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Passage Lookup: 1 Chronicles 18-19

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1 Chronicles 18:1
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David's Victories(a)

In the course of time, David defeated the Philistines and subdued them, and he took Gath and its surrounding villages from the control of the Philistines.
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1 Chronicles 18:2
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David also defeated the Moabites,(b) and they became subject to him and brought him tribute.
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1 Chronicles 18:3
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Moreover, David defeated Hadadezer king of Zobah,(c) in the vicinity of Hamath, when he went to set up his monument at[a] the Euphrates River.(d)
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1 Chronicles 18:4
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David captured a thousand of his chariots, seven thousand charioteers and twenty thousand foot soldiers. He hamstrung(e) all but a hundred of the chariot horses.
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1 Chronicles 18:5
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When the Arameans of Damascus(f) came to help Hadadezer king of Zobah, David struck down twenty-two thousand of them.
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1 Chronicles 18:6
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He put garrisons in the Aramean kingdom of Damascus, and the Arameans became subject to him and brought him tribute. The Lord gave David victory wherever he went.
1 Chronicles 18:7
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David took the gold shields carried by the officers of Hadadezer and brought them to Jerusalem.
1 Chronicles 18:8
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From Tebah[b] and Kun, towns that belonged to Hadadezer, David took a great quantity of bronze, which Solomon used to make the bronze Sea,(g) the pillars and various bronze articles.
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1 Chronicles 18:9
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When Tou king of Hamath heard that David had defeated the entire army of Hadadezer king of Zobah,
1 Chronicles 18:10
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he sent his son Hadoram to King David to greet him and congratulate him on his victory in battle over Hadadezer, who had been at war with Tou. Hadoram brought all kinds of articles of gold, of silver and of bronze.
1 Chronicles 18:11
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King David dedicated these articles to the Lord , as he had done with the silver and gold he had taken from all these nations: Edom(h) and Moab, the Ammonites and the Philistines, and Amalek.(i)
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1 Chronicles 18:12
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Abishai son of Zeruiah struck down eighteen thousand Edomites(j) in the Valley of Salt.
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1 Chronicles 18:13
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He put garrisons in Edom, and all the Edomites became subject to David. The Lord gave David victory wherever he went.
1 Chronicles 18:14
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David reigned(l) over all Israel,(m) doing what was just and right for all his people.
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1 Chronicles 18:15
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Joab(n) son of Zeruiah was over the army; Jehoshaphat son of Ahilud was recorder;
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1 Chronicles 18:16
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Zadok(o) son of Ahitub and Ahimelek[c](p) son of Abiathar were priests; Shavsha was secretary;
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1 Chronicles 18:17
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Benaiah son of Jehoiada was over the Kerethites and Pelethites;(q) and David's sons were chief officials at the king's side.
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1 Chronicles 19:1
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David Defeats the Ammonites(a)

In the course of time, Nahash king of the Ammonites(b) died, and his son succeeded him as king.
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1 Chronicles 19:2
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David thought, "I will show kindness to Hanun son of Nahash, because his father showed kindness to me." So David sent a delegation to express his sympathy to Hanun concerning his father. When David's envoys came to Hanun in the land of the Ammonites to express sympathy to him,
1 Chronicles 19:3
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the Ammonite commanders said to Hanun, "Do you think David is honoring your father by sending envoys to you to express sympathy? Haven't his envoys come to you only to explore and spy out(c) the country and overthrow it?"
Footnotes:  
1 Chronicles 19:4
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So Hanun seized David's envoys, shaved them, cut off their garments at the buttocks, and sent them away.
1 Chronicles 19:5
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When someone came and told David about the men, he sent messengers to meet them, for they were greatly humiliated. The king said, "Stay at Jericho till your beards have grown, and then come back."
1 Chronicles 19:6
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When the Ammonites realized that they had become obnoxious(d) to David, Hanun and the Ammonites sent a thousand talents[a] of silver to hire chariots and charioteers from Aram Naharaim,[b] Aram Maakah and Zobah.(e)
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1 Chronicles 19:7
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They hired thirty-two thousand chariots and charioteers, as well as the king of Maakah with his troops, who came and camped near Medeba,(f) while the Ammonites were mustered from their towns and moved out for battle.
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1 Chronicles 19:8
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On hearing this, David sent Joab out with the entire army of fighting men.
1 Chronicles 19:9
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The Ammonites came out and drew up in battle formation at the entrance to their city, while the kings who had come were by themselves in the open country.
1 Chronicles 19:10
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Joab saw that there were battle lines in front of him and behind him; so he selected some of the best troops in Israel and deployed them against the Arameans.
1 Chronicles 19:11
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He put the rest of the men under the command of Abishai(g) his brother, and they were deployed against the Ammonites.
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1 Chronicles 19:12
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Joab said, "If the Arameans are too strong for me, then you are to rescue me; but if the Ammonites are too strong for you, then I will rescue you.
1 Chronicles 19:13
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Be strong, and let us fight bravely for our people and the cities of our God. The Lord will do what is good in his sight."
1 Chronicles 19:14
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Then Joab and the troops with him advanced to fight the Arameans, and they fled before him.
1 Chronicles 19:15
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When the Ammonites realized that the Arameans were fleeing, they too fled before his brother Abishai and went inside the city. So Joab went back to Jerusalem.
1 Chronicles 19:16
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After the Arameans saw that they had been routed by Israel, they sent messengers and had Arameans brought from beyond the Euphrates River, with Shophak the commander of Hadadezer's army leading them.
1 Chronicles 19:17
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When David was told of this, he gathered all Israel(h) and crossed the Jordan; he advanced against them and formed his battle lines opposite them. David formed his lines to meet the Arameans in battle, and they fought against him.
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1 Chronicles 19:18
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But they fled before Israel, and David killed seven thousand of their charioteers and forty thousand of their foot soldiers. He also killed Shophak the commander of their army.
1 Chronicles 19:19
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When the vassals of Hadadezer saw that they had been routed by Israel, they made peace with David and became subject to him. So the Arameans were not willing to help the Ammonites anymore.
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