Millions miss a meal or two each day.
Help us change that! Click to donate today!
- 1 Peter
by Thomas Constable
This epistle claims that the Apostle Peter wrote it (1Pe_1:1). Since there is only one Peter who was an apostle, we may be confident of the identity of the writer. There is only one Peter that the entire New Testament mentioned. For parallels between 1 Peter and Peter’s sermons in Acts, compare 1Pe_1:20 with Act_2:23; 1Pe_2:7-8 with Act_4:10-11 (cf. Mat_21:42); and 1Pe_4:5 with Act_10:42. Scholars did not question Peter’s authorship until the nineteenth century when destructive biblical criticism became popular. [Note: See Charles Bigg, A Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the Epistles of St. Peter and St. Jude, pp. 7-15; and Donald A. Carson and Douglas J. Moo, An Introduction to the New Testament, pp. 641-46..]
"The epistle has been well known and consistently acknowledged as Petrine from the second century well into modern times. . . .
"Aside from the four Gospels and the letters of Paul, the external attestation for 1 Peter is as strong, or stronger, than that for any NT book. There is no evidence anywhere of controversy over its authorship or authority" [Note: J. Ramsey Michaels, 1 Peter, pp. xxxii, xxxiv.]
In contrast, there has been much controversy over the authorship of 2 Peter.
Peter first sent this letter to believers living in the northern regions of Asia Minor (1Pe_1:1). The locations of these Christians as well as allusions in the epistle indicate that they were mainly Gentiles but also Jews (e.g., 1Pe_1:14; 1Pe_2:10).
Peter died in the 60s and spent the last decade of his life in Rome according to reliable tradition. The exact date of Peter’s martyrdom is a matter of debate among scholars. One wrote that the traditional date of Peter’s death was A.D. 64. [Note: Peter H. Davids, The First Epistle of Peter, p. 8.] Another claimed that it was A.D. 67. [Note: Leonhard Goppelt, A Commentary on I Peter, pp. 10-14.] Many interpreters have regarded Peter’s reference to Babylon (1Pe_5:13) as a reference to Rome that Peter described as Babylon to highlight its paganism.
"Since the historical city of Babylon in Mesopotamia, often mentioned in the pages of the Old Testament, had no Jewish population in Peter’s day (see Josephus, Ant. 18.371-79) and was almost deserted in A.D. 115 when the Emperor Trajan visited, almost no one thinks Peter wrote his letter from there. Another, very small Roman military colony in Egypt called ’Babylon’ existed in Peter’s day, but this too is a very unlikely provenance for 1 Peter." [Note: Carson and Moo, p. 646.]
In view of all this information it seems likely that Peter wrote this epistle from Rome about A.D. 64. [Note: See my comments on 5:13 for additional support for this conclusion.]
Theologically this epistle is eschatological (dealing with the end times). Along with its eschatological focus there is much emphasis on holiness (personal, social, and communal), hope, salvation, community, relationship to the world, the Trinity, and especially suffering. [Note: For further discussion, see Davids, pp. 14-23, 30-44; and Michaels, pp. lxvii-lxxv.]
"Nowhere in the New Testament . . . are the priestly and the prophetic elements in Christianity so closely fused as in I Peter." [Note: Selwyn, p. 2.]
". . . much of the material in 1 Peter is the stuff of basic Christian teaching rather than advanced instruction that assumes the mastery (and perhaps the perversion) of the basics, as in the Pauline letters." [Note: Davids, p. 11.]
". . . despite its brevity-only 105 verses in all-it is a microcosm of Christian faith and duty, the model of a pastoral charge, composed of divers materials and of many themes." [Note: Selwyn, p. 1.]
"Probably no other letter in the New Testament is said to rely so much on traditional material as is 1 Peter. . . . Scholars estimate that no other book in the New Testament, with the exception of Hebrews and Revelation, depends so heavily on the Old Testament." [Note: Carson and Moo, p. 640.]
"The Greek of the letter is smooth and competent, with rhetorical flourishes. Indeed, along with Hebrews and Luke-Acts, it is some of the best Greek in the New Testament." [Note: Ibid, p. 642.]
"In many . . . respects, 1 Peter and James form a matched pair within the NT canon. They are Christian diaspora letters roughly similar in length, one directed (probably from Jerusalem) to scattered messianic Jews (i.e., Christians) who are real Jews, and the other directed from ’Babylon’ to scattered ’Jews’ who are in fact Gentile Christians." [Note: Michaels, p. xlvii. See E. M. Sidebottom, James, Jude, 2 Peter, pp. 15-16, for other similarities between 1 Peter and James.]
Peter stated his reason for writing, namely, to encourage his readers, who were facing persecution for their faith, to stand firm (1Pe_5:12). Evidently this persecution was widespread among his readers. Local enemies of the gospel were not the only people responsible for it. When Paul traveled around the Roman Empire preaching the gospel, some churches he planted experienced persecution from the unsaved in their communities, but others did not. However 1 Peter reflects persecution of the Christians throughout northern Asia Minor. This condition prevailed after Nero blamed the Christians for burning Rome in July of A.D. 64. While persecution seems to have been widespread, it may not have been official yet. [Note: E. G. Selwyn, The First Epistle of Peter, pp. 52-56.]
I. Introduction 1Pe_1:1-2
II. The identity of Christians 1Pe_1:3 to 1Pe_2:10
A. Our great salvation 1Pe_1:3-12
1. The hope of our salvation 1Pe_1:3-5
2. The joy of our salvation 1Pe_1:6-9
3. The witnesses of our salvation 1Pe_1:10-12
B. Our new way of life 1Pe_1:13-25
1. A life of holiness 1Pe_1:13-16
2. A life of reverence 1Pe_1:17-21
3. A life of love 1Pe_1:22-25
C. Our priestly calling 1Pe_2:1-10
1. Listening to God 1Pe_2:1-3
2. Growing in God 1Pe_2:4-5
3. Building on Christ 1Pe_2:6-8
4. Summary affirmation of our identity 1Pe_2:9-10
III. The responsibilities of Christians individually 1Pe_2:11 to 1Pe_4:11
A. Our mission in the world 1Pe_2:11-12
B. Respect for others 1Pe_2:13 to 1Pe_3:12
1. Respect for everyone 1Pe_2:13-17
2. Slaves’ respect for their masters 1Pe_2:18-25
3. Wives’ respect for their husbands 1Pe_3:1-6
4. Husbands’ respect for their wives 1Pe_3:7
5. The importance of loving enemies 1Pe_3:8-12
C. Eventual vindication 1Pe_3:13 to 1Pe_4:6
1. Suffering for doing good 1Pe_3:13-17
2. The vindication of Christ 1Pe_3:18-22
3. Living with the promise in view 1Pe_4:1-6
D. The importance of mutual love in end-times living 1Pe_4:7-11
IV. The responsibilities of Christians collectively 1Pe_4:12 to 1Pe_5:11
A. The fiery trial 1Pe_4:12-19
1. Suffering and glory 1Pe_4:12-14
2. Suffering as Christians 1Pe_4:15-19
B. The church under trial 1Pe_5:1-11
1. The responsibilities of the elders 1Pe_5:1-4
2. The responsibilities of the others 1Pe_5:5
3. The importance of humility and trust in God 1Pe_5:6-7
4. The importance of resisting the devil 1Pe_5:8-11
V. Conclusion 1Pe_5:12-14
Augustinus, Aurelius. The Confessions of St. Augustine. Translated by Edward B. Pusey. New York: Washington Square Press, 1960.
Bailey, Mark L., and Thomas L. Constable. The New Testament Explorer. Nashville: Word Publishing Co., 1999. Reissued as Nelson’s New Testament Survey. Nashville: Thomas Nelson Publishers, 1999.
Balch, D. L. Let Wives Be Submissive: The Domestic Code in I Peter. Chico: Calif.: Scholars Press, 1981.
_____. "Let Wives Be Submissive . . .": The Origin, Form, and Apolegetic Function of the Household Duty Code (Haustafel) in I Peter. Ph.D. dissertation, Yale University, 1974.
Barbieri, Louis A. First and Second Peter. Everyman’s Bible Commentary series. Chicago: Moody Press, 1978.
Barclay, William. The Letters of James and Peter. Daily Study Bible series. 2nd ed. Edinburgh: Saint Andrew Press, 1960.
Baxter, J. Sidlow. Explore the Book. 6 vols. London: Marshall, Morgan & Scott, 1965.
Beare, F. W. The First Epistle of Peter: The Greek Text with Introduction and Notes. Third edition. Oxford: Blackwell, 1970.
Bengel, John Albert. New Testament Word Studies. Reprint ed. Grand Rapids: Kregel Publications, 1971.
Berding, Kenneth. "Confusing Word and Concept in ’Spiritual Gifts’: Have We Forgotten James Barr’s Exhortations?" Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society 43:1 (March 2000):37-51.
Best, Ernest. 1 Peter. New Century Bible Commentary series. London: Oliphants, 1971; reprint ed. Grand Rapids: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., and London: Marshall, Morgan & Scott, 1982.
Bigg, Charles. A Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the Epistles of St. Peter and St. Jude. International Critical Commentary series. 2nd ed. and reprint ed. Edinburgh: T. and T. Clark, 1961.
Birkey, Del. The House Church: A Model for Renewing the Church. Scottdale, Pa.: Herald Press, 1988.
Blass, F., and A. Debrunner. A Greek Grammar of the New Testament and Other Early Christian Literature. Translated and revised by Robert W. Funk. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1961.
Blum, Edwin A. "1 Peter." In Hebrews-Revelation. Vol. 12 of The Expositor’s Bible Commentary. 12 vols. Edited by Frank E. Gaebelein. Grand Rapids: Zondervan Publishing House, 1981.
Carson, Donald A., and Douglas J. Moo. An Introduction to the New Testament. 2nd ed. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2005.
Chafer, Lewis Sperry. Systematic Theology. 8 vols. Dallas: Dallas Seminary Press, 1948.
Caffin, B. C. "I Peter." In The Pulpit Commentary. Reprint ed. Grand Rapids: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., 1950.
Calvin, John. Commentaries on the Catholic Epistles. Translated by John Owen. Reprint ed. Grand Rapids: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., 1948.
_____. "The Epistles of Paul the Apostle to the Hebrews and the First and Second Epistles of St Peter." In Calvin’s Commentaries. Translated by William B. Johnston. Grand Rapids: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., 1963.
Cedar, Paul A. James , 1, 2 Peter, Jude. The Communicator’s Commentary series. Waco: Word Books, 1984.
Cook, W. Robert. "Biblical Light on the Christian’s Civil Responsibility." Bibliotheca Sacra 127:505 (January-March 1970):44-57.
Cullmann, Oscar. The Christology of the New Testament. Revised ed. Translated by Shirley C. Guthrie and Charles A. M. Hall. Philadelphia: Westminster Press, 1963.
Dalton, William J. Christ’s Proclamation to the Spirits. Rome: Pontifical Biblical Institute, 1965.
Darby, John Nelson. Synopsis of the Books of the Bible. 5 vols. Revised ed. New York: Loizeaux Brothers Publishers, 1942.
Davids, Peter H. The First Epistle of Peter. New International Commentary on the New Testament series. Grand Rapids: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., 1990.
Dictionary of the Apostolic Church. Edited by James Hastings. 1915 ed. Edinburgh: T. and T. Clark. S.v. "Peter, Epistles of," by S. J. Case.
Dictionary of the Bible. Edited by James Hastings. 1910 ed. Edinburgh: T. and T. Clark. S.v. "Peter, First Epistle of," by F. H. Chase.
Dillow, Joseph C. The Reign of the Servant Kings. Miami Springs, Fla.: Schoettle Publishing Co., 1992.
Dutile, Gordon. "A Concept of Submission in the Husband-Wife Relationship in Selected New Testament Passages." Ph.D. dissertation, Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary, 1980.
English, E. Schuyler. "Was St. Peter Ever in Rome?" Bibleotheca Sacra 124:496 (October-December 1967):314-20.
Erickson, Millard J. "Is There Opportunity for Salvation after Death?" Bibliotheca Sacra 152:606 (April-June 1995):131-44.
Eustace, Lord Perry. John Knox. London: Hodder and Stoughton, n.d.
Family Life Conference. Little Rock, Ark.: Family Ministry, 1990.
Fanning, Buist M. "A Theology of Peter and Jude." In A Biblical Theology of the New Testament, pp. 437-71. Edited by Roy B. Zuck. Chicago: Moody Press, 1994.
Feinberg, John S. "1Pe_3:18-20, Ancient Mythology, and the Intermediate State." Westminster Theological Journal 48:2 (Fall 1986):303-36
Gaebelein, Arno C. The Annotated Bible. 4 vols. Reprint ed. Chicago: Moody Press, and New York: Loizeaux Brothers, Inc., 1970.
Geisler, Norman L. "A Premillennial View of Law and Government." Bibliotheca Sacra 142:567 (July-September 1985):250-66.
Glenny, W. Edward. "The Israelite Imagery of 1 Peter 2." In Dispensationalism, Israel and the Church: The Search for Definition, pp. 156-87. Edited by Craig A. Blaising and Darrell L. Bock. Grand Rapids: Zondervan Publishing House, 1992.
Goppelt, Leonhard. A Commentary on I Peter. Edited by Ferdinand Hahn. Translated and augmented by John E. Alsup. Grand Rapids: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., 1993.
A Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament. By C. G. Wilke. Revised by C. L. Wilibald Grimm. Translated, revised and enlarged by Joseph Henry Thayer, 1889.
Grudem, Wayne. 1 Peter. Tyndale New Testament Commentaries series. Grand Rapids: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., 1988.
_____. "Christ Preaching through Noah: 1Pe_3:19-20 in the Light of Dominant Themes in Jewish Literature." Trinity Journal 7NS:2 (Fall 1986):3-31.
_____. "Should We Move Beyond the New Testament to a Better Ethic?" Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society 47:2 (June 2004):299-346.
Guthrie, Donald. New Testament Introduction. 3 vols. 2nd ed. London: Tyndale Press, 1966.
Hiebert, D. Edmond. "Counsel for Christ’s Undershepherds: An Exposition of 1Pe_5:1-4." Bibliotheca Sacra 139:556 [October-December 1982]:330-41.
_____. "Designation of the Readers in 1Pe_1:1-2." Bibliotheca Sacra 137:545 (January-March 1980):64-75.
_____. "Following Christ’s Example: An Exposition of 1Pe_2:21-25." Bibliotheca Sacra 139:553 (January-March 1982):32-45.
_____. "Living in the Light of Christ’s Return: An Exposition of 1Pe_4:7-11." Bibliotheca Sacra 139:555 (July-September 1982):243-54.
_____. "The Suffering and Triumphant Christ: An Exposition of 1Pe_3:18-22." Bibliotheca Sacra 139:554 (April-June 1982):146-58.
_____. Working with God: Scriptural Studies in Intercession. New York: Carlton Press, 1987.
Hillyer, C. Norman. "’Rock-Stone’ Imagery in I Peter." Tyndale Bulletin 22 (1971):58-81.
Hort, F. J. A. The First Epistle of St. Peter 1:1-2:17. London: Macmillan, 1898.
Howe, Frederic R. "Christ, the Building Stone, in Peter’s Theology." Bibliotheca Sacra 157:625 (January-March 2000):35-43.
_____. "The Cross of Christ in Peter’s Theology." Bibliotheca Sacra 157:626 (April-June 2000):190-99.
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia. Edited by James Orr. 1957 ed. Grand Rapids: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Co. S.v. "Peter, The First Epistle of," by William G. Moorehead.
Johnson, D. E. "Fire in God’s House: Imagery from Malachi 3 in Peter’s Theology of Suffering (1Pe_4:12-19)." Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society 29 (1989):285-94.
Johnson, John E. "The Old Testament Offices as Paradigm for Pastoral Identity." Bibliotheca Sacra 152:606 (April-June 1995):182-200.
Kelly, J. N. D. A Commentary on the Epistles of Peter and Jude. Thornapple Commentaries series. Reprint ed. Grand Rapids: Baker Book House, 1981.
Kennard, Douglas W. "Petrine Redemption: Its Meaning and Extent." Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society 30:4 (December 1987):399-405.
Kirk, Gordon E. "Endurance in Suffering in 1 Peter." Bibliotheca Sacra 138:549 (January-March 1981):46-56.
Lange, John Peter, ed. Commentary on the Holy Scripture. 12 vols. Reprint ed. Grand Rapids: Zondervan Publishing House, 1960. Vol. 12: James-Revelation, by J. P. Lange, J. J. Van Oosterzee, G. T. C. Fronmuller, and Karl Braune. Enlarged and edited by E. R. Craven. Translated by J. Isider Mombert and Evelina Moore.
Lenski, Richard C. H. The Interpretation of the Epistles of St. Peter, St. John and St. Jude. Reprint ed. Minneapolis: Augsburg Publishing House, 1961.
MacArthur, John F., Jr. Faith Works: The Gospel According to the Apostles. Dallas: Word Publishing, 1993.
Mason, A. J. "The First Epistle General of Peter." In Ellicott’s Commentary on the Whole Bible. 8 vols. Reprint ed. Grand Rapids: Zondervan Publishing House, n.d.
McGee, J. Vernon. Thru the Bible with J. Vernon McGee. 5 vols. Pasadena, Calif.: Thru the Bible Radio, 1983.
McNeile, A. H. An Introduction to the Study of the New Testament. 2nd ed. Revised by C. S. C. Williams. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1965.
Meyer, F. B. "Tried by Fire." London: Morgan and Scott, n.d.
Michaels, J. Ramsey. 1 Peter. Word Biblical Commentary series. Waco: Word Books, 1988.
Moffatt, James. "The General Epistles, James, Peter, and Judas." In The Moffatt New Testament Commentary. Reprint ed. London: Hodder & Stoughton, 1947.
Morgan, G. Campbell. Living Messages of the Books of the Bible. 2 vols. New York: Fleming H. Revell Co., 1912.
Morris, Leon. New Testament Theology. Grand Rapids: Zondervan Publishing House, 1986.
The New Scofield Reference Bible. Edited by Frank E. Gaebelein, William Culbertson, et al. New York: Oxford University Press, 1967.
Paine, Stephen W. "The First Epistle of Peter." In The Wycliffe Bible Commentary, pp. 1441-52. Edited by Charles F. Pfeiffer and Everett F. Harrison. Chicago: Moody Press, 1962.
Pentecost, J. Dwight. "The Apostles’ Use of Jesus’ Predictions of Judgment on Jerusalem in A.D. 70." In Integrity of Heart, Skillfulness of Hands, pp. 134-43. Edited by Charles H. Dyer and Roy B. Zuck. Grand Rapids: Baker Book House, 1994.
Pryor, John W. "First Peter and the New Covenant." Reformed Theological Review 45:1&2 (January-April & May-August 1986):1-3, 44-50.
Pyne, Robert A. "Antinomianism and Dispensationalism." Bibliotheca Sacra 153:610 (April-June 1996):141-54.
Raymer, Roger M. "1 Peter." In The Bible Knowledge Commentary: New Testament, pp. 837-58. Edited by John F. Walvoord and Roy B. Zuck. Wheaton: Scripture Press Publications, Victor Books, 1983.
Richards, E. Randolph. "Silvanus Was Not Peter’s Secretary: Theological Bias in Interpreting dia Silouanou . . . egrapha in 1Pe_5:12." Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society 43:3 (September 2000):417-32.
Robertson, Archibald Thomas. Word Pictures in the New Testament. 6 vols. Nashville: Broadman Press, 1931.
Rogers, Cleon L., Jr. "The Davidic Covenant in Acts-Revelation." Bibliotheca Sacra 151:601 (January-March 1994):71-84.
Ross, Allen P. Creation and Blessing. Grand Rapids: Baker Book House, 1988.
Ross, John Murdoch Ebenezer. The First Epistle of Peter: A Devotional Commentary. London: Religious Tract Society, .
Ryrie, Charles C. "The Christian and Civil Disobedience." Bibliotheca Sacra 127:506 (April-June 1970):153-62.
_____. Dispensationalism. Chicago: Moody Press, 1995.
_____. Dispensationalism Today. Chicago: Moody Press, 1965.
Saucy, Robert L. The Case for Progressive Dispensationalism. Grand Rapids: Zondervan Publishing House, 1993.
Schaeffer, Francis A. A Christian Manifesto. Westchester, Ill.: Good News Publishers, Crossway Books, 1981.
Selwyn, Edward Gordon. The First Epistle of St. Peter. 2nd ed. London: Macmillan and Co. Ltd., 1964.
Sidebottom, E. M. James, Jude, 2 Peter. New Century Bible Commentary series. London: Thomas Nelson and Sons Ltd., 1967; reprint ed. Grand Rapids: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., and London: Marshall, Morgan and Scott, 1982.
Siefker, Mrs. Glenn R. "God’s Plans for Wives." Good News Broadcaster, February 1975, pp. 22-25.
Slaughter, James R. "The Importance of Literary Argument for Understanding 1 Peter." Bibliotheca Sacra 152:605 (January-March 1995):72-91.
_____. "Peter’s Instructions to Husbands in 1Pe_3:7." In Integrity of Heart, Skillfulness of Hands, pp. 175-85. Edited by Charles H. Dyer and Roy B. Zuck. Grand Rapids: Baker Book House, 1994.
_____. "Sarah as a Model for Christian Wives (1Pe_3:5-6)." Bibliotheca Sacra 153:611 (July-September 1996):357-65.
_____. "Submission of Wives (1Pe_3:1 a) in the Context of 1 Peter." Bibliotheca Sacra 153:609 (January-March 1996):63-74.
_____. "Winning Unbelieving Husbands to Christ (1Pe_3:1-4)." Bibliotheca Sacra 153:610 (April-June 1996):199-211.
Steele, Paul E., and Charles C. Ryrie. Meant to Last. Wheaton: Victor Books, 1983.
Stibbs, Alan M. The First Epistle General of St. Peter. Tyndale New Testament Commentary series. Reprint ed. London: Tyndale Press, 1966.
Strauch, Arthur. Biblical Eldership. Littleton, Colo.: Lewis and Roth Publishers, 1986.
Strauss, Lehman. "Our Only Hope." Bibliotheca Sacra 120:478 (April-June 1963):154-64.
Theological Dictionary of the New Testament. S. v. "hypotasso," by Gerhard Delling, 8 (1972):39-46.
Thiessen, Henry Clarence. Introduction to the New Testament. Grand Rapids: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., 1962.
Thomas, W. H. Griffith. "Is the New Testament Minister a Priest?" Bibliotheca Sacra 136:541 (January-March 1979):65-73.
Tite, Philip L. "The Compositional Function of the Petrine Prescript: A Look at 1Pe_1:1-3." Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society 39:1 (March 1996):47-56.
Tuni, Jose Oriol. "Jesus of Nazareth in the Christology of 1 Peter." Haythrop Journal 28:3 (July 1987):292-304.
Vaughn, Marilyn. "When Should a Wife Not Submit?" Moody Monthly, October 1977, pp. 104-107.
Vos, Geerhardus. "A Sermon on 1Pe_1:3-5." Kerux 1:2 (September 1986):4-17.
Wall, Joe L. Going for the Gold. Chicago: Moody Press, 1991.
Wand, J. W. C. The General Epistles of St. Peter and St. Jude. Westminster Commentaries. London: Methuen & Co., 1934.
Webb, William J. Slaves, Women & Homosexuals: Exploring the Hermeneutics of Cultural Analysis. Downers Grove, Ill.: InterVarsity Press, 2001.
Wiersbe, Warren W. The Bible Exposition Commentary. 2 vols. Wheaton: Scripture Press Publications, Victor Books, 1989.
Wilkin, Robert N. "Election and the Gospel." Grace Evangelical Society News 4:7 (July 1989):1, 3.
Witmer, John A. "The Man with Two Countries." Bibliotheca Sacra 133:532 (October-December 1976):338-49.
Wolston, W. T. P. Simon Peter: His Life and Letters. 2nd ed. London: James Nisbet and Co., 1896.
Zuck, Roy B. "The Doctrine of Conscience." Bibliotheca Sacra 126:504 (October-December 1969):329-40.
the Week of Proper 9 / Ordinary 14