Bible Commentaries
Genesis 14

Geneva Study BibleGeneva Study Bible

Verse 1

14:1 And it came to pass in the days of Amraphel king of {a} Shinar, Arioch king of Ellasar, Chedorlaomer king of Elam, and Tidal king of {b} nations;

(a) That is, of Babylon: by kings here, meaning, them that were governors of cities.

(b) Of a people gathered from various countries.

Verse 3

14:3 All these were {c} joined together in the vale of Siddim, which is the {d} salt sea.

(c) Ambition is the chief cause of wars among princes.

(d) Called also the dead sea, or the lake Asphaltite, near Sodom and Gomorrah.

Verse 10

14:10 And the {e} vale of Siddim [was full of] slimepits; and the kings of Sodom and Gomorrah fled, and fell there; and they that remained fled to the mountain.

(e) And afterward was overwhelmed with water, and so was called the salt sea.

Verse 12

14:12 And they {f} took Lot, Abram’s brother’s son, who dwelt in Sodom, and his goods, and departed.

(f) The godly are plagued many times with the wicked: therefore their company is dangerous.

Verse 13

14:13 And there came one that had escaped, and told Abram the Hebrew; for he dwelt in the plain of Mamre the Amorite, brother of Eshcol, and brother of Aner: and these [were] {g} confederate with Abram.

(g) God removed them to join Abram, and preserves him from their idolatry and superstitions.

Verse 18

14:18 And Melchizedek king of Salem {h} brought forth bread and wine: and he [was] the priest of the most high God.

(h) For Abram and his soldiers refreshment, not to offer sacrifice.

Verse 19

14:19 And he {i} blessed him, and said, Blessed [be] Abram of the most high God, possessor of heaven and earth:

(i) Melchizedek fed Abram, declared himself to represent a king, and he blessed him as the high priest.

Verse 24

14:24 {k} Save only that which the young men have eaten, and the portion of the men which went with me, Aner, Eshcol, and Mamre; let them take their portion.

(k) He did not want his liberality to be hurtful to others.

Bibliographical Information
Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on Genesis 14". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". 1599-1645.