentieth year: Heb. twentieth year, and third year, 2 Kings 8:26, 2 Kings 10:36, 2 Kings 11:4, 2 Kings 11:21

Jehoahaz: 2 Kings 10:35

Reciprocal: 2 Kings 10:30 - thy children 2 Kings 15:12 - Thy sons

Verse 2

am 3148-3156, bc 856-839

followed: Heb. walked after, 2 Kings 13:11, 2 Kings 10:29, 1 Kings 12:26-33, 1 Kings 14:16, Hosea 5:11

Reciprocal: 2 Kings 3:3 - he departed 2 Kings 13:6 - departed 2 Kings 14:24 - he departed 2 Kings 15:9 - as his 2 Kings 15:28 - evil 2 Kings 17:2 - but not as the kings 2 Kings 17:22 - walked in all the sins

Verse 3

and he delivered: Leviticus 26:17, Deuteronomy 4:24-27, Deuteronomy 28:25, Judges 2:14, Judges 3:8, Judges 10:7-14, Isaiah 10:5, Isaiah 10:6, Hebrews 12:29

Hazael: 2 Kings 13:22, 2 Kings 8:12, 2 Kings 8:13, 2 Kings 12:17, 1 Kings 19:17

Benhadad: 2 Kings 13:24, 2 Kings 13:25

all their days: Rather "all his days;" for Joash son of Jehoahaz delivered Israel from Ben-hadad. 2 Kings 13:22-25

Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 24:14 - let me not 2 Kings 17:20 - delivered Isaiah 5:25 - the anger Hosea 7:9 - devoured Hosea 8:7 - the strangers Amos 1:3 - because Amos 1:4 - Benhadad Amos 4:10 - and have taken away your horses

Verse 4

Jehoahaz: Numbers 21:7, Judges 6:6, Judges 6:7, Judges 10:10, Psalms 78:34, Isaiah 26:16, Jeremiah 2:27

the Lord: 2 Kings 14:26, Genesis 21:17, Exodus 3:7, Judges 10:15, Judges 10:16, 2 Chronicles 33:12, 2 Chronicles 33:13, 2 Chronicles 33:19, Psalms 50:15, Psalms 106:43, Psalms 106:44, Jeremiah 33:3

he saw: Genesis 31:42, Exodus 3:9, Isaiah 63:9

because the king: 2 Kings 13:22, 2 Kings 14:26

Reciprocal: Judges 2:18 - their groanings 2 Kings 13:5 - a saviour 2 Chronicles 12:7 - some Psalms 102:20 - To hear Isaiah 19:20 - they shall

Verse 5

a saviour: This saviour was undoubtedly Joash, whose successful wars are subsequently detailed. Houbigant recommends to read the 2 Kings 13:7, after the 2 Kings 13:4. 2 Kings 13:25, 2 Kings 14:25, 2 Kings 14:27, Nehemiah 9:27, Isaiah 19:20, Obadiah 1:21, Luke 2:11

beforetime: Heb. yesterday and third day, Exodus 4:10, Deuteronomy 19:4, 1 Samuel 19:7, 1 Chronicles 11:2

Reciprocal: Jeremiah 49:27 - Benhadad Hosea 7:15 - I have

Verse 6

departed: 2 Kings 13:2, 2 Kings 10:29, 2 Kings 17:20-23, Deuteronomy 32:15-18

walked: Heb. he walked, 1 Kings 15:3, 1 Kings 16:26

and there remained: Heb. and there stood, 2 Kings 17:16, 2 Kings 18:4, 2 Kings 23:4, Deuteronomy 7:5, 1 Kings 16:33

Reciprocal: 1 Kings 18:19 - prophets of the groves 2 Kings 3:3 - he departed 2 Kings 13:11 - he departed 2 Kings 14:24 - he departed 2 Kings 15:28 - evil 2 Kings 17:22 - walked in all the sins

Verse 7

fifty horsemen: 1 Samuel 13:6, 1 Samuel 13:7, 1 Samuel 13:15, 1 Samuel 13:19-23, 1 Kings 20:15, 1 Kings 20:27, Isaiah 36:8

the king: 2 Kings 8:12, 2 Kings 10:32

like the dust: Psalms 18:42, Isaiah 41:2, Isaiah 41:15, Isaiah 41:16, Joel 3:14, *marg. Amos 1:3

Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 28:62 - few in number 2 Samuel 22:43 - as small 2 Kings 10:35 - Jehoahaz 2 Kings 13:5 - a saviour 2 Kings 17:20 - delivered Psalms 107:39 - oppression Proverbs 14:28 - General Isaiah 21:10 - my threshing Isaiah 28:27 - threshed Hosea 9:6 - they Amos 4:10 - and have taken away your horses Amos 5:15 - the remnant

Verse 8

1 Kings 11:4, 1 Kings 14:19, 1 Kings 14:20, 1 Kings 14:29, 1 Kings 14:31

the rest: 2 Kings 10:34, 2 Kings 10:35

Reciprocal: 2 Kings 14:18 - General

Verse 9

am 3165, bc 839

buried him: 2 Kings 13:13, 2 Kings 10:35, 1 Kings 14:13

Joash: 2 Kings 13:10, 2 Kings 14:8, Jehoash

reigned in his stead: "Alone.

Reciprocal: 2 Kings 14:16 - was buried

Verse 10

In the thirty: Joash, the son of Jehoahaz, was associated with his father in the government two years before his death. It is this association that is spoken of here. Joash reigned sixteen years which include the years he reigned conjointly with his father.

began Jehoash: "In consort with his father. 2 Kings 14:1." 2 Kings 13:10

Reciprocal: 2 Kings 10:30 - thy children 2 Kings 13:9 - Joash 2 Kings 14:17 - Amaziah 2 Kings 15:12 - Thy sons

Verse 11

he departed: 2 Kings 13:2, 2 Kings 13:6, 2 Kings 3:3, 2 Kings 10:29

Reciprocal: 2 Kings 14:24 - he departed 2 Kings 15:9 - as his 2 Kings 17:2 - but not as the kings 2 Kings 17:22 - walked in all the sins

Verse 12

am 3163-3179, bc 841-825

the rest: 2 Kings 13:14-25, 2 Kings 14:15, 2 Kings 14:25

his might: 2 Kings 14:8-16, 2 Chronicles 25:17-24

Reciprocal: 2 Kings 14:18 - General

Verse 13

slept: 2 Samuel 7:12, 1 Kings 1:21, 1 Kings 2:10, 1 Kings 11:31

Jeroboam: 2 Kings 14:28, 2 Kings 14:29

was buried: 2 Kings 13:9

Reciprocal: 2 Kings 14:16 - Jeroboam 2 Kings 15:12 - Thy sons

Verse 14

am 3166, bc 838

fallen sick: 2 Kings 20:1, Genesis 48:1, John 11:3, Philippians 2:26

he died: Psalms 12:1, Isaiah 57:1, Zechariah 1:5, Acts 13:36

O my father: 2 Kings 2:12, 2 Kings 6:21, Proverbs 11:11, Ezekiel 14:14, Ezekiel 22:30, Mark 6:20

Reciprocal: Genesis 50:1 - wept Judges 17:10 - a father Judges 18:19 - a father 2 Samuel 1:27 - weapons 2 Kings 2:9 - Ask what 2 Kings 5:13 - My father 2 Kings 6:10 - saved 2 Kings 8:9 - Thy son Benhadad 2 Kings 13:12 - the rest Matthew 23:9 - call 2 Corinthians 6:13 - be

Verse 15

Reciprocal: Acts 21:11 - he took

Verse 16

Put thine hand: Heb. make thine hand to ride

Elisha: 2 Kings 4:34, Genesis 49:24, Psalms 144:1

Verse 17

Open: 2 Kings 5:10-14, John 2:5-8, John 11:39-41

The arrow: This was a symbolical action, indicative of the deliverance of Israel from Syria. It was an ancient custom to shoot an arrow or cast a spear into a country before the commencement of hostilities. Exodus 4:2, Exodus 4:17, Judges 7:9-20, 2 Samuel 5:24, 1 Corinthians 1:18

Aphek: 1 Samuel 4:1, 1 Kings 20:26

Reciprocal: 2 Kings 3:19 - And ye Amos 5:9 - strengtheneth

Verse 18

Smite: Isaiah 20:2-4, Ezekiel 4:1-10, Ezekiel 5:1-4, Ezekiel 12:1-7

he smote thrice: 2 Kings 4:6, Exodus 17:11

Reciprocal: Joshua 13:4 - Aphek 2 Kings 4:3 - borrow not a few 2 Kings 13:25 - took again

Verse 19

the man of God: 2 Kings 1:9-15, 2 Kings 4:16, 2 Kings 4:40, 2 Kings 6:9

was wroth: Leviticus 10:16, Numbers 16:15, Mark 3:5, Mark 10:14

now thou shalt: 2 Kings 13:25, Mark 6:5

Reciprocal: Genesis 31:36 - was wroth Numbers 31:14 - wroth 2 Kings 4:3 - borrow not a few 2 Kings 4:6 - And the oil

Verse 20

am 3167, bc 837

buried him: 2 Chronicles 24:16, Acts 8:2

the bands: 2 Kings 5:2, 2 Kings 6:23, 2 Kings 24:2

the Moabites: 2 Kings 3:5, 2 Kings 3:24-27, Judges 3:12, Judges 6:3-6

Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 20:1 - after the year was expired Acts 19:12 - General

Verse 21

was let down: Heb. went down

touched: 2 Kings 4:35, Isaiah 26:19, Ezekiel 37:1-10, Matthew 27:52, Matthew 27:53, John 5:25, John 5:28, John 5:29, John 11:44, Acts 5:15, Acts 19:12, Revelation 11:11

Reciprocal: 1 Kings 17:22 - and he revived 2 Kings 24:2 - the Lord Hosea 9:8 - with Matthew 8:15 - touched Mark 5:27 - touched Mark 6:56 - touch Luke 6:19 - sought Luke 7:15 - General

Verse 22

am 3148-3165, bc 856-839

Hazael: 2 Kings 13:3-7, 2 Kings 8:12, Psalms 106:40-42

Reciprocal: Judges 2:18 - their groanings 1 Kings 19:17 - the sword of Hazael 2 Kings 10:32 - Hazael 2 Kings 13:4 - because the king Psalms 102:20 - To hear Psalms 107:39 - oppression Hosea 7:9 - devoured

Verse 23

the Lord: 2 Kings 14:27, Exodus 33:19, Exodus 34:6, Exodus 34:7, Judges 10:16, Nehemiah 9:31, Psalms 86:15, Isaiah 30:18, Isaiah 30:19, Jeremiah 12:15, Lamentations 3:32, Micah 7:18, Micah 7:19

had respect: Exodus 2:24, Exodus 2:25, 1 Kings 8:28

because of his covenant: Genesis 13:16, Genesis 13:17, Genesis 17:2-5, Genesis 17:7, Genesis 17:8, Exodus 3:6, Exodus 3:7, Exodus 32:13, Exodus 32:14, Leviticus 26:42, Deuteronomy 32:36, Nehemiah 9:32, Psalms 105:8, Micah 7:20, Luke 1:54, Luke 1:55, Luke 1:72, Luke 1:73

neither cast he: 2 Kings 17:18, 2 Kings 24:20, Psalms 51:11, Matthew 25:41, 2 Thessalonians 1:9

presence: Heb. face, Genesis 6:3

Reciprocal: Genesis 4:16 - went Genesis 21:17 - heard Leviticus 26:9 - for I Leviticus 26:44 - I will Judges 2:18 - their groanings 1 Kings 11:13 - for David 1 Kings 20:13 - Hast thou 2 Chronicles 12:7 - some 2 Chronicles 36:15 - because Psalms 102:20 - To hear Psalms 106:45 - And he Hosea 3:1 - according Hosea 7:15 - I have Hosea 11:8 - Mine

Verse 24

Hazael: Psalms 125:3, Luke 18:7

Reciprocal: 2 Kings 13:3 - Benhadad

Verse 25

am 3168, bc 836

took again: Heb. returned and took, Three times. 2 Kings 13:18, 2 Kings 13:19

Reciprocal: 2 Kings 13:3 - Benhadad 2 Kings 13:5 - a saviour Amos 1:4 - Benhadad Amos 5:9 - strengtheneth Amos 6:13 - Have

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Kings 13". "Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/2-kings-13.html.