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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #6540 - פָּרַס
Persian = see Persia “pure” or “splendid”
1) the empire Persia; encompassed the territory from India on the east to Egypt and Thrace on the west, and included, besides portions of Europe and Africa, the whole of western Asia between the Black Sea, the Caucasus, the Caspian and the Jaxartes on the north, the Arabian desert, the Persian Gulf and the Indian Ocean on the south
1a) Persia proper was bounded on the west by Susiana or Elam, on the north by Media, on the south by the Persian Gulf and on the east by Carmania
2) the people of the Persian empire
פָּרַס to break, only in Kal in the phrase פָּרַס לֶחֶם לְ to break one’s bread to any one; i.e. to distribute it, Isaiah 58:7 and without לֶחֶם Jerem. 16:7. Compare פָּרַשׁ No. 1.
(1) to cleave, to divide. Levit. 11:4, וּפַרְסָה אֵינֶנּוּ מַפְרִיס “but cleaveth not the hoof,” i.e. has not the hoof altogether cloven. Elsewhere
(2) הִפְרִיס פַּרְסָה Levit. 11:3, Leviticus 11:6, Leviticus 11:7, 26 Leviticus 11:26; Deuteronomy 14:7, Deuteronomy 14:8 and without פַּרְסָה is nothing more than to have (pr. to make or produce) a cloven hoof.
Derivatives, פֶּרֶס, פַּרְסָה.
פָּרַס in pause פָּרָ֑ס pr.n. Heb. and Ch. Persia, the Persians, 2 Chronicles 36:20, 22 2 Chronicles 36:22; Ezra 1:1, 4:5, seqq.; 6:14 Daniel 5:28, 6:9, 13. Pers. يارس, نارس, فرس. Hence Gent. noun פַּרְסִי a Persian, Nehem. 12:22 and Ch. emphat. פַּרְסָיָא Dan. 6:29.
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