the Fifth Week of Lent
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #40 - אֲבִימֶלֶךְ
Abimelech = “Melek is father” or “my father is king”
1) king of Gerar in Abraham’s time
2) king of Gath in David’s time; maybe title of Philistine kings
3) son of Gideon by a concubine
4) priest, son of Abiathar
1 king of Gerar Genesis 20:2,3,4 +, Genesis 21:22,25 (twice in verse) +, Genesis 26:1,8 + (24t. Genesis).
2 king of Gath Psalm Genesis 34:1 error for אָכִישׁ, compare 1 Samuel 21:11 f; — a better known Philistine name substituted for a less known (Hup3). > Others (Thes Ol De MV) think a title of Philistine kings, compare Pharaoh.
3 son of Gideon Judges 8:31; Judges 9:1,3,4 +, Judges 10:1 (40t. Judges), 2 Samuel 11:21.
4 priest, son of Abiathar 1 Chronicles 18:16 error for אֲחִימֶלֶח q. v. (Sabean also
proper name, feminine Osiander ZMG 1865,209).
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אֲבִימֶלֶךְ (“father of the king,” or “father king”), [Abimelech], pr.n.
(1) of several kings in the land of the Philistines, living at different periods, Genesis 20:2, sqq.; 21:22, sqq.; 26 Genesis 21:26:l, sqq.; Psalms 34:1. As the same king, who in the Ps. loc. cit. is called Abimelech, is in 1 Samuel 21:11, called Achish (אָכִישׁ), this name or title appears to have been mostly common to them, like داد شاه Padishah (father king) of the Persian kings, and اتاليق Atalik (father, properly paternity) of the Khans of Bokhara.
(2) a son of Gideon, Judges 8:31, seq.; 9:1, seq.; 2 Samuel 11:21.
(3) 1 Chronicles 18:16, where indeed we probably should read אֲחִימֶלֶךְ, as 2 Samuel 8:17.
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
Copyright 1999-2023. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.