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Bible Commentaries

Godbey's Commentary on the New Testament

Philemon 1

Verses 1-3

1-3. This beautiful introductory is addressed to Philemon and Apphia and Archippus, the sanctified wife and husband complimented with a class- leadership in the Church organized in the capacious mansion of their sanctified landlord.

Verses 4-6

4-6. Paul testifies to the high Christian character and beautiful experience of Philemon, replete with Divine love and faith toward the Lord Jesus.

Verse 7

7. For I had much joy and consolation over thy Divine love, because the hearts of the saints have been refreshed by thee, O my brother. ” The lordly mansion of this wealthy Asiatic was the rendezvous of God’s humble saints, where they worshipped in primitive simplicity radiant with the beauty of holiness, and enjoyed the generous hospitality of their kind host.

Verse 8

8. Therefore having much boldness in Christ to enjoin upon you the thing which is right, I the more exhort you for the sake of the Divine love; being such as Paul the aged, and now a prisoner of Christ Jesus. ” This letter is replete with unearthly beauty and inspired wisdom, modestly and shrewdly utilized in the interest of Onesimus, the bearer, now gloriously saved and returning to his Christian master, from whom he had fled away while a sinner.

Verse 10

10. I exhort thee concerning my child, whom I begot in my bonds, Onesimus,

Verse 11

11. Who at one time was unprofitable to thee, but now profitable both to thee and to me, whom I have sent back to thee, him, that is my own heart. ” See the intense fatherly kindness, and the deep parental love and Christian affection in the Pauline references to Onesimus.

Verse 13

13. Whom I wish to have with me, in order that he may minister to me in thy behalf in the bonds of the gospel,

Verse 14

14. But without thy consent I did not wish to do anything, in order that thy benefaction may not be according to constraint, but willingly. ” Onesimus, though when a sinner, doubtless a contrary and unprofitable servant in the house of Philemon, is now so gloriously saved that he is all right, either for manual labor, servile drudgery, or the soul-saving work in Paul’s city mission; yet the apostle, fully recognizing the claims of his master, sends him back to meet him face to face, rectify all past wrongs, and mutually participate the joy of the Lord in his conversion.

Verse 15

15. For he suddenly departed for an hour on this account, that you may receive him eternally,

Verse 16

16. No longer as a slave, but above a slave, a brother beloved, especially to me, and much more to Thee, both in the flesh and in the Lord. ” Paul knowing the genuine Christian character of Philemon, and having all confidence in the glorious experience of Onesimus, is perfectly assured of his joyous reception by his Christian master, who will be so delighted with his thrilling testimony to the mighty work wrought in his heart, that, forgetting all about his former slavery, he will gladly receive him as a brother beloved in the Lord.

Verse 17

17. Therefore, if you have me a comrade, receive him as myself. ” Observe the triumphant spiritual boldness of Paul, having such implicit confidence

in the testimony and character of Onesimus that he actually puts himself in his place.

Verse 18

18. But if he has done you injustice as to anything, or is in debt to you, set it down to me.

Verse 19

19. I, Paul, have written with my own hand, I will pay it. ” See the wonderful faith of Paul in financial matters! Though a prisoner in bonds, and utterly disqualified to prosecute any remunerative employment, and not worth a nickel, he boldly assumes all financial responsibility in behalf of this poor fugitive slave, his son in the gospel. In all the great Pauline series he dictated to an amanuensis, except this brief letter and the epistle to the Galatians. “In order that I may not say to thee, that thou owest thyself unto me.” See what an adroit turn he makes on Philemon! “ Though I go the security of Onesimus, and will pay all of his indebtedness to you, do not forget that you owe yourself to me. Satan had you by the throat, till I broke his grip and delivered you. Therefore you are indebted to me for saving your scalp. Hence, by the time you pay me all you owe me, I can well afford to pay the debts of Onesimus.

Verse 20

20. Yea, brother, I rejoice over thee in the Lord; refresh my heart in Christ. Having confidence in thy obedience, I have written unto you, knowing that thou wilt do above those things which I say. ” Paul runs on Philemon the argumentum a fortiori, having asked so much of him in behalf of his restored fugitive slave i. e., his manumission and joyful reception in the brotherhood of Christ he now climaxes all of these demands by the affirmation of his unwavering confidence in Philemon, not only to verify them all, but to go far beyond. With this triumphant conclusion of complete victory for Onesimus in the home of his old master, he now drops the subject, and proceeds to anticipate a happy visit that delightful Christian home, which, in the good providence of God, he doubtless enjoyed after his acquittal in his first trial at Rome, when he went East on his long farewell peregrinations among the Churches of Asia and Europe. Among the Christian workers in Paul’s mission at Rome at the time of this writing we see Demas, who afterward, in the track of Judas, went back to Satan for filthy lucre. I awfully fear Judas and Demas have many clerical successors at the present day, alienated from the God they once loved and ruined by the love of money.

Verse 25

25. The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ be with your spirit. ” This benediction is exceedingly beautiful for its brevity and comprehensibility. I recommend it to you all. The saints of God have a rich treasure in these beautiful apostolic benedictions found at the conclusion of every epistle.

In 1884, the last time I ever saw Bishop McTyeire, of precious memory (for he went to heaven that year), I heard him use this benediction in the dismission of the Kentucky Conference.

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Bibliographical Information
Godbey, William. "Commentary on Philemon 1". "Godbey's Commentary on the New Testament".