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Bible Commentaries
Ezekiel 17

Clarke's CommentaryClarke Commentary

Verse 1


This chapter begins with a new allegory or parable, 1-10;

to which an explanation is immediately subjoined, 11-21.

In the remaining verses the prophet, by a beautiful metaphor,

makes an easy and natural transition to the Messiah, and

predicts the security, increasing prosperity, and ultimate

universality of his kingdom, 22-24.

From the beauty of its images, the elegance of its composition,

the perspicuity of its language, the rich variety of its

matter, and the easy transition from one part of the subject to

another, this chapter forms one of the most beautiful and

perfect pieces of its kind that can possibly be conceived in so

small a compass; and then the unexpected change from objects

that presented nothing to the view but gloom and horror, to a

prospect of ineffable glory and beauty, has a most happy

effect. Every lowering cloud is dispelled, and the fields again

smile in the beams of midday. The traveller, who this moment

trembled as he looked around for shelter, now proceeds on his

way rejoicing.


Verse 2

Verse Ezekiel 17:2. Son of man, put forth a riddle — Riddle, [Anglo-Saxon] or [A.S.], Anglo-Saxon, from [A.S.] to divine; a thing that must be curiously investigated and sifted, to find out the meaning; and hence, riddle, a sort of coarse sieve to clean corn, to separate coarse chaff and straws from the pure grain. An instrument formerly used for divination. This is not far removed from the Hebrew חידה chidah, from חד chad, to penetrate; not that which penetrates the mind, but which we must penetrate to find out the sense.

Verse 3

Verse Ezekiel 17:3. A great eagle — Nebuchadnezzar. See Jeremiah 48:40; Jeremiah 49:22; Daniel 7:4. And see here, Ezekiel 17:12, where it is so applied.

Great wings — Extensive empire.

Long-winged — Rapid in his conquests.

Full of feathers — Having multitudes of subjects.

Divers colours — People of various nations.

Came unto Lebanon — Came against Judea.

The highest branch — King Jehoiachin he took captive to Babylon.

The cedar — The Jewish state and king.

Verse 4

Verse Ezekiel 17:4. The top of his young twigs — The princes of Judah.

A land of traffic — Chaldea.

A city of merchants — Babylon; for which this city was the most celebrated of all the cities of the east. Its situation procured it innumerable advantages; its two rivers, the Tigris and Euphrates, and the Persian Gulf, gave it communication with the richest and the most distant nations.

Verse 5

Verse Ezekiel 17:5. The seed of the land — Zedekiah, brother of Jehoiachin.

Planted it in a fruitful field — Made him king of Judea in place of his brother.

Placed it by great waters — Put him under the protection of Babylon, situated on the confluence of the Tigris and Euphrates.

And set it as a willow tree — Made him dependent on this city of great waters, as the willow is on humidity.

Verse 6

Verse Ezekiel 17:6. A spreading vine of low stature — The Jewish state having then no height of dominion, it must abide under the wings or branches of the Chaldean king.

Whose branches turned toward him, and the roots - under him — Zedekiah was wholly dependent on Nebuchadnezzar, both for his elevation to the throne, and his support on it.

Verse 7

Verse Ezekiel 17:7. Another great eagle — Pharaoh-hophra, or Apries, king of Egypt.

With great wings — Extensive dominion.

And many feathers — Numerous subjects.

Did bend her roots — Looked to him for support in her intended rebellion against Nebuchadnezzar.

Verse 8

Verse Ezekiel 17:8. It was planted in a good soil — Though he depended on Babylon, he lived and reigned as Nebuchadnezzar's vicegerent in the land of Judea.

Verse 9

Verse Ezekiel 17:9. Shall it prosper? — Shall Zedekiah succeed in casting off the yoke of the king of Babylon, to whom he had sworn fealty?

Shall he not pull up the roots — Nebuchadnezzar will come and dethrone him.

And cut off the fruit — The children of Zedekiah.

The leaves — All the nobles; all shall perish with Zedekiah.

Verse 10

Verse Ezekiel 17:10. Shall - utterly whither — The regal government shall be no more restored. Zedekiah shall be the last king, and the monarchy shall finally terminate with him.

Verse 12

Verse Ezekiel 17:12. Know ye not what these things mean?] They are explained in this and the following verses.

Verse 14

Verse Ezekiel 17:14. That the kingdom might be base — Have no political consequence, and at last sink into a miserable government under Gedaliah.

Verse 15

Verse Ezekiel 17:15. Sending his ambassadors into Egypt — Zedekiah must have sent his ambassadors into Egypt, between the sixth month of his sixth year, and the fifth month of his seventh year. Compare Ezekiel 8:1, with Ezekiel 20:1.-See Newcome.

Verse 16

Verse Ezekiel 17:16. In the midst of Babylon he shall die. — His eyes were put out; he was carried to Babylon, and never returned.

Verse 18

Verse Ezekiel 17:18. Seeing he despised the oath — This God particularly resents. He had bound himself by oath, in the presence of Jehovah, to be faithful to the covenant that he made with Nebuchadnezzar, and he took the first opportunity to break it; therefore he shall not escape.

Verse 20

Verse Ezekiel 17:20. I will spread my net upon himEzekiel 12:13.

Verse 21

Verse Ezekiel 17:21. All his fugitives — All who attempted to escape with him, and all that ran to Egypt, &c., shall fall by the sword.

Verse 22

Verse Ezekiel 17:22. I will also take of the highest branch of the high cedar — I will raise up another monarchy, which shall come in the line of David, namely, the Messiah; who shall appear as a tender plant, as to his incarnation; but he shall be high and eminent; his Church, the royal city, the highest and purest ever seen on the face of the earth.

Verse 23

Verse Ezekiel 17:23. In the mountain of the height of Israel — He shall make his appearance at the temple, and found his Church at Jerusalem.

Shall bring forth boughs — Apostles, evangelists, and their successors in the Gospel ministry.

And bear fruit — Multitudes of souls shall be converted by their preaching.

And under it shall dwell all fowl of every wing — All the nations of the earth shall receive his Gospel.

In the shadow of the branches thereof shall they dwell. — Trust in him alone for salvation, and be saved in their trusting.

Verse 24

Verse Ezekiel 17:24. All the trees of the field shall know — All the people of Israel and of Chaldea.

I the Lord have brought down the high tree — Have dethroned Jehoiachin.

Have exalted the low tree — Put Zedekiah, brother of Jehoiachin, in his place.

Have dried up the green tree — Zedekiah, who had numerous children, but who were all slain before his eyes at Riblah.

And have made the dry tree to flourish — Have raised up a rod out of the stem of Jesse, the family of David being then apparently dried up and extinct. This was the promised Messiah, of the increase and government of whose kingdom and peace there shall be no end; upon the throne of David, and upon his kingdom, to order and establish it with judgment and with justice, from henceforth, even for ever. THE ZEAL OF THE LORD OF HOSTS WILL PERFORM THIS.

The high and green tree, says Newcome, refers to Nebuchadnezzar; the low and the dry tree, to the Jews.

Bibliographical Information
Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on Ezekiel 17". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://studylight.org/commentaries/eng/acc/ezekiel-17.html. 1832.
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