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BOOK II.— PSS. XLII.– LXXII.
Psalms 42-83 are Elohistic, i.e. they use the word God (Elohim) and avoid the proper name Yahweh, probably from motives of reverence. Here and there, however, the name Yahweh has crept into the text by a natural slip of the scribes.
LIX. The Ps. seems to be directed against Jewish and not foreign enemies. It might well be a prayer for the downfall of the aristocratic Sadducees. On the other hand in Psalms 59:5 and Psalms 59:8 the Psalmist prays against “ heathen.” But a slight change gives the word we need, viz. “ proud” ( cf. Psalms 9:17).
Psalms 59:6 is a variant of Psalms 59:14; it is in its right place after Psalms 59:13.
Psalms 59:7 . Swords: read “ insulting words.”— Who doth hear? Nobody, they think, hears, i.e. nobody of any consequence. Especially God does not hear.
Psalms 59:11 . The Psalmist desires not a sudden victory over the wicked. That might make a great impression at the time and soon be forgotten. He prays rather that they may be gradually displaced, till the Law reigns supreme in Israel.
Psalms 59:14 f. Translate “ Every evening they come again and howl like a dog.” Probably the meaning is that the enemies of the pious make raids on the city by night.— tarry: read “ murmur” (LXX).
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Peake, Arthur. "Commentary on Psalms 59". "Peake's Commentary on the Bible ". https://studylight.org/
the Week of Proper 8 / Ordinary 13