Lectionary Calendar
Saturday, September 30th, 2023
the Week of Proper 20 / Ordinary 25
Take our poll

Bible Commentaries
1 Chronicles 4

Barnes' Notes on the Whole BibleBarnes' Notes

Verse 3

Read, “These are the sons of the father (i. e. chief) of Etam” 2 Chronicles 11:6, a city of Judah, not far from Bethlehem.

Verse 9

It is remarkable that Jabez should be introduced without description, or patronymic, as if a well-known personage. We can only suppose that he was known to those for whom Chronicles was written, either by tradition, or by writings which have perished. In 1 Chronicles 4:10 Jabez alludes to his name, “sorrowful” (margin): “Grant that the grief implied in my name may not come upon me!”

Verses 11-12

It has been conjectured from the strangeness of all the names in this list, that we have here a fragment of Canaanite record, connected with the family of the “Shua,” whose daughter Judah took to wife 1 Chronicles 2:3; Genesis 38:2, and whose family thus became related to the tribe of Judah.

Verse 14

The words “and Meonothai” should he added to the end of 1 Chronicles 4:13; but they should be retained also at the commencement of 1 Chronicles 4:14. Or, see the marginal note.

Verse 17

She bare Miriam - Rather, “she conceived.” The mother is not mentioned, and it seems impossible to restore the original text with any certainty.

Verse 18

His wife - i. e. Mered’s. Mered, it would seem, had two wives, Bithiah, an Egyptian woman, and a Jewish wife (see the margin), whose name is not given. If Mered was a chief of rank, Bithlah may have been married to him with the consent of her father, for the Egyptian kings often gave their daughters in marriage to foreigners. Or she may have elected to forsake her countrymen and cleave to a Jewish husband, becoming a convert to his religion. Her name, Bithiah, “daughter of Yahweh,” is like that of a convert.

Verse 19

His wife Hodiah - Not as in the margin, but rather, “the sons of the wife of Hodiah.” Hodiah is elsewhere always a man’s name Nehemiah 8:7; Nehemiah 9:5; Nehemiah 10:10, Nehemiah 10:13, Nehemiah 10:18.

Verse 22

Who had the dominion in Moab - Moab was conquered by David 2 Samuel 8:2, and again by Omri, after which it remained subject until the death of Ahab 2 Kings 3:5. But a more ancient rule, in times of which we have no further record, is probably intended.

Verse 23

Among plants and hedges - Rather, “in Netaim and Gederah” Joshua 15:36.

With the king - Or, probably, “on the king’s property.” Both David and several of the later kings had large territorial possessions in various parts of Judaea 1Ch 27:25, 1 Chronicles 27:31; 2 Chronicles 26:10; 2Ch 27:4; 2 Chronicles 32:28-29.

Verse 31

Unto the reign of David - It is not quite clear why this clause is added. Perhaps the writer is quoting from a document belonging to David’s reign. Or, he may mean that some of the cities, as Ziklag 1 Samuel 27:6, were lost to Simeon about David’s time.

Verse 33

And their genealogy - Rather, “and their register was according thereto” - they were registered, i. e. according to the places where they dwelt.

Verse 38

These mentioned by their names were princes - The registered chiefs of the cities in the first list 1 Chronicles 4:28-31, in the time of Hezekiah 1 Chronicles 4:41.

Verse 39

Gedor - Rather read, “Gerar” (Septuagint) a fertile district Genesis 26:6-12; 2 Chronicles 14:14-15 in Philistine country.

Verse 41

The habitations - Rather, “the Mehunim” (compare 2 Chronicles 36:7), called also “Maonites” (see Judges 10:12 note).

Verse 43

Unto this day - These words are probably taken from the record which the writer of Chronicles had before him, and do not imply that the Simeonites remained undisturbed in their conquests until after the return from the captivity. So 1 Chronicles 4:41.

Bibliographical Information
Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on 1 Chronicles 4". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://studylight.org/commentaries/eng/bnb/1-chronicles-4.html. 1870.
adsFree icon
Ads FreeProfile