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Bible Commentaries

Scofield's Reference Notes

Exodus 20

Verse 4

shalt not make

There is a threefold giving of the law. First, orally, in Exodus 20:1-17. This was pure law, with no provision of priesthood and sacrifice for failure, and was accompanied by the "judgments" ; Exodus 21:1-13; relating to the relations of Hebrew with Hebrew; to which were added Exodus 23:14-19 directions for keeping three annual feasts, and Exodus 23:20-33 instructions for the conquest of Canaan. These words Moses communicated to the people. Exodus 24:3-8. Immediately, in the persons of their elders, they were admitted to the fellowship of God. Exodus 24:9-11.

Second, Moses was then called up to receive the tables of stone. Exodus 24:12-18. The story then divides. Moses, in the mount, receives the gracious instructions concerning the tabernacle, priesthood, and sacrifice (Ex 25.-31.) Meantime (Exodus 32:0.), the people, led by Aaron, break the first commandment. Moses, returning, breaks the tables "written with the finger of God." ; Exodus 31:18; Exodus 32:16-19.

Third, the second tables were made by Moses, and the law again written by the hand of Jehovah Exodus 34:1; Exodus 34:28; Exodus 34:29; Deuteronomy 10:4.

Verse 18

afar off

For contrast between law and grace, cf. Ephesians 2:13; Luke 1:10 with Hebrews 10:19-22.

Verse 20


(See Scofield " :-") .

Copyright Statement
These files are considered public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available in the Online Bible Software Library.
Bibliographical Information
Scofield, C. I. "Scofield Reference Notes on Exodus 20". "Scofield Reference Notes (1917 Edition)". 1917.