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Bible Commentaries
Psalms 148

Poole's English Annotations on the Holy BiblePoole's Annotations


Psalms 148:0


The nature of this Psalm is for substance the same with the former, containing an invitation to all the creatures to praise God for his manifold blessings.

The psalmist exhorteth all celestial and terrestrial creatures, especially man, to praise God for his favour and mercy to his church.

Verse 1

From the heavens; all the host of heaven, which he particularly expresseth in the following verses.

In the heights; in those high and heavenly places.

Verse 2

He inviteth the angels here, and the senseless creatures afterward, to praise God; not as if the former needed, or the latter were capable of, his exhortation, but only by a poetical rapture; the design whereof is, that men by this means might be more provoked to this duty. The angels are called

hosts, here and 1 Kings 22:19, for their vast numbers, exquisite order, and perfect subjection to their General, the Lord of hosts.

Verse 3

Sun and moon; you which are adored by the blind heathens for gods, you are but his creatures, and therefore were obliged, if you were capable, to worship and praise him for your glorious light and powerful influences.

Verse 4

Ye heavens of heavens; ye highest and most glorious heavens, the place of God’s throne and glorious presence, as this phrase is used, Deuteronomy 10:14; 1 Kings 8:27; Nehemiah 9:6; Psalms 115:16. Or, ye starry heavens, which also may well be so called, because they are above the air, which is oft. called heaven in Scripture.

Ye waters that be above the heavens; ye clouds, which are above a part of the heavens; of which See Poole "Genesis 1:7".

Verse 5

They owe their being wholly to God’s good will.

Verse 6

Stablished them for ever and ever; either absolutely, as to the substance of them, or at least to the end of the world. He hath made them constant and incorruptible, not changeable and perishing, as the things of the lower world are.

Made a decree; either concerning their several courses and influences; or rather, for their continuance for ever; which best agrees with the foregoing and following words.

Which shall not pass; which decree shall never be made void.

Verse 7


1. Dragons and serpents, which abide in the deep caverns and holes of the earth; or,

2. Whales or other sea-monsters, which dwell in the depths of the sea, which are oft called by this name, as Job 7:12; Ezekiel 29:3, and elsewhere, as the word here rendered

deeps is most commonly used concerning the sea.

Verse 8

Fire; lightnings and other fire-works of the air.

Vapours, or fumes; hot exhalations, as the word properly signifies, as cold exhalations are comprehended under the title of snow. And both of them, arising from the earth, are here fitly mentioned as belonging to it.

Fulfilling his word; executing his commands, either for the comfort and refreshment, or for the punishment, of the inhabitants of the earth.

Verse 9

Admirable for your height, and strength, and use, though not for your fruit.

Verse 11

Kings of the earth; who, though you are called gods, and adored like gods by your subjects, yet are but men, and the creatures and subjects of this sovereign Lord, to whom you owe both your being, and all your power and dignity.

Verse 13

Not so much in place as in excellency, above all the glories which are in earth and in heaven.

Verse 14

Exalteth the horn of his people, to wit, above the horns of all the people in the world, in respect of their spiritual and eternal privileges, as it here follows.

The horn in Scripture doth commonly note strength, victory, glory, and felicity, as Deuteronomy 33:17, and everywhere.

The praise; either,

1. He is the praise, as God is called, Deuteronomy 10:21, to wit, the God of their praise, as Psalms 119:1, the chiefest object and matter of it: or,

2. Which is the praise; which work of God in exalting their horn is their glory, and maketh them praiseworthy, or obligeth and provoketh them in a singular manner to perform this great duty of praising God, which is so generally neglected by others. Near unto him, by special relation, and friendship, and covenant, and by familiar intercourses; God manifesting his face and favour to them, and they frequently and solemnly approaching into his presence, and worshipping him at his footstool.

Bibliographical Information
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Psalms 148". Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://studylight.org/commentaries/eng/mpc/psalms-148.html. 1685.
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