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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical DictionaryHebrew Lexicon

Strong's #8106 - שֶׁמֶר

the same as (H8105)
Parts of Speech
Proper Name Masculine
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Shemer or Shamer or Shamed = “preserved”

1) the owner of the hill where the city of Samaria was built

2) a Merarite Levite, son of Mahli and father of Bani

3) an Asherite, son of Heber and father of Ahi, Rohgah, Jehubbah, and Aram. Also ‘Shomer’

4) a Benjamite, son of Elpaal and builder of the towns of Ono and Lod

Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (5)
1 Kings 2
1 Chronicles 3
NAS (4)
1 Kings 2
1 Chronicles 2
HCS (5)
1 Kings 2
1 Chronicles 3
BSB (5)
1 Kings 2
1 Chronicles 3
ESV (5)
1 Kings 2
1 Chronicles 3
WEB (5)
1 Kings 2
1 Chronicles 3
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 שָׁ֑מֶד proper name, masculine 1 Chronicles 8:12 Gi Baer, see שֶׁמֶר

I. שֶׁ֫מֶר proper name, masculine (properly clan-name, compare Sta ZAW v (1885). 166f., compare Sabean שמר Os13, but Northern Aramaic DHM ZMG xxxvii (1885), 14 SabDenkm30); — Σεμ(μ)ηρ, etc.:

1׳שׁ original owner of hill where Samaria was built 1 Kings 16:24 (twice in verse).

2 שָׁ֑מֶר

a. Levite 1 Chronicles 6:31.

b. in Asher 1 Chronicles 7:34, A ᵐ5 L Σωμηρ; = שֹׁמֵר 1 Chronicles 7:32.

c. in Benjamin 1 Chronicles 8:12 van d. H.; > שֶׁטֶד q. v.

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

שֶׁמֶר only pl. שְׁמָרִים m. dregs (of wine), so called because, when wine is kept on the lees, its strength and colour are preserved. קָפָא עַל שְׁמָרָיו, שָׁקַט Jeremiah 48:11; Zephaniah 1:12, to be settled on one’s lees, to lead a quiet and tranquil life; a metaphor taken from wine, Isaiah 25:6, שְׁמָרִים מְזֻקָּקִים “lees racked off,” i.e. old and most excellent wine afterwards purified from the lees.

(2) [Shemer, Shamer], pr.n.

(a) 1 Kings 16:24.

(b) 1 Chronicles 6:31.

(c) 1 Chronicles 8:12.

(d) 1 Chronicles 7:34, for which there is, verse 32 1 Chronicles 7:32, שֹׁמֵר.

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List of Word Forms
וָשָׁ֑מֶד ושמד שֶׁ֔מֶר שֶׁ֖מֶר שָֽׁמֶר׃ שָׁ֑מֶר שמר שמר׃ šā·mer šāmer še·mer šemer Shamer Shemer vaShamed wā·šā·meḏ wāšāmeḏ
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