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Bible Commentaries
1 Chronicles 4

Treasury of Scripture KnowledgeTreasury of Scripture Knowledge

Introduction

Overview

1 Chronicles 4:1, The posterity of Judah by Caleb, the son of Hur; 1 Chronicles 4:5, Of Ashur, the posthumous son Hezron; 1 Chronicles 4:9, Of Jabez, and his prayer; 1 Chronicles 4:11, The other families of the same stock; 1 Chronicles 4:21, The sons of Shelah; 1 Chronicles 4:24, The posterity and cities of Simeon; 1 Chronicles 4:39, Their conquest of Gedor, and of the Amalekites in mount Seir.

Verse 1

am 2283, etc. bc 1721, etc

Pharez: 1 Chronicles 2:5, Genesis 38:29, Genesis 46:12, Numbers 26:20, Numbers 26:21, Ruth 4:18, Matthew 1:3, Luke 3:33, Phares, Esrom

Carmi: 1 Chronicles 2:9, Chelubai, 1 Chronicles 2:18, Caleb

Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 2:7 - Carmi 1 Chronicles 5:3 - Carmi 1 Chronicles 9:4 - Pharez

Verse 2

Reaiah: 1 Chronicles 2:52, Haroeh

Zorathites: 1 Chronicles 2:53, 1 Chronicles 2:54, Joshua 15:33, Judges 13:25

Verse 3

Etam: Judges 15:11, 2 Chronicles 11:6

Verse 4

Gedor: 1 Chronicles 4:18, 1 Chronicles 4:39, Joshua 15:36

Hur: 1 Chronicles 2:19, 1 Chronicles 2:50

Reciprocal: Genesis 4:20 - the 1 Chronicles 2:51 - Salma 1 Chronicles 8:13 - the fathers Micah 5:2 - Ephratah

Verse 5

1 Chronicles 2:24

Reciprocal: Genesis 4:20 - the 2 Chronicles 20:20 - Tekoa

Verse 8

Probably Jabez should be mentioned here; as otherwise he is as a consequent without an antecedent.

Verse 9

more: Genesis 34:19, Isaiah 43:4, Acts 17:11

Jabez: i.e. Sorrowful

I bare him: 1 Chronicles 7:23, Genesis 3:16, Genesis 35:18, 1 Samuel 4:21

Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 2:55 - Jabez Proverbs 23:25 - and she

Verse 10

called: 1 Chronicles 16:8, Genesis 12:8, Job 12:4, Psalms 55:16, Psalms 99:6, Psalms 116:2-4, Jeremiah 33:3, Romans 10:12-14, 1 Corinthians 1:2

the God: Genesis 32:28, Genesis 33:20, 1 Samuel 1:17, Isaiah 41:17

Oh that: etc. Heb. If thou wilt, etc. Luke 19:42

bless me: Genesis 12:2, Genesis 32:26, Psalms 72:17, Acts 3:26, Ephesians 1:3

enlarge: Joshua 17:14-18, Judges 1:27-36, Proverbs 10:22

thine hand: Psalms 119:173, Isaiah 41:10, John 10:28

that thou: Genesis 48:16, Proverbs 30:8, Matthew 6:13, Romans 12:9, Romans 16:19, 2 Timothy 4:18

keep me: Heb. do me

that it may: Psalms 32:3, Psalms 32:4, Psalms 51:8, Psalms 51:12, Matthew 26:75, John 21:17, 2 Corinthians 2:1-7, Ephesians 4:30, Revelation 3:19

God granted: 1 Kings 3:7-13, Job 22:27, Job 22:28, Psalms 21:4, Psalms 65:2, Psalms 66:19, Psalms 66:20, Psalms 116:1, Psalms 116:2, Matthew 7:7-11, Ephesians 3:20

Reciprocal: Genesis 1:28 - General Exodus 34:24 - enlarge Numbers 6:27 - and I will Deuteronomy 12:20 - shall Deuteronomy 33:20 - Blessed 2 Samuel 22:20 - brought 2 Kings 19:15 - O Lord God 1 Chronicles 2:55 - Jabez Proverbs 23:25 - and she Luke 22:40 - Pray John 17:15 - keep 2 Corinthians 13:7 - I pray 2 Thessalonians 3:3 - and

Verse 12

Irnahash: or, the city of Nahash, 1 Chronicles 4:12

Verse 13

Kenaz: Joshua 15:17, Judges 1:13, Judges 3:9-11

Hathath: or, Hathath and Meonathai, who begat, etc

Reciprocal: Judges 3:11 - Othniel 1 Chronicles 27:15 - Othniel

Verse 14

valley: or, inhabitants of the valley

Charashim: that is, craftsmen. 2 Kings 24:14, Nehemiah 11:35

Reciprocal: Genesis 36:43 - father 1 Chronicles 4:23 - General

Verse 15

Caleb: Numbers 13:6, Numbers 13:30, Numbers 14:6-10, Numbers 14:24, Numbers 14:30, Joshua 14:6-14, Joshua 15:13-20, Judges 1:12-14

Kenaz: or, Uknaz

Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 6:56 - Caleb

Verse 16

Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 4:17 - Ezra

Verse 17

Ezra: Ezra seems to be the person before called Asareel in 1 Chronicles 4:16.

and she bare Miriam: It is probable that the latter part of 1 Chronicles 4:18, should be transposed before this passage, which Michaelis thinks is its right place; for otherwise we have the pronoun she without an antecedent, and children born without their father's being mentioned.

Eshtemoa: 1 Chronicles 4:19, 1 Chronicles 6:57, Joshua 15:50, Eshtemoh, 1 Chronicles 21:24, 1 Samuel 30:28

Verse 18

Jehudijah: i.e. Jewess, [Strong's H3057], 1 Chronicles 4:19

Jered: 1 Chronicles 1:2

the father of: 1 Chronicles 4:4, 1 Chronicles 4:39, 1 Chronicles 2:42, Joshua 15:58

Gedor: Gedor was a city in the tribe of Judah; and probably the same which Eusebius calls והןץע, and Jerome Gedrus, ten miles from Diospolis, or Lydda, towards Eleutheropolis.

Heber: Genesis 46:17

Socho: i.e. inclosure; his branch, [Strong's H7755]. 1 Chronicles 4:18, 2 Chronicles 11:7, Shocho, 1 Chronicles 28:18, Also, Joshua 15:35, Joshua 15:48, 1 Samuel 17:1, 1 Kings 4:10

Socho 1. A city of Judah Joshua 15:35, 1 Samuel 17:1, 1 Kings 4:10, 2 Chronicles 11:7, 2. Another city of Judah Joshua 15:48 Jekuthiel: i.e. the fear or veneration or preservation of God; God is almightiness, [Strong's H3354], Joshua 15:34

Bithiah: i.e. worshiper of Jah; daughter of Jah, [Strong's H1332]. daughter of Pharaoh. 1 Kings 3:1, 1 Kings 3:6, 1 Kings 7:8, 1 Kings 9:16, 1 Kings 9:24, 2 Chronicles 8:11

Mered: 1 Chronicles 4:17

Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 12:7 - Gedor Nehemiah 3:13 - Zanoah

Verse 19

Hodiah: or, Jehudijah, mentioned before, 1 Chronicles 4:18

Keilah: Joshua 15:44, 1 Samuel 23:1-13

Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 4:17 - Eshtemoa

Verse 20

Shimon: Shimon is supposed to have been another son of Mered, by Jehudijah. As this latter name signifies a Jewess, it rather favours the opinion that Bithiah was not a Jewess, but an Egyptian.

Verse 21

Shelah: 1 Chronicles 2:3, 1 Chronicles 9:5, Genesis 38:5, Genesis 46:12, Numbers 26:20, Nehemiah 11:5, Shiloni

Verse 22

Reciprocal: Ruth 1:2 - Mahlon

Verse 23

1 Chronicles 4:14, Psalms 81:6

Verse 24

The sons of Simeon: This genealogy differs in many particulars from those in the parallel places; probably being occasioned by the same person's having several names.

Nemuel: Genesis 46:10, Exodus 6:15, Jemuel

Jarib: Numbers 26:12-14, Jachin

Zerah: Genesis 46:10, Zohar

Reciprocal: Genesis 49:7 - I will divide

Verse 27

like to: Heb. unto, Numbers 2:4, Numbers 2:13, Numbers 26:14, Numbers 26:22

Reciprocal: Zechariah 12:13 - Shimei

Verse 28

Beersheba: Beer-sheba was situated twenty miles south of Hebron, according to Eusebius and Jerome, in whose time it was occupied by a Roman garrison. Joshua 15:28, Joshua 15:29, Joshua 19:2, Joshua 19:3, Joshua 19:9

Moladah: Probably the same as Malatha, so often mentioned by Eusebius; from whom it appears it was situated about twenty miles from Hebron.

Reciprocal: Joshua 15:26 - Moladah 1 Chronicles 2:45 - Bethzur

Verse 29

Bilhah: Joshua 19:3, Balah-Azem

Tolad: Joshua 19:4, Eltolad

Reciprocal: Joshua 15:29 - Azem

Verse 30

Bethuel: Joshua 19:4, Bethul

Ziklag: 1 Chronicles 12:1, Joshua 15:31, Joshua 19:5, 1 Samuel 27:6, 1 Samuel 30:1, Nehemiah 11:28

Verse 31

and Hazarsusim: Joshua 19:5, Joshua 19:6, Hazar-susah, Beth-lebaoth, Sharuhen

Verse 32

Etam: Ether, or Etham, was situated near Malatha, according to Eusebius. Joshua 19:7, Ether, Remmon

Ashan: Eusebius say Beth-ashan was sixteen miles west of Jerusalem.

Reciprocal: Judges 15:11 - the rock Etam 1 Chronicles 6:59 - Ashan 2 Chronicles 11:6 - Etam Zechariah 14:10 - Rimmon

Verse 33

Baal: Joshua 19:8, Baalath-beer

their genealogy: or, as they divided themselves by nations among them

Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 4:41 - these written Ezra 8:1 - genealogy

Verse 34

Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 6:45 - Amaziah

Verse 38

mentioned by their names: Heb. coming by names, 1 Chronicles 5:24, Genesis 6:4

Verse 39

they went: This expedition of the Simeonites took place in the days of Hezekiah, and, as Calmet conjectures, near the time of the captivity of the ten tribes; when the remnant of Simeon would feel themselves obliged to retire more southward into Arabia Petrea, for fear of the Jews, and to seek pasture for their flocks.

Gedor: 1 Chronicles 4:4, 1 Chronicles 4:18, Joshua 12:13, Geder, Joshua 15:58

Reciprocal: Genesis 49:7 - I will divide 1 Chronicles 12:7 - Gedor

Verse 40

the land: Judges 18:7-10

Ham: These were probably either Philistines or Egyptians, who dwelt at Gedor. Genesis 9:22-29, Genesis 10:6, Psalms 78:51, Psalms 105:23

Reciprocal: Genesis 14:5 - Zuzims Genesis 49:7 - I will divide

Verse 41

these written: 1 Chronicles 4:33-38

Hezekiah: 2 Kings 18:8-12, Isaiah 14:28-32

the habitations: Or, the Meunnim, or Maonites. Judges 10:12, Jeremiah 49:20, Acts 17:26

pasture: Numbers 32:1-4

Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 5:22 - steads 2 Chronicles 14:15 - the tents of cattle

Verse 42

mount Seir: Genesis 36:8, Genesis 36:9, Deuteronomy 1:2

Verse 43

the rest: That is, those who escaped in the war which Saul, and afterwards David, made against them. Exodus 17:14-16, Deuteronomy 25:17-19, 1 Samuel 15:7, 1 Samuel 15:8, 1 Samuel 30:17, 2 Samuel 8:12

unto this day: Deuteronomy 34:6, Judges 1:26, 2 Chronicles 5:9, Jeremiah 44:6, Matthew 27:8, Matthew 28:15

Reciprocal: Numbers 24:20 - his latter end Deuteronomy 25:19 - thou shalt

Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 1 Chronicles 4". "Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/1-chronicles-4.html.
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