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Verse Ezekiel 25:1. The word of the Lord — The chronological order of this chapter is after Ezekiel 33:21, &c. See Abp. Newcome.
Verse Ezekiel 25:2. Set thy face against the Ammonites — We have already seen, Ezekiel 21:19, c., that when Nebuchadnezzar left Babylon he was in doubt whether he should besiege Riblath, the capital of the Ammonites, or Jerusalem, the capital of the Jews, first: and having used his divination. he was determined, by the result, to attack Jerusalem the first. He did so and the Ammonites, seeing the success of his arms, made friends with him, and exulted in the ruin of the Jews. God resents this, and predicts their downfall with that of Edom, Moab, and the Philistines. The fulfilment of this prediction is not noted in Scripture: but Josephus tells us, that about five years after the taking of Jerusalem, Nebuchadnezzar turned his arms against the Ammonites and Moabites, and afterwards against Egypt; and having subdued those nations, he returned to Babylon. Joseph. Antiq., l. x., c. ii. Berosus states, as quoted by Josephus, contra App., that Nebuchadnezzar subdued Syria, Arabia, Phoenicia, and Egypt: and consequently, that he had brought under his dominion the Ammonites, Moabites, and Idumeans, who were included among the Philistines. See Calmet.
Verse Ezekiel 25:4. Will deliver thee to the men of the east — Probably the Scenite Arabs, Ishmaelites, and people of Kedar, who seized upon the provinces of the vanquished Ammonites, &c. The following description suits this people only, living on fruits, the milk of their flocks, using camels, &c. Some think the people of the east mean the Chaldeans.
Verse Ezekiel 25:7. I will cause thee to perish — Except in history, the name of the Ammonites does not now exist.
Verse Ezekiel 25:8. Moab and Seir do say — Seir means the Idumeans. It appears that both these, with the Ammonites, had made a league with Zedekiah, Jeremiah 27:3, which they did not keep; and it is supposed that they even joined with the Chaldeans.
Verse Ezekiel 25:9. I will open the side — קתף ketheph, the shoulder, the strongest frontier place. Beth-jeshimoth, Baal-meon, and Kiriathaim were strong frontier towns of Moab.
Verse Ezekiel 25:10. That the Ammonites — The Syriac has, "That Rabbah of the sons of Ammon be not remembered."
Verse Ezekiel 25:12. Because that Edom hath dealt — The Edomites were the most inveterate enemies of the Jews from the very earliest times, and ever did all that they could to annoy them.
Verse Ezekiel 25:13. I will make it desolate from Teman — Teman and Dedan were both cities of the Moabites, and apparently at each extremity of the land.
Verse Ezekiel 25:14. I will lay my vengeance upon Edom — God will not allow men to insult those whom he has cast down. His judgment is sufficient; to add more is an insult to God.
By the hand of my people Israel — This was fulfilled by the Maccabees, who not only defeated them and brought them under complete subjection, but obliged them to receive circumcision, Joseph. Antiq. l. xiii., c. 17; 1Macc 5:65; 2Macc 10:16.
Verse Ezekiel 25:15. Because the Philistines — They were as inimical to the Jews as the Ammonites, c., were. Nebuchadnezzar punished them because they had assisted the Tyrians during the time he was besieging their city.
I will cut off the Cherethims — 2 Samuel 8:18.
The remnant of the sea coasts. — The different seignories of the Philistines inhabited the coast of the Mediterranean Sea, from Judea to Egypt. For other matters relative to these prophecies, see the passages in the margin.
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Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on Ezekiel 25". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://studylight.org/
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