the Week of Christ the King / Proper 29 / Ordinary 34
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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #8111 - שֹׁמְרוֹן
Samaria = “watch mountain”
1) the region of northern Palestine associated with the northern kingdom of the 10 tribes of Israel which split from the kingdom after the death of Solomon during the reign of his son Rehoboam and were ruled by Jeroboam
2) the capital city of the northern kingdom of Israel located 30 miles (50 kilometers) north of Jerusalem and 6 miles (10 kilometers) northwest of Shechem
שָֽׁמְרָ֑יִן proper name, of a location (Biblical Hebrew שֹׁמְרוֺן, I. שָׁמַר); — Ezra 4:7,10.
שֹׁמְרוֹן f. (“pertaining to a watch,” “watch-mountain” [so called, however, from the owner’s name]) pr.n.
(1) of a mountain and of a city built on it, which was the metropolis of the kingdom of Israel from the time of Omri, 1 Kings 16:18, seqq.; Amos 4:1, 6:1 2 Kings 3:1, 13:1 18:9, 10 2 Kings 18:10; Isaiah 7:9; Ezekiel 16:46. Chald. שָֽׁמְרַיִן, whence the Gr. Σαμάρεια, Lat. Samaria, called by Herod the Great, Σεβάστη in honour of Augustus (Joseph. Archæol. 15, 7, § 7). There is now there a small village called Sebŭsteh, see Buckingham’s Travels in Palestine, p. 501.
(2) in a wider sense, the kingdom of Samaria, or of the ten tribes, the head of which was the city of Samaria, עָרֵי שֹׁמְרוֹן cities of the Samaritan kingdom, 2 Kings 17:26, 23:19 and by prolepsis, 1 Kings 13:32, הָרֵי שֹׁמְרוֹן Jeremiah 31:5 עֵגֶל שׁ׳ the calf of Samaria, used of the calf of Bethel, Hosea 8:5,. The n. gent. is שֹׁמְרֹנִי 2 Kings 17:29.