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Bible Commentaries

Darby's Synopsis of the New Testament

1 Peter 2

1:1 sojourners (e-8) As ch. 2.11; Hebrews 11:13 .

Verse 2

2:2 mental (a-8) The word here translated 'mental' has the sense of 'suited to the rational faculties' -- the mind in contrast with the body -- yet I believe there is allusion to logos , from which it is derived, and I have added 'of the word' to mark this allusion.

Verse 6

2:6 scripture. (b-7) See Isaiah 28:16 . him (c-23) Or 'trusts in it,' that is, the Stone, Christ. 'On' ( epi ) implies reliance on; confidence in; the mind looking to another with trust. see 2 Timothy 1:12 .

Verse 7

2:7 disobedient, (d-12) Or 'disbelieving.' See ch. 3.20 and 4.17. corner, (e-28) Or 'is become chief corner stone,' Psalms 118:22 .

Verse 8

2:8 disobedient (d-16) Or 'disbelieving.' See ch. 3.20 and 4.17. offence; (f-9) Lit. 'fall trap,' as Romans 9:33 ; 1 Corinthians 1:23 . see Note, Matthew 13:57 . Cited from Isaiah 8:14 .

Verse 9

2:9 nation, (g-12) See Exodus 19:6 .

Verse 10

2:10 mercy. (h-20) I have endeavoured to express the perfect participle of the verb 'to show mercy' by 'enjoying mercy,' and the aorist participle of the same verb by 'having found mercy.' See Hosea 1:10 ; Hosea 2:23 .

Verse 11

2:11 sojourners, (i-8) See Note, ch. 1.1. which (k-14) Which have this character, not simply 'which.'

Verse 12

2:12 conversation (l-3) i.e. 'manner of life.' which (m-13) The expression here does not mean exactly 'whereas' or 'wherein.' It is rather 'in that respect in which.' He does not mean in that particular thing exactly, but in respect of that very walk and course of conduct.

Verse 15

2:15 men; (n-19) 'Senseless men' has the article here, as showing that it is not 'some men who are foolish,' but that men (not Christians) are so, are known in that character. It is the character of all who are pointed out by the name of 'men.' It is somewhat wider than 'Gentiles,' ver. 12.

Verse 16

2:16 malice, (o-12) In the Greek there are articles before 'liberty' and 'malice,' thus emphasizing the contrast. 'that thing liberty as cloak of that thing malice.'

Verse 17

2:17 to (a-3) 'Shew honour' is the aorist; the other verbs in this verse are the present tense. Hence, 'shew honour' is more the act when occasion arises; the others, the constant habit of mind. brotherhood, (b-7) Only here and ch. 5.9.

Verse 18

2:18 Servants, (c-1) 'Household servants,' as Romans 14:4 , not necessarily slaves. subject (d-3) See Note n, ch. 3.1.

Verse 20

2:20 bear (e-13) Hupomeno , 'endure patiently.' see 2 Timothy 2:12 ; James 5:7 (Note f). good (f-18) Not only 'good' in the sense of 'right,' but 'beneficent.' I think his mind goes beyond the servants to doing good generally as Christians.

Verse 21

2:21 model (g-18) A copy, as we say, to write from.

Verse 22

2:22 mouth; (h-11) See Isaiah 53:9 .

Verse 23

2:23 into (i-15) The Greek means to deliver up into the hands of another, not committing a wrong to another to vindicate. The sense must be 'gave himself up to, suffered all, as accepting all from his hand.' gave himself up to take whatever he sent who would in the end righteously judge. It has the sense of committing any one to the care of another. See Acts 14:26 ; Acts 15:40 . 'committed.' Compare John 19:30 . 'delivered up.'

Verse 24

2:24 to (k-17) Or 'having done with;' but better as in text. stripes (l-26) Or 'bruise.' Though the word is in the singular, it is literally the marks left by scourging. 'Stripe' does not convey this. healed. (m-30) Isaiah 53:5 .

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Bibliographical Information
Darby, John. "Commentary on 1 Peter 2". "John Darby's Synopsis of the New Testament". 1857-67.