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Bible Commentaries

Kingcomments on the Whole Bible

Exodus 8

Verses 1-4

Announcement of the Second Plague


Moses is again given the task to go to Pharaoh to command him in the name of the LORD to let His people go so that they may serve Him. If Pharaoh refuses, the second plague must be announced. From the Nile will come countless frogs that will flood the land.

Frogs are considered sacred by the Egyptians and treated with respect. They should therefore not be killed. These idols now take the form of a plague under the judgmental hand of God.

Verses 5-7

The Second Plague: Frogs


Pharaoh does not listen and the plague comes. The frogs come from the Nile, the symbol of natural blessings. What God has meant to be a blessing becomes a plague. The frogs are a picture of unclean spirits, especially of sexual impurity: “And I saw [coming] out of the mouth of the dragon and out of the mouth of the beast and out of the mouth of the false prophet, three unclean spirits like frogs; for they are spirits of demons, performing signs, which go out to the kings of the whole world, to gather them together for the war of the great day of God, the Almighty. (“Behold, I am coming like a thief. Blessed is the one who stays awake and keeps his clothes, so that he will not walk about naked and men will not see his shame.”)” (Rev 16:13-15).

The love between husband and wife in marriage is a natural blessing that God has given to mankind. That blessing has become a curse. Examples for instance are homosexual relationships, non-marital or pre-marital sexual intercourse, pornography in magazines and via television and the Internet, sex shops and sex clubs.

This plague enters the homes of the Egyptians and also those of the Israelites. There is not put a division yet, for God puts that division from the fourth plague. This plague overruns the world and also invades the homes of Christians. Sometimes unsolicited via advertising leaflets through the mailbox, but unfortunately also because the homes are open to this. The impurity comes into the bedrooms, into the beds. The warning in Hebrews 13 is important and significant in this context (Heb 13:4).

The frogs come into the kneading bowls, indicating that it is mixed with the food. This is the kind of food that is passed on to the public through the mass media. The consumption of this contaminated food cannot fail. Gay marriages and their blessing in the church have become practice. He, who is not practicing it himself, justifies it. Love is from God, isn’t it?

This impurity is the result of not acknowledging God. Therefore He gives a plague like this. The application for our days is clear (Rom 1:24-28 and note the word “therefore”). Man who sidelines God calls this plague upon himself. Man who does not recognize God dishonors himself. The lusts that he seeks to satisfy, results from his abandonment of God. Returning to Him is the only thing that helps to eradicate the plague.

The magicians do the same with their secret arts and also let frogs come up on the land of Egypt. They cannot remove the plague, they can only make it worse. In the application we see this with so-called Christian leaders who parrot the philosophers. What the Bible calls impurity, they call a ‘natural, healthy development’. The power of the Word of God is taken away and the plague only gets worse.

Verses 8-11

Pharaoh Asks for Intercession


To this plague Pharaoh does respond. He calls Moses and Aaron and asks for prayer that the frogs will disappear. He claims that he will then let the people go. It is a striking proof of grace that Moses says to Pharaoh that he may decide when he will pray. Pharaoh determines that moment to be tomorrow. Perhaps he thinks that by getting a bit of delay the frogs will disappear by themselves.

Many people who are in need will not immediately admit that it is God’s hand that weighs heavily on them. They postpone a decision for a while, hoping that the pressure ‘tomorrow’ will be a bit lighter.

Verses 12-15

The Prayer of Moses Answered


Moses calls to the LORD, and the LORD does according to the word of Moses. Because Pharaoh himself has determined the time of the removal of the frogs, and it also happens at that time, it must be clear to him that he is dealing with the LORD Himself. Therefore, he is fully accountable that he hardens his heart again when the plague is taken away.

That is how man is by nature. Those who resist the clear speaking of God are even more difficult to convince when God next speaks. God has spoken in judgment, but also in grace through the prayer of Moses. There is, however, nothing by which Pharaoh’s heart is softened. For the awakened Christian, these things are signs that show that God brings His judgments to the world. The coming of the Lord is near.

Verses 16-19

The Third Plague: Gnats


The third plague comes, this time without any further announcement, because Aaron stretches his staff and strikes the dust of the earth. The plague affects all people and beasts. The magicians try to imitate this plague, but they don’t succeed. When life is brought forth from the dead dust, the power of satan ends. The magicians must acknowledge that this is the work of God.

The expression “the finger of God” is also found in Luke 11 (Lk 11:20). The parallel text in Matthew 12 shows that “the finger of God” means the Holy Spirit (Mt 12:28). Of the law it is said that it is “written by the finger of God” (Exo 31:18; Deu 9:10). There, “the finger of God” shows the authority of His Word. In Psalm 8 God’s creative power is described as “the work of Your fingers” (Psa 8:3).

Only God the Holy Spirit is able to give new life in the heart of a dead sinner, a man formed of dust from the ground. He will also “give life” to the “mortal bodies” of the believers “through His Spirit” Who dwells in them (Rom 8:11). That will happen at the return of the Lord Jesus to take the believers to Himself. He will do this by changing the living believers and by raising the deceased believers: “Behold, I tell you a mystery; we will not all sleep, but we will all be changed, in a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trumpet; for the trumpet will sound, and the dead will be raised imperishable, and we will be changed” (1Cor 15:51-52).

The gnats come out of the dust. In Psalm 22, dust is linked to death (Psa 22:15c). After man had sinned, God pronounced the judgment of death: “For you are dust, and to dust you shall return” (Gen 3:19b). The dust becomes gnats, which are insects that suck out blood, life, from man. Our complicated society is full of gnats. Countless people are anxious, confused, nervous, suspicious. The psychiatric hospitals are becoming increasingly full. Spiritual tensions are increasing hand over hand. Many are driven to suicide. Life no longer makes sense for them, it no longer offers a future. The gnats do their destructive work.

Here, too, there is no distinction between Egypt and Israel. Many believers get swept up in the maelstrom of life. For them, life becomes an agitated existence with nerve-wracking, excessive efforts and torments. The peace and quiet have disappeared. Here too, the gnats do their destructive work.

There is a way to prevent the gnats from feasting on our blood. On that the Lord Jesus points when He says: “He who eats My flesh and drinks My blood abides in Me, and I in him” (Jn 6:56). Those who find their daily rest and calmness in the death of the Lord Jesus, who take the time to occupy themselves with Him and His work on the cross, remain beyond the reach of the gnats. This also requires a certain amount of effort: you have to make time for it in your agenda and take action to spend time with Him Who said: “Come to Me, all who are weary and heavy-laden, and I will give you rest” (Mt 11:28).

Verses 20-21

Announcement of the Fourth Plague


Moses is ordered to go to Pharaoh early in the morning. He will be found near the water as usual. Moses must stand before Pharaoh, he must block him on his wicked way, without any fear of this mighty man. Again he must command him on behalf of the LORD to let His people go to serve Him. If Pharaoh does not do this, it will result in a new plague.

That the LORD sends Moses early in the morning to the Nile to stand there before Pharaoh, means that not only Moses gets up early, but also Pharaoh. Pharaoh undoubtedly does this to perform idolatrous worship at the Nile. People of the world are sometimes also disciplined when it comes to performing all kinds of rituals to which they attach their happiness. They sometimes make efforts, by which believers, those who say they know the Lord, can take an example from.

Again and again Pharaoh finds Moses and Aaron in his way. He will certainly have seen them as people who plunge Egypt into misfortune. This is also how Ahab later looks at Elijah (1Kgs 18:17). Ahab and Pharaoh both forget that they themselves drag the people they are responsible for into ruin.

Verses 22-23

A Division Between God’s People and Egypt


This plague has a peculiarity that is missing with the previous plagues. From this plague God sets apart His people from Egypt (Exo 8:22). The setting apart is a deliverance. God calls this setting apart a “sign” (Exo 8:23). If satan hates anything, it is that God’s people keep to the separation God has made for His people from the world.

Verse 24

The fourth plague: flies


The flies, possibly a mixture of all kinds of vermin, transmit all kinds of diseases. This pollutes and corrupts people’s lives. As an application for our time we can think of all kinds of irritations, jealousy, harassment, thwarting each other in all possible ways. These things destroy the atmosphere between people and make life unbearable, like loud music at the neighbors, traffic misbehavior, challenging behavior in the shop and so many other things which cause irritation.

Believers will not suffer from these things if they really behave as God’s people, as God’s children. Unfortunately, how often do we participate in slanderous talk about others, or say things behind someone’s back?

Pharaoh sees that this plague makes the society of his people very difficult. It is the same with “senseless” violence. Everyone is calling out ”this shouldn’t happen again” and they organize protest marches to indicate that this ‘plague’ must stop. But no man puts his hand into his own bosom, where the real evil is.

Verses 25-27

Moses Rejects the Compromise


For the first time Pharaoh makes an offer to let the people go to serve God. However, he does attach a condition to this. That condition means that the people serve God in his land, Egypt. He wants to keep the distance between him and the people of God as small as possible. He says as it were: “Serve me and God.”

Even if a believer takes seriously his separation from the world, satan comes with his proposals, as Pharaoh does here. He wants to talk about that. Four times he proposes a compromise (Exo 8:25; 28; Exo 10:7-9; 24). He will dispute every centimeter of space. But God and Moses, and everyone who belongs to God through faith in the Lord Jesus, will be satisfied with nothing but clear separation from the world which crucified Christ.

This compromise is unacceptable to Moses. Whoever is truly a child of God cannot possibly stay in the world. By baptism he testifies that he wants to be free from it. Only then is he really free to serve God. He then, in picture, has passed through the Red Sea and has come into the wilderness.

The answer of Moses speaks of the death and the resurrection of the Lord Jesus: the people must go into the wilderness a three days’ journey. The service that the people want to keep before their God is an abomination for the world. If the Egyptians see the Israelites slaughter a bull or cow, animals that they consider sacred, they will stone the Israelites. Any sacrifice to God that a believer may be required to make, but which an unbeliever claims for himself as his right or entitlement, arouses that person’s anger.

Verse 28

Second Compromise Proposal


Pharaoh then comes up with a second cunning offer. They may go into the wilderness, but not too far. They must remain under his sphere of influence. So not the three days’ journey into the wilderness. In picture it means: not a service to God in connection with and based on the death and the resurrection of the Lord Jesus.

As long as a believer does not live in accordance with the judgment on the cross over his sins and in the power of the resurrection of the Lord Jesus, satan will let him go. As believers, we must ask ourselves: Is the world really crucified to me and I to the world? For Paul this is so (Gal 6:14).

After his offer, Pharaoh asks Moses for the second time to make supplication for him.

Verses 29-32

Moses Makes Supplication for Pharaoh


Moses does not respond to Pharaoh’s proposal, he doesn’t pay attention to it. We must also serve God without any compromise and without any influence from the world. The journey of three days into the wilderness must be made.

Moses is willing to make supplication for Pharaoh again. With this he is in line with the great patience of God. Once again he appeals to the conscience of Pharaoh. More and more it becomes clear how adamant his heart is. Although there really is nothing left of the plague, showing how effective the supplication of Moses is and how complete the answer by the LORD is, Pharaoh still dares not let the people go.

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Kingcomments on the Whole Bible © 2021 Author: G. de Koning. All rights reserved. Used with the permission of the author
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Bibliographical Information
de Koning, Ger. Commentaar op Exodus 8". "Kingcomments on the Whole Bible". https://studylight.org/commentaries/eng/kng/exodus-8.html. 'Stichting Titus' / 'Stichting Uitgeverij Daniël', Zwolle, Nederland. 2021.