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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #387 - אֵיתָן
Ethan = “enduring”
1) an Ezrahite known for his wisdom
2) a grandson of Judah, father of Azariah
3) a Kohathite descendant of Levi
4) a Merarite son of Kushaiah, descendant of Levi
אֵיתָן & אֵתָן (for יְתָן with Aleph prosthetic, from the root יָתַן to be perennial), adj.
(1) perennial, constant, especially used of water. נַחַל אֵיתָן “a perennial stream,” constantly flowing, Deuteronomy 21:4; Amos 5:24 and without נַתַל 1 Kings 8:2, יֶרַח הָאֵיתָנִים “the month of perennial streams” (elsewhere called Tishri), the seventh month of the Hebrew year; from the new moon of October to the new moon of November. Subst. [This sense as subst. is given as primary in Thes.] continuance. Psalms 74:15, נַהֲרוֹת אֵיתָן “rivers of continuance,” i.e. continually flowing. Used of the continuance, i.e. the flow of the sea, Exodus 14:27.- Job 33:19 in כתיב, רִיב עֲצָמָיו אֵתָן(בְּ) “with continual war in his bones,” sc. הוּכַח he is chastened.
(2) firm, valid [firmness, strength, see Thes.], Jeremiah 5:15, גּוֹי אֵיתָן “a mighty nation;” Job 12:19, אֵיתָנִים “the potent” (Vulg. optimates, ) (33:19 ); Genesis 49:24, תֵּשֵׁב בְּאֵיתָן קַשְׁתּוֹ “his bow will remain firm;” in which passage בּ is Beth essentiæ.
(3) hard, hence pernicious, terrible. Proverbs 13:15, “the way of the wicked is pernicious.” Rendered aptly enough by Luther, bringt Wehe; Jerome, vorago. [Explained in Thes. “the way of the wicked is a perennial stream,” see No. 1.] Hence
(4) poët. a rock, a crag, from hardness. Micah 6:2, הָאֵיתָנִים מוֹסְדֵי אֶרֶץ “the rocks, the foundations of the earth;” Jeremiah 49:19, 50:44, נְוֵה אֵיתָן “a stony dwelling” (comp. 49:16, תַנְוֵי םֶלַע); Numbers 24:21. [This meaning is rejected in Thes., and these passages are referred to No.1.]
(5) [Ethan], pr.n. of an Ezrahite (see אֶזְרָחִי), a wise man (1 Kings 5:11), to whom Psa 89:1-52 is attributed in its title.
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