Consider helping today!
men . Septuagint reads this word in text.
mount = hill country.
every man. Hebrew. 'ish. App-14 .
Jonathan. See note on 1 Samuel 18:1 .
Gilgal. In the plain of Jordan, east of Jericho, good for water, remote from Philistines, and connected with sacred memories.
thirty thousand . . . six , &c. Multiples of six. See App-10 .
as the sand , &c. Figure of speech Parcemia. App-6 .
men. Hebrew. 'ish. . App-14 .
distressed = pressed: i.e. into Saul's service. and. Note the Figure of speech Polysyndeton. App-6 .
the Hebrews went over . Figure of speech Paronomasia (Revelation 6:0; Revelation 6:0 ), `ibrim `abru.
had appointed. Some codices, with three early printed editions, Aramaean, and Septuagint, read "said". Some codices read "appointed".
offered = offered up. See App-43 .
behold. Figure of speech Asterismos. App-6 .
salute = bless.
the LORD . Hebrew. Jehovah. App-4 .
a = the.
thou hast not . Some codices, with three early printed editions, and Vulgate, read "and hast". Some codices, with Septuagint and Syriac, read "because thou
hast". God . Hebrew. Elohim . App-4 .
thy kingdom . This possible only with God a sovereign.
man , &c. Hebrew. 'ish . App-14 . Quoted in Acts 13:22 .
own heart = his own pleasure. Compare Psalms 89:20 , Psalms 89:21 .
captain = leader, or representative.
Gilgal. The Septuagint preserves a Homceoteleuton here, adding after "Gilgal [and the rest of the people went up after Saul to meet the army when they arrived from] Gilgal "; the eye of the scribe going back to this last "Gilgal" instead of to the one in 1 Samuel 13:15 .
present = found.
men . Hebrew. 'ish. App-14 .
Gibeah . Probably the Geba of 1 Samuel 13:3 .
no smith . This explains why Ehud had to make his own dagger (Judges 3:16 ); why Shamgar had only an ox-goad (Judges 3:31 ); why Samson "had nothingin his hand" (Judges 14:5-6 ); and why "not a shield or spear among 40,000 in Israel" (Judges 5:9 ). In other days we read of how many "drew sword".
land. Some codices read "bounds".
coulter . Anglo-Saxon = a cutter; hence, a plough-share.
mattock = a kind of pickaxe, with broad instead of pointed ends.
with Saul = with those who were with Saul and Jonathan: a picked force.
garrison = post, or permanent camp.
passage = pass.
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 1 Samuel 13". "Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://studylight.org/
the Second Week of Advent