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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

1 Samuel 10

Overview

1 Samuel 10:1, Samuel anoints Saul; 1 Samuel 10:2, He confirms him by prediction of three signs; 1 Samuel 10:9, Saul’s heart is changed, and he prophesies; 1 Samuel 10:14, He conceals the matter of the kingdom from his uncle; 1 Samuel 10:17, Saul is chosen at Mizpeh by lot; 1 Samuel 10:26, The different affections of his subjects.

Verse 1

a vial: 1 Samuel 2:10, 1 Samuel 9:16, 1 Samuel 16:13, 1 Samuel 24:6, 1 Samuel 26:11, 2 Kings 9:3-6, Acts 13:21, Revelation 5:8

kissed him: 2 Samuel 19:39, 1 Kings 19:18, Psalms 2:12, Hosea 13:2, 1 Thessalonians 5:26

captain: 1 Samuel 8:9, 1 Samuel 8:19, 1 Samuel 13:14, Joshua 5:14, Joshua 5:15, 2 Samuel 5:2, 2 Kings 20:5, Hebrews 2:10

his inheritance: Exodus 19:5, Exodus 19:6, Deuteronomy 32:9, Psalms 78:71, Psalms 135:4, Jeremiah 10:16

Reciprocal: Genesis 20:7 - a prophet Genesis 41:40 - be ruled Genesis 45:15 - Moreover Exodus 4:14 - cometh 1 Samuel 12:1 - have made 1 Samuel 12:3 - his anointed 1 Samuel 15:1 - The Lord 1 Samuel 15:17 - the Lord 1 Samuel 20:41 - and they kissed 2 Samuel 1:21 - anointed 2 Samuel 7:8 - ruler 2 Samuel 21:6 - whom the Lord did choose 1 Kings 1:34 - Zadok 2 Kings 9:1 - box of oil 2 Kings 11:12 - anointed him 2 Chronicles 23:11 - anointed him Zechariah 4:14 - These Matthew 26:49 - kissed him

Verse 2

Rachel's: Genesis 35:19, Jeremiah 31:15

Zelzah: Joshua 18:28

The asses: 1 Samuel 10:16, 1 Samuel 9:3-5

care: Heb. business

Reciprocal: Genesis 24:14 - thereby Genesis 29:17 - Rachel Genesis 35:20 - the pillar Genesis 48:7 - Rachel 1 Samuel 9:5 - take thought 1 Samuel 10:9 - and all those signs 2 Samuel 21:14 - Zelah Ezekiel 24:24 - when Luke 2:12 - General Luke 19:30 - General Luke 22:10 - General

Verse 3

Tabor: Joshua 19:12, Joshua 19:22, Judges 4:6, Judges 4:12, Judges 8:18, Psalms 89:12

Bethel: Genesis 28:19, Genesis 28:22, Genesis 35:1, Genesis 35:3, Genesis 35:6, Genesis 35:7

three kids: Leviticus 1:10, Leviticus 3:6, Leviticus 3:12, Leviticus 7:13, Leviticus 23:13, Numbers 15:5-12

Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 16:1 - a bottle Jeremiah 32:8 - Then I

Verse 4

salute thee: Heb. ask thee of peace, Judges 18:15

Reciprocal: Jeremiah 15:5 - how thou doest Acts 21:7 - and saluted

Verse 5

hill of God: 1 Samuel 10:10, 1 Samuel 13:3

a company: 1 Samuel 19:20, 2 Kings 2:3, 2 Kings 2:5, 2 Kings 2:15, 2 Kings 4:38, 2 Kings 6:1

a psaltery: Exodus 15:20, Exodus 15:21, 2 Kings 3:15, 1 Chronicles 13:8, 1 Chronicles 15:19-21, 1 Chronicles 15:27, 1 Chronicles 15:28, 1 Chronicles 16:5, 1 Chronicles 16:42, 1 Chronicles 25:1-6, 2 Chronicles 29:25-27, Psalms 49:4, Psalms 150:3-6

Reciprocal: Numbers 11:25 - they prophesied 1 Samuel 16:16 - play 2 Samuel 6:5 - David 2 Samuel 23:14 - garrison 1 Chronicles 11:16 - the Philistines' 1 Chronicles 15:21 - harps 1 Chronicles 18:13 - garrisons Isaiah 30:32 - every place 1 Thessalonians 5:20 - General

Verse 6

Spirit: 1 Samuel 10:10, 1 Samuel 16:13, 1 Samuel 19:23, 1 Samuel 19:24, Numbers 11:25, Judges 3:10, Matthew 7:22

another man: 1 Samuel 10:9-12

Reciprocal: Numbers 11:17 - I will take Numbers 27:20 - put some Judges 6:34 - the Spirit 1 Samuel 19:20 - when they Ezekiel 11:5 - the Spirit 1 Thessalonians 5:20 - General

Verse 7

let it be: Heb. it shall come to pass that, etc

signs: Exodus 4:8, Luke 2:12, John 6:14

that thou do as occasion: etc. Heb. do for thee as thine hand shall find, Judges 9:33

God: Genesis 21:20, Deuteronomy 20:1, Judges 6:12, Isaiah 7:14, Isaiah 45:1, Isaiah 45:2, Matthew 1:23, Matthew 28:20

Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 14:7 - Do all 1 Samuel 14:10 - this shall be a sign 1 Samuel 16:18 - the Lord 1 Samuel 18:14 - the Lord 1 Samuel 20:13 - he hath been with my father 2 Samuel 7:3 - for the 1 Chronicles 17:2 - for God

Verse 8

to Gilgal: 1 Samuel 11:14, 1 Samuel 11:15, 1 Samuel 13:4, 1 Samuel 13:8-15, 1 Samuel 15:33

Reciprocal: Genesis 31:46 - an heap Exodus 24:14 - Tarry ye Leviticus 17:8 - that offereth 1 Samuel 7:9 - a sucking

Verse 9

back: Heb. shoulder

gave: Heb. turned

another heart: 1 Samuel 10:6

and all those signs: The following history of Saul is given by the Afghans, a people generally supposed to be of Jewish origin: "In a war which raged between the children of Israel and the Amalekites, the latter being victorious, plundered the Jews, and obtained possession of the ark of the covenant. Considering this - as the God of the Jews, they threw it into the fire, which did not affect it. They afterwards attempted to cleave it with axes, but without success: every individual who treated it with indignity, was punished for his temerity. They then placed it in their temple; but all their idols bowed to it. At length they fastened it upon a cow, which they turned loose in the wilderness. When the prophet Samuel arose, the children of Israel said to him, We have been totally subdued by the Amalekites, and have no king. Raise to us a king, that we may be enabled to contend for the glory of God.' Samuel said, In case you are led out to battle, are you determined to fight?' They answered, What has befallen us, that we should not fight against infidels? That nation has banished us from our country and children.' At this time the angel Gabriel descended, and delivering a wand, said, It is the command of God, that the person whose stature shall correspond with this wand, shall be king of Israel.' Melec Talut was at that time a man of inferior condition, and performed the humble employment of feeding the goats and cows of others. One day, a cow under his charge was accidentally lost. Being disappointed in his searches, he was greatly distressed, and applied to Samuel saying, I have lost a cow, and I do not possess the means of satisfying the owner. Pray for me that I may be extricated from this difficulty.' Samuel perceiving that he was a man of lofty stature, asked his name. He answered, Talut. Samuel then said, Measure Talut with the wand which the angel Gabriel brought.' His stature was equal to it. Samuel then said, God has raised Talut to be your king.' The children of Israel answered, We are greater than our king. We are men of dignity, and he is of inferior condition. How shall he be our king?' Samuel informed them, they should know that God had constituted Talut king, by his restoring the ark of the covenant. He accordingly restored it, and they acknowledged him their sovereign." Asiatic Researches, vol. ii. p. 119, et seq. 1 Samuel 10:2-5, Judges 6:21, Judges 6:36-40, Judges 7:11, Isaiah 38:7, Isaiah 38:8, Mark 14:16

Reciprocal: Numbers 27:20 - put some 1 Samuel 16:13 - the Spirit

Verse 10

they came: 1 Samuel 10:5, 1 Samuel 19:20-24

Reciprocal: Numbers 11:25 - they prophesied Numbers 24:2 - the spirit Judges 11:29 - the spirit 1 Samuel 10:6 - Spirit 1 Samuel 11:6 - Spirit of God 1 Samuel 16:13 - the Spirit 1 Samuel 19:23 - the Spirit 1 Samuel 19:24 - Is Saul 2 Kings 2:3 - And the sons Psalms 51:11 - take Ezekiel 11:5 - the Spirit Acts 2:4 - as Acts 9:19 - Then 1 Corinthians 12:10 - prophecy 1 Corinthians 14:32 - General 1 Thessalonians 5:20 - General

Verse 11

when all: John 9:8, John 9:9, Acts 3:10

one to another: Heb. a man to his neighbour

What is this: Matthew 13:54, Matthew 13:55, Acts 2:7, Acts 2:8, Acts 4:13, Acts 9:21

Is Saul: 1 Samuel 19:24, John 7:15

Reciprocal: 1 Kings 13:11 - an old prophet

Verse 12

of the same place: Heb. from thence

who is their: Isaiah 54:13, John 6:45, John 7:16, James 1:17

Reciprocal: Genesis 4:20 - father 1 Kings 20:35 - of the sons

Verse 14

And he said: 1 Samuel 9:3-10

no where: 2 Kings 5:25

Verse 15

Reciprocal: Jeremiah 38:27 - and he told

Verse 16

matter: 1 Samuel 9:27, Exodus 4:18, Judges 14:6, Proverbs 29:11

Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 10:2 - The asses Jeremiah 38:27 - and he told

Verse 17

unto the Lord: 1 Samuel 7:5, 1 Samuel 7:6, Judges 20:1

Reciprocal: Genesis 31:46 - an heap Joshua 11:3 - land Joshua 15:38 - Mizpeh Judges 11:11 - before 1 Samuel 11:15 - before the Lord 2 Chronicles 16:6 - Mizpah

Verse 18

Thus saith: Judges 2:1, Judges 6:8, Judges 6:9, Nehemiah 9:9-12, Nehemiah 9:27, Nehemiah 9:28

Reciprocal: Numbers 10:9 - oppresseth

Verse 19

And ye have: 1 Samuel 8:7-9, 1 Samuel 8:19, 1 Samuel 12:12, 1 Samuel 12:17-19

by your tribes: Numbers 17:2, Joshua 7:14-26, Micah 5:2

Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 31:14 - presented Joshua 24:1 - presented Judges 8:23 - the Lord 1 Samuel 14:38 - Draw ye near 1 Kings 12:19 - Israel 1 Chronicles 15:25 - captains Hosea 13:11 - General Mark 8:31 - rejected Luke 17:25 - rejected John 12:48 - rejecteth 1 Thessalonians 4:8 - despiseth

Verse 20

caused: 1 Samuel 14:41, Joshua 7:16-18, Acts 1:24-26

Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 14:38 - Draw ye near 2 Samuel 3:19 - Benjamin Jonah 1:7 - and let

Verse 21

Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 14:41 - And Saul 2 Samuel 3:19 - Benjamin Proverbs 18:18 - General Jonah 1:7 - and let Acts 13:21 - Saul

Verse 22

inquired: 1 Samuel 23:2-4, 1 Samuel 23:11, 1 Samuel 23:12, Numbers 27:21, Judges 1:1, Judges 20:18, Judges 20:23, Judges 20:28

hid: 1 Samuel 9:21, 1 Samuel 15:17, Luke 14:11

Reciprocal: Genesis 25:22 - inquire Genesis 45:20 - stuff Numbers 11:26 - went not out Jeremiah 21:2 - Inquire

Verse 23

he was higher: 1 Samuel 9:2, 1 Samuel 16:7, 1 Samuel 17:4

Reciprocal: Judges 14:11 - saw him 1 Kings 1:6 - very

Verse 24

See ye him: Deuteronomy 17:15, 2 Samuel 21:6

God save the king: Heb. Let the king live, 1 Kings 1:25, 1 Kings 1:21, 1 Kings 1:39, 2 Kings 11:12, Matthew 21:9

Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 11:14 - renew 1 Samuel 12:1 - have made 1 Samuel 12:13 - behold 1 Samuel 16:7 - Look not 2 Samuel 16:16 - God save the king 1 Kings 12:20 - and made him 2 Kings 10:3 - Look even 2 Chronicles 6:5 - neither chose 2 Chronicles 23:11 - God save the king Psalms 47:1 - shout Daniel 2:4 - O king

Verse 25

1 Samuel 8:11-18, Deuteronomy 17:14-20, Ezekiel 45:9, Ezekiel 45:10, Ezekiel 46:16-18, Romans 13:1-7, 1 Timothy 2:2, Titus 3:1, 1 Peter 2:13, 1 Peter 2:14

Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 8:9 - the manner 2 Kings 11:17 - between the king 2 Kings 17:26 - know not

Verse 26

Gibeah: 1 Samuel 11:4, 1 Samuel 15:34, Joshua 18:28, Judges 19:12-16, Judges 20:14, 2 Samuel 21:6

whose hearts: Ezra 1:5, Psalms 110:3, Acts 7:10, Acts 13:48

Reciprocal: Judges 19:13 - Gibeah 1 Samuel 13:2 - in Gibeah 2 Chronicles 13:2 - Gibeah Matthew 21:3 - straightway

Verse 27

children: 1 Samuel 2:12, 1 Samuel 11:12, Deuteronomy 13:13, 2 Samuel 20:1, 2 Chronicles 13:7, Acts 7:35, Acts 7:51, Acts 7:52

brought him: 2 Samuel 8:2, 1 Kings 4:21, 1 Kings 10:25, 2 Chronicles 17:5, Psalms 72:10, Matthew 2:11

he held his peace: or, he was as though he had been deaf, Psalms 38:13, Isaiah 36:21, Matthew 27:12-14

Reciprocal: Genesis 34:5 - now his Genesis 37:8 - reign over us Judges 3:15 - sent a present Judges 11:5 - to fetch Judges 19:22 - sons of Belial 1 Samuel 1:16 - a daughter 1 Samuel 9:21 - my family 1 Samuel 16:20 - an ass laden 1 Chronicles 18:2 - brought gifts 2 Chronicles 9:24 - every man Job 42:11 - every man Proverbs 11:12 - a man 2 Peter 2:10 - despise

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 1 Samuel 10". "Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/1-samuel-10.html.