Millions miss a meal or two each day.
Help us change that! Click to donate today!
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #1568 - גִּלְעָד
Gilead = “rocky region”
1) a mountainous region bounded on the west by the Jordan, on the north by Bashan, on the east by the Arabian plateau, and on the south by Moab and Ammon; sometimes called ‘Mount Gilead’ or the ‘land of Gilead’ or just ‘Gilead’. Divided into north and south Gilead (noun proper locative)
2) a city (with prefix ‘Jabesh’) (noun proper locative)
3) the people of the region (noun proper locative)
4) son of Machir and grandson of Manasseh (noun proper masculine)
5) father of Jephthah (noun proper masculine)
6) a Gadite (noun proper masculine)
גִּלְעָד [Gilead], pr.n.
(1) of several men, as
(a) a son of Machir, grandson of Manasseh, Numbers 26:29, 30 Numbers 26:30. Hence patronym. גִּלְעָדִי Judges 11:1, 12:7.
(b) Judges 11:1, Judges 11:2.
(c) 1 Chronicles 5:14.
(2) with the art. הַגִּלְעָד (“hard, stony region;” according to Genesis 31:41, i.q. גַּלְעֵד “hill of witness” [which is of course the true etymology]), Gilead, a region of Palestine beyond Jordan. It properly designates the mountain district to the south of the river Jabbok (-Gen. 31:2148 ; Song of Solomon 4:1), with a city of the same name (Hosea 6:8 comp. Judges 12:7, LXX. which appears to be the same as רָמוֹת גִּלְעָד), where there are now two mountains (Jebel Jelâd and Jelûd), with the ruins of cities of the same names (see Burckhardt’s Travels, Germ. edit. ii. page 599). It is hence applied to the whole mountain tracts between Arnon and Bashan, inhabited by the tribes of Gad, Reuben, and the half tribe of Manasseh (now called البلقاع [el-Belka’] and جبل عجلون [Jebel-’Ajlûn]) Numbers 32:26, 29 Numbers 32:29; Deuteronomy 3:12; Joshua 12:2, Joshua 12:5, 13:10, 11 Joshua 13:11, 31 Joshua 13:31; Amos 1:3, 13. It is therefore used for the tribes of Gad and Reuben, Psalms 60:9, 108:9 for the tribe of Gad, Judges 5:17, comp. 5:16 although also, from the variety of usage in any thing of the kind, 1 Samuel 13:7, the land of Gad and Gilead are spoken of together. It once comprehends even Bashan, and extends to the northern boundary of Palestine, Deuteronomy 34:1.
the Week of Proper 8 / Ordinary 13